Glossary: Peronism

DEFINITION:
An eclectic Argentine political movement formed in 1945-46 to support the successful presidential candidacy of Juan Domingo Pern. The movement later splintered, with left-wingers forming the Montoneros urban guerrilla group. Nevertheless, the fractious movement survived Perns death in 1974 and made a good showing in the congressional elections of 1986. The political, economic, and social ideology of Peronism was formally labelled Justicialismo, meaning social justice, in 1949. It combines nationalism, social democracy, loyalty to the memory of Pern, and Personalismo, which is the dominance of a nations political life by an individual, often a charismatic personality.

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