Solomon Islands Geography

What is the terrain and geography like in Solomon Islands?

Geography - note:

strategic location on sea routes between the South Pacific Ocean, the Solomon Sea, and the Coral Sea; on 2 April 2007 an undersea earthquake measuring 8.1 on the Richter scale occurred 345 km WNW of the capital Honiara; the resulting tsunami devastated coastal areas of Western and Choiseul provinces with dozens of deaths and thousands dislocated; the provincial capital of Gizo was especially hard hit

Climate:

tropical monsoon; few extremes of temperature and weather

Solomon Islands Use of Natural Resources

Solomon Islands Environment

Climate:

tropical monsoon; few extremes of temperature and weather

Terrain:

mostly rugged mountains with some low coral atolls

Natural Resources:

fish, forests, gold, bauxite, phosphates, lead, zinc, nickel

Natural Hazards:

typhoons, but rarely destructive; geologically active region with frequent earth tremors; volcanic activity

Environmental Issues:

deforestation; soil erosion; many of the surrounding coral reefs are dead or dying

Environment - International Agreements:

party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Environmental Modification, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Marine Life Conservation, Ozone Layer Protection, Whaling

signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

Solomon Islands Geography

Geographic Location Oceania
Total Area 11,157 Square Miles
28,896 Square Kilometers
Land Area 10,805 Square Miles
27,986 Square Kilometers
Water Area 351 Square Miles
910 Square Kilometers
Coastline 3,301 Miles
5,313 Kilometers
Geographic Coordinates 8 00 S, 159 00 E
Terrain mostly rugged mountains with some low coral atolls
Highest Point 2,447 Meters
Highest Point Location Mount Makarakomburu 2,447 m
Lowest Point Location Pacific Ocean 0 m
Natural Resources fish, forests, gold, bauxite, phosphates, lead, zinc, nickel
Time Zone UTC+11 (16 hours ahead of Washington, DC, during Standard Time)
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