Where is Sweden located?

What countries border Sweden?

Sweden Weather

What is the current weather in Sweden?


Sweden Facts and Culture

What is Sweden famous for?

  • Food and Recipes: For breakfast, one might eat fil (a kind of yogurt), knäckebröd (crisp bread) with margarine, and coffee. They might also have a... More
  • Family: About 80 percent of Sweden's people live in urban areas, the remaining 20 percent are scattered across the land in... More
  • Fashion: Swedes wear warm conservative European fashions.  Swedish folk costumes consist of white blouses, vests and long dark skirts often with... More
  • Visiting: A hosts usually offers something to drink to their guests. Usually people invite others over for an evening meal. ... More
  • Recreation: Singing in choirs is Sweden's most popular hobby.  Popular sports include fotboll (FOOT boll) or  soccer, skiing, tennis, golf, swimming,... More
  • Cultural Attributes: Life in Sweden is greatly influenced by its geographic location and climate.  Much of the country experiences long, dark winters... More

Sweden Facts

What is the capital of Sweden?

Capital Stockholm
Government Type parliamentary constitutional monarchy
Currency Swedish Krona (SEK)
Total Area 173,859 Square Miles
450,295 Square Kilometers
Location Northern Europe, bordering the Baltic Sea, Gulf of Bothnia, Kattegat, and Skagerrak, between Finland and Norway
Language Swedish
GDP - real growth rate 2.8%
GDP - per capita (PPP) $48,000.00 (USD)

Sweden Demographics

What is the population of Sweden?

Ethnic Groups indigenous population: Swedes and Finnish and Sami minorities; foreign-born or first-generation immigrants: Finns, Yugoslavs, Danes, Norwegians, Greeks, Turks
Languages The numbers in Swedish and in English are very similar. If, for example, you want to say 31 you just take the word for 30, "trettio", and the word for 5, "fem", and put them together to make "trettiofem". This works in exactly the same way as it does in English.  Sweden uses the Roman alphabet with three extra letters.  å ö ä.  Some words are the same in English and Swedish for example "man" and "person" are the same.
Nationality Adjective Swedish
Nationality Noun Swede(s)
Population 10,202,491
Population Growth Rate 0.18%
Population in Major Urban Areas STOCKHOLM (capital) 1.385 million
Predominant Language Swedish
Urban Population 85.2%

Sweden Government

What type of government does Sweden have?

  • Executive Branch: chief of state: King CARL XVI GUSTAF (since 15 September 1973); Heir Apparent Princess VICTORIA Ingrid Alice Desiree (daughter of... More
  • Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal More
  • Citizenship: citizenship by birth: no citizenship by descent only: the father must be a citizen of Sweden; in the case of a... More
  • National Holiday: National Day, 6 June (1983); note - from 1916 to 1982 this date was celebrated as Swedish Flag Day More
  • Constitution: history: several previous; latest adopted 1 January 1975 amendments: proposed by Parliament; passage requires simple majority vote in two consecutive parliamentary... More
  • Independence: 6 June 1523 (Gustav VASA elected king of Sweden marking the abolishment of the Kalmar Union between Denmark, Norway, and... More

Sweden Geography

What environmental issues does Sweden have?

  • Overview: Sweden is bounded on the west by Norway and an arm of the North Sea, on the north by Norway... More
  • Climate: Despite its northern latitude, Sweden’s climate is not excessively cold due to the proximity of the Gulf Stream and the... More
  • Border Countries: Finland 586 km, Norway 1,619 km More
  • Environment - Current Issues: acid rain damage to soils and lakes; pollution of the North Sea and the Baltic Sea More
  • Environment - International Agreements: party to: Air Pollution, Air Pollution-Nitrogen Oxides, Air Pollution-Persistent Organic Pollutants, Air Pollution-Sulfur 85, Air Pollution-Sulfur 94, Air Pollution-Volatile Organic... More
  • Terrain: mostly flat or gently rolling lowlands; mountains in west More

Sweden Economy

How big is the Sweden economy?

  • Economic Overview: Sweden’s small, open, and competitive economy has been thriving and Sweden has achieved an enviable standard of living with its... More
  • Industries: iron and steel, precision equipment (bearings, radio and telephone parts, armaments), wood pulp and paper products, processed foods, motor vehicles More
  • Currency Name and Code: Swedish Krona (SEK) More
  • Export Partners: US 11.6%, Germany 10.1%, Norway 9%, UK 8.2%, Denmark 5.9%, Finland 5.5%, Netherlands 5.3%, France 5.1%, Belgium 4.7% More
  • Import Partners: Germany 18.5%, Denmark 8.8%, UK 8.6%, Norway 8.2%, Netherlands 6.7%, France 5.4%, Finland 5.2%, US 5% More

Sweden News & Current Events

What current events are happening in Sweden?
Source: Google News

Interesting Sweden Facts

What unique things can you discover about Sweden?

  • During Sweden's great expansion in the 17th century, the country founded a short-lived colony in what is now Delaware in North America.
  • Every March, thousands of Swedes take part in an 86-kilometre cross-country ski race called the Vasaloppet (Vasa Race). This race commemorates an event in 1523, when Gustav Vasa, who rallied the Swedes against the Danes, was forced to flee for his life on skis.
  • Every year, the Nobel Prizes are awarded in Stockholm, Sweden. Alfred Nobel, who founded the prizes, was a Swedish manufacturer of armaments and explosives. To reconcile the harm he believed he had done with his business, Nobel decided to reward those who had a positive impact on the world.
  • For a long time, Sweden did not have a national day. In 1983, June 6 was named the official national day. Although it remains a regular workday, some towns have parades, and families display the Swedish flag.
  • IKEA, the furniture manufacturing and retail company, was founded in Sweden in 1943. The name IKEA comes from the initials of the founder, Ingvar Kamprad, and the first letters of Elmtaryd and Agunnaryd, the farm and village where he grew up.
  • In August, Swedes enjoy crayfish parties. They boil freshwater shellfish in water, add dill, salt and sugar and leave it to cool overnight. They eat the crayfish with hot buttered toast and caraway cheese, accompanied by beer and aquavit, a vodka-like drink.
  • The Swedes often learn how to speak English as a second language in high school.
  • In July 2000, a bridge linking Sweden and Denmark was opened by Sweden's King Carl Gustav xvi and Denmark's Queen Margrethe II. The 16 kilometer Öresund Link spans the water between Lernacken, near Malmö, and Kastrup, near Copenhagen.
  • Members of the Church of Sweden pay a church tax. Before 1996, all Swedes whose parents belonged to the Lutheran Church were automatically considered church members, although they could choose to withdraw from the church. Those who withdrew paid a reduced church tax. Today, membership in the church is voluntary.
  • Näver is a Swedish traditional craft that involves drying and weaving strips of the soft inner bark from a birch tree. Näver is used to make bags and backpacks.
  • One-seventh of Sweden lies north of the Arctic Circle. This region is called the Land of the Midnight Sun because the sun shines almost 24 hours a day for several weeks in late June and early July. In December and January, the sun barely rises above the horizon.
  • Saab, the Swedish car company, was originally an aircraft manufacturer.
  • Most of Sweden is very flat. This is conducive to farming, especially wheat and oats.
  • Swedes have made many contributions to scholarship and science. Anders Celsius (1701-44), a Swedish astronomer and mathematician, invented the Centigrade system of measuring temperature. The Swedish scientist Carl von Linné (1707-78), also known as Linnaeus, invented the classification system of plants, animals and minerals that is used around the world.
  • Swedish people usually answer the telephone by saying their name or their telephone number instead of 'Hello.'
  • The heir to King Carl Gustaf XV is his daughter Princess Victoria. In Sweden, the heir to the throne is the first-born child, not the first-born son.
  • The popularity of tennis in Sweden increased dramatically in the 1970s when Swedish player Björn Borg won his first Wimbledon title. He won the Wimbledon championship five times in a row.
  • They put their tooth in a glass of water. In the morning their tooth will be gone and a coin will be in the glass.

Sweden Travel Information

What makes Sweden a unique country to travel to?

Country Description

Sweden is a highly developed, stable democracy with a modern economy. Swedish is the official language, but English is well-spoken throughout the country.

Crime

Sweden has a low crime rate, though violent crime does occur on occasion. Most crimes involve the theft of personal property from cars or residences or in public areas. Pickpockets and purse-snatchers are becoming more prevalent. Many U.S. citizens fall victim to these highly-skilled thieves, especially at the main train stations in Stockholm and Gothenburg, and while riding the bus or train to and from airports. Do not put any bags containing valuables, such as your passport, down on the ground. Thieves particularly like computer bags. Pickpockets and purse-snatchers often work in pairs or groups so one can distract the victim while the other grabs the items; often, they operate in or near major tourist attractions such as Stockholm's Old Town, and also at restaurants, amusement parks, museums, bars, public transportation, including airports. Hotel breakfast rooms and lobbies attract professional, well-dressed thieves who blend in with guests and target purses and briefcases left unguarded by unsuspecting tourists and business travelers. Don’t leave your valuables in parked vehicles.

Don’t buy counterfeit and pirated goods, even if they are widely available. Not only are the bootlegs illegal to bring back into the United States, if you purchase them, you may also be breaking local law.

Criminal Penalties

While you are traveling in Sweden, you are subject to its laws even if you are a U.S. citizen. Foreign laws and legal systems can be vastly different than our own. There are also some things that might be legal in the country you visit, but illegal in the United States, and you can be prosecuted under U.S. law. Penalties for possessing, using, or trafficking illegal drugs in Sweden are severe, and convicted offenders can expect long jail sentences and heavy fines. There is no bail system in Sweden, and U.S. citizens who are arrested may be held in custody until the trial is complete. Engaging in sexual conduct with children or using or disseminating child pornography in a foreign country is a crime prosecutable in the United States. If you break local laws in Sweden, your U.S. passport won’t help you avoid arrest or prosecution. It’s very important to know what’s legal and what’s not at your destination.

Arrest notifications in host country: While some countries will automatically notify the U.S. Embassy if a U.S. citizen is detained or arrested in a foreign country, that might not always be the case. To ensure that the United States is aware of your circumstances, request that the police and prison officials notify the U.S. Embassy as soon as you are arrested or detained overseas.

Languages

The numbers in Swedish and in English are very similar. If, for example, you want to say 31 you just take the word for 30, "trettio", and the word for 5, "fem", and put them together to make "trettiofem". This works in exactly the same way as it does in English.  Sweden uses the Roman alphabet with three extra letters.  å ö ä.  Some words are the same in English and Swedish for example "man" and "person" are the same.

Medical Facilities and Health Information

Medical care in Sweden is comparable to that found in the United States. The Swedish medical system is state-run, so instead of visiting a local private general practitioner, you can visit a local medical center or clinic, called an "Akutmottagning" or "Vardcentral." You should be prepared to present your passport. The Swedish medical system does not cover people who don’t live in Sweden; nonresidents are expected to pay their own medical costs. In case of a medical emergency, use the emergency telephone number "112" to contact the appropriate emergency service.

If you have special needs, you should consult your personal physician and take appropriate precautions, including bringing adequate supplies of necessary medication. You can bring medicines into the country as long as they are intended for a medical reason and your personal use. Medications categorized as narcotics may only be brought into the country to cover your personal use for a maximum of five days, three weeks, or three months,depending on the type, and must be accompanied by a note from your medical doctor stating why you need them. Class II and Class III narcotics may only be brought into Sweden to cover your personal use for a maximum of five days each time you enter Sweden. Medications categorized Class IV and Class V narcotics may be brought into the country to cover your personal use for three weeks, however if you are a foreign resident and in Sweden only temporarily, you may bring enough for the duration of your stay in Sweden, up to a maximum of three months. To find out the classification of your medication contact the Medical Products Agency in Sweden.

In addition, stringent Swedish customs regulations prohibit travelers from receiving drugs from abroad after having arrived in the country. You may find local physicians reluctant to prescribe equivalent quantities or dosages. Prescriptions are dispensed at pharmacies called "Apotek" in Swedish. Most pharmacies are open only during normal shopping hours, but major cities will have a 24-hour pharmacy.

Safety and Security

Sweden has been subject to terrorist incidents in the recent past, and the potential for a terrorist incident remains. Like other countries in the Schengen area, Sweden's open borders with its Western European neighbors allow the possibility of terrorist groups to enter and exit the country with anonymity. You should remain vigilant and exercise caution.

Traffic Safety and Road Conditions

While in Sweden, you may encounter road conditions that differ significantly from those in the United States. You can use a valid U.S. driver's license while visiting Sweden, but you must be at least 18 years old to drive. Driving is on the right in Sweden as in the United States. Road signs use standard international symbols and Swedish text. Many urban streets have traffic lanes reserved for public transportation only. Swedish roads are comparable to those in the United States, though secondary roads may be less heavily traveled. The secondary routes often narrow to two lanes with a wider shoulder. Slower vehicles are expected to move onto the shoulder to allow faster moving vehicles to pass. All vehicles on the road must have their headlights turned on, no matter the time of day. You must use snow tires between December 1 and March 31, and you should be experienced driving on ice and snow, if you are going to drive in the winter. Gas stations in rural areas can be far apart. Some gas stations are unattended and require a credit card with a chip to purchase fuel; some U.S. banks will issue this type of card upon request. You must use seat belts, and children under the age of seven must be seated in approved child or booster seats. The maximum speed limit is 110 kilometers per hour (approximately 66 miles per hour). Driving under the influence of alcohol or drugs, including prescription drugs, is considered a very serious offense. The maximum legal blood-alcohol level is .02-- much lower than in the United States. Swedish police often conduct alcohol tests on roads and highways. The rules are strictly enforced and fines can be severe, including possible jail sentences.

Public transport in Sweden is the recommended method of travel. Passenger trains, intercity buses, and airplanes provide regular service over longer distances. Public transportation in urban centers includes buses, subways, trams, suburban trains, and taxis. Taxis are more expensive than in major U.S. cities. Most local residents use public transport in Stockholm, as parking can be hard to find and expensive. The bus, train, and subway systems are considered safe. Cyclists are common on many roads, especially in urban areas.

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