Papua New Guinea Government

Country Name Papua New Guinea
Full Country Name Independent State of Papua New Guinea
Abbreviation PNG
Local - Short Papuaniugini
Former Name Territory of Papua and New Guinea
Etymology- history of name the word "papua" derives from the Malay "papuah" describing the frizzy hair of the Melanesians; Spanish explorer Ynigo ORTIZ de RETEZ applied the term "Nueva Guinea" to the island of New Guinea in 1545 after noting the resemblance of the locals to the peoples of the Guinea coast of Africa
Government Type parliamentary democracy (National Parliament) under a constitutional monarchy; a Commonwealth realm
Capital Name Port Moresby
Capital - geographic coordinate 9 27 S, 147 11 E
Capital Time Difference UTC+10 (15 hours ahead of Washington, DC, during Standard Time)

Administrative divisions:
Independence 16 September 1975 (from the Australian-administered UN trusteeship)
National Holiday Independence Day, 16 September (1975)
Constitution adopted 15 August 1975, effective at independence 16 September 1975; amended many times, last in 2013; note - in September 2015, the Supreme Court nullified the 2013 constitutional amendment that increased the grace period on motions of no confidence

Papua New Guinea Capital City Map

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2019 edition