Paraguay Government

What is the capital of Paraguay?

Country Name Paraguay
Full Country Name Republic of Paraguay
Local - Long Republica del Paraguay
Local - Short Paraguay
Etymology- history of name the precise meaning of the name Paraguay is unclear, but it seems to derive from the river of the same name; one explanation has the name meaning "water of the Payagua" (an indigenous tribe that lived along the river)
Government Type presidential republic
Capital Name Asuncion
Capital - geographic coordinate 25 16 S, 57 40 W
Capital Time Difference UTC-4 (1 hour ahead of Washington, DC, during Standard Time)
Daylight Savings Time +1hr, begins first Sunday in October; ends fourth Sunday in March
Independence 14 May 1811 (from Spain)
National Holiday Independence Day, 14 May 1811 (observed 15 May)
Constitution several previous; latest approved and promulgated 20 June 1992; amended 2011, 2014

Paraguay Capital City Map

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Paraguay Government and Politics

Who is the president of Paraguay?

Executive Branch:

chief of state: President Mario Abdo BENITEZ (since 15 August 2018); Vice President Hugo Adalberto VELAZQUEZ Moreno (since 15 August 2018); note - the president is both chief of state and head of government

head of government: President Mario Abdo BENITEZ (since 15 August 2018); Vice President Hugo Adalberto VELAZQUEZ Moreno (since 15 August 2018)

cabinet: Council of Ministers appointed by the president

elections/appointments: president and vice president directly elected on the same ballot by simple majority popular vote for a single 5-year term; election last held on 22 April 2018 (next to be held in April 2023)

election results: Mario Abdo BENITEZ elected president; percent of vote - Mario Abdo BENITEZ (ANR) 46.4%, Efrain ALEGRE (PLRA) 42.7%, Juan Bautista YBANEZ 3.3%, other 7.6%

Citizenship Criteria:

citizenship by birth: yes

citizenship by descent: at least one parent must be a native-born citizen of Paraguay

dual citizenship recognized: yes

residency requirement for naturalization: 3 years

Legal System:

civil law system with influences from Argentine, Spanish, Roman, and French civil law models; judicial review of legislative acts in Supreme Court of Justice

Suffrage:

18 years of age; universal and compulsory until the age of 75

Legislative Branch:

description: bicameral National Congress or Congreso Nacional consists of:

Chamber of Senators or Camara de Senadores (45 seats; members directly elected in a single nationwide constituency by proportional representation vote to serve 5-year terms)

Chamber of Deputies or Camara de Diputados (80 seats; members directly elected in 18 multi-seat constituencies - corresponding to the country's 17 departments and capital city - by proportional representation vote to serve 5-year terms)

elections:

Chamber of Senators - last held on 22 April 2018 (next to be held in April 2023)

Chamber of Deputies - last held on 22 April 2018 (next to be held in April 2023)

election results:

Chamber of Senators - percent of vote by party/coalition - ANR 32.52%, PLRA 24.18%, FG 11.83%, PPQ 6.77%, MH 4.47%, PDP 3.66%, MCN 2.48%, UNACE 2.12%, other 11.97%; seats by party/coalition - ANR 17, PLRA 13, FG 6, PPQ 3, MH 2, PDP 2, MCN 1, UNACE 1; composition - men 36, women 9, percent of women 20%

Chamber of Deputies - percent of vote by party/coalition - ANR 39.1%, PLRA 17.74%, Ganar Alliance 12.08%, PPQ 4.46%, MH 3.19%; other 23.43%; seats by party/coalition - ANR 42, PLRA 17, Ganar Alliance 13, PPQ 3, MH 2, other 3; composition - men 66, women 14, percent of women 17.5%; note - total National Congress percent of women 18.4%

Judicial Branch:

highest court(s): Supreme Court of Justice or Corte Suprema de Justicia (consists of 9 justices divided 3 each into the Constitutional Court, Civil and Commercial Chamber, and Criminal Division

judge selection and term of office: justices proposed by the Council of Magistrates or Consejo de la Magistratura, a 6-member independent body, and appointed by the Chamber of Senators with presidential concurrence; judges appointed until mandatory retirement at age 75

subordinate courts: appellate courts; first instance courts; minor courts, including justices of the peace

Regions or States:

17 departments (departamentos, singular - departamento) and 1 capital city*; Alto Paraguay, Alto Parana, Amambay, Asuncion*, Boqueron, Caaguazu, Caazapa, Canindeyu, Central, Concepcion, Cordillera, Guaira, Itapua, Misiones, Neembucu, Paraguari, Presidente Hayes, San Pedro

Political Parties and Leaders:

Asociacion Nacional Republicana - Colorado Party or ANR [Pedro ALLIANA]

Avanza Pais coalition [Adolfo FERREIRO]

Broad Front coalition (Frente Guasu) or FG [Fernando Armindo LUGO Mendez]

Movimiento Union Nacional de Ciudadanos Eticos or UNACE [Jorge OVIEDO MATTO]

Partido del Movimiento al Socialismo or P-MAS [Camilo Ernesto SOARES Machado]

Partido Democratica Progresista or PDP [Desiree MASI]

Partido Encuentro Nacional or PEN [Fernando CAMACHO Paredes]

Partido Liberal Radical Autentico or PLRA [Miguel ABDON SAGUIER]

Partido Pais Solidario or PPS [Carlos Alberto FILIZZOLA Pallares]

Partido Popular Tekojoja [Sixto PEREIRA]

Patria Querida (Beloved Fatherland Party) or PPQ [Sebastian ACHA]

International Law Organization Participation:

accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction; accepts ICCt jurisdiction

International Organization Participation:

CAN (associate), CD, CELAC, FAO, G-11, G-77, IADB, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC (national committees), ICCt, ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, IOM, IPU, ISO (correspondent), ITSO, ITU, ITUC (NGOs), LAES, LAIA, Mercosur, MIGA, MINURSO, MINUSTAH, MONUSCO, NAM (observer), OAS, OPANAL, OPCW, Pacific Alliance (observer), PCA, UN, UNASUR, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNFICYP, UNIDO, Union Latina, UNISFA, UNMIL, UNMISS, UNOCI, UNWTO, UPU, WCO, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO

Diplomatic Representation in the US:

chief of mission: Ambassador German Hugo ROJAS Irigoyen (since 28 December 2016)

chancery: 2400 Massachusetts Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20008

telephone: [1] (202) 483-6960 through 6962

FAX: [1] (202) 234-4508

consulate(s) general: Los Angeles, Miami, New York

Diplomatic Representation from US:

chief of mission: Ambassador Leslie A. BASSETT (since 15 January 2015)

embassy: 1776 Avenida Mariscal Lopez, Casilla Postal 402, Asuncion

mailing address: Unit 4711, DPO AA 34036-0001

telephone: [595] (21) 213-715

FAX: [595] (21) 213-728

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