Where is Burundi located?

What countries border Burundi?

Burundi Weather

What is the current weather in Burundi?


Burundi Facts and Culture

What is Burundi famous for?

  • Family: Most Burundians live in rural areas. Children are very important to Burundian families. A common Kirundi saying is Nta ndagukunda... More
  • Fashion: Pagnes (cloth wraparounds) are the traditional clothing of Burundi and are still worn in the rural areas. Male herders wear... More
  • Visiting: Burundians are social people and visit without announcing it. More
  • Recreation: Soccer and basketball are becoming popular throughout the country. Storytelling is a favorite pastime. Storytelling can be in the form of... More
  • Cultural Attributes: Burundians are sociable people who greet friends and relatives warmly. Handshaking is a common greeting as is hugging, kissing cheeks... More
  • Dating: Young people are usually expected to obtain their parents' approval when choosing marriage partners. Sometimes parents arrange the marriage. When... More
  • Diet: Beans, particularly red kidney beans, are a staple in Burundian cooking. Most people eat beans at least once a day.... More

Burundi Facts

What is the capital of Burundi?

Capital Bujumbura
Government Type presidential republic
Currency Burundi francs (BIF)
Total Area 10,745 Square Miles
27,830 Square Kilometers
Location Central Africa, east of Democratic Republic of the Congo
Language Kirundi (official), French (official), Swahili (along Lake Tanganyika and in the Bujumbura area)
GDP - real growth rate -0.5%
GDP - per capita (PPP) $800.00 (USD)

Burundi Demographics

What is the population of Burundi?

Ethnic Groups Hutu (Bantu) 85%, Tutsi (Hamitic) 14%, Twa (Pygmy) 1%, Europeans 3,000, South Asians 2,000
Nationality Adjective Burundian
Nationality Noun Burundian(s)
Population 11,865,821
Population - note note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected
Population Growth Rate 3.08%
Population in Major Urban Areas BUJUMBURA (capital) 605,000
Predominant Language Kirundi (official), French (official), Swahili (along Lake Tanganyika and in the Bujumbura area)
Urban Population 10.9%

Burundi Government

What type of government does Burundi have?

  • Executive Branch: chief of state: President Pierre NKURUNZIZA (since 26 August 2005); First Vice President Gaston SINDIMWO (since 20 August 2015); Second... More
  • Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal More
  • Citizenship: citizenship by birth: no citizenship by descent only: the father must be a citizen of Burundi dual citizenship recognized: no residency requirement for... More
  • National Holiday: Independence Day, 1 July (1962) More
  • Constitution: history: several previous; latest ratified by referendum 28 February 2005 amendments: proposed by the president of the republic after consultation with... More
  • Independence: 1 July 1962 (from UN trusteeship under Belgian administration) More

Burundi Geography

What environmental issues does Burundi have?

  • Overview: Located in east-central Africa and surrounded by Zaire, Rwanda, and Tanzania, the landlocked Republic of Burundi is a heart-shaped country... More
  • Climate: Though less than 5°F south of the Equator, the entire country has a pleasant climate. equatorial; high plateau with considerable... More
  • Border Countries: Democratic Republic of the Congo 233 km, Rwanda 290 km, Tanzania 451 km More
  • Environment - Current Issues: soil erosion as a result of overgrazing and the expansion of agriculture into marginal lands; deforestation (little forested land remains... More
  • Environment - International Agreements: party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Ozone Layer Protection, Wetlands signed, but not... More
  • Terrain: hilly and mountainous, dropping to a plateau in east, some plains More

Burundi Economy

How big is the Burundi economy?

  • Economic Overview: Burundi is a landlocked, resource-poor country with an underdeveloped manufacturing sector. Agriculture accounts for over 40% of GDP and employs... More
  • Industries: light consumer goods (blankets, shoes, soap, beer); assembly of imported components; public works construction; food processing More
  • Currency Name and Code: Burundi francs (BIF) More
  • Export Partners: Germany 12.3%, Pakistan 10.7%, Democratic Republic of the Congo 10.7%, Uganda 8.1%, Sweden 7.8%, US 7.1%, Belgium 6.3%, Rwanda 4.6%,... More
  • Import Partners: Kenya 15%, Saudi Arabia 14%, Belgium 9.9%, Tanzania 8.3%, Uganda 7.3%, China 7.1%, India 4.9%, France 4% More

Burundi News & Current Events

What current events are happening in Burundi?
Source: Google News

Interesting Burundi Facts

What unique things can you discover about Burundi?

  • Abashingantahe was a long-standing common-law system of justice practiced among Burundians. Under this system, jurors were trained to dispense justice to those who broke the community's laws and codes of acceptable conduct.
  • After the first presidential election held in 1993, the new President, Melchior Ndadaye, appointed a woman, Mrs. Sylvie Kinigi, as prime minister. It is the highest political office occupied by a Burundian woman since independence.
  • Although Burundi has several organizations that promote women's rights, women are still under-represented in school enrollment and their adult literacy rate is much lower than that of men.
  • Ankole-Watusi cattle are native to Burundi. These animals, famous for their enormous horns, are called “ the cattle of kings.” They have been bred in the Nile Valley for thousands of years and appear in pictographs in the Egyptian pyramids. Tutsi kings and chiefs considered them sacred and kept them for milk, but rarely killed them for meat.
  • Burundi is known as “ The Heart of Africa” because of its shape and location within the continent.
  • Hospitality was once very important in Burundi. In the past, when people went on a journey, they would stop when they were tired or when night fell at any home. They could be sure of a welcome and a night's lodging. Today, because of the civil war, people are afraid to trust strangers and even their neighbors.
  • Ibitoke (plantain) is a type of banana. Green plantains are peeled by making two or three cuts along the length of the fruit, just deep enough to cut through the thick skin but not the fruit. The skin is then easily stripped off in pieces. Ripe plantains are thin-skinned and easily peeled. Unlike bananas, they are usually cooked.
  • In indigenous religions, a kiranga (priest) acts as an intermediary between the god Imana and humans. Persons seeking help from Imana will ask the kiranga to intercede with the god on their behalf. An offering which may be in the form of food, drink or other gifts is made to the kiranga.
  • Many Burundian families make their own food containers. They grow gourds of various kinds and dry them to make vessels for eating, drinking, carrying water and storing grain. They also make earthenware pottery for cooking or storing foods.
  • Some herbal remedies require the skill of an abafumu, a practitioner believed to have special powers. For the medicines to be effective, the abafumu must pronounce incantations and give special instructions to both the sick person and family members or caregivers.
  • The Drummers of Burundi, a 14-member troupe, tour the world, performing in major cities. Dressed in colorful costumes, they dance as well as perform on the drums. Each member takes a turn beating a huge drum called an inkiranya, which sets the rhythm for the other drummers.
  • The importance of cattle is demonstrated in the traditional Kirundi greeting Amasho,which means “ May you have herds of cattle.” Wishing people “ herds of cattle” is a way to wish them good health and prosperity.
  • The source of the Nile River, the longest river in the world, is in southern Burundi. Near the town of Rutana, a monument that marks the source of the White Nile is a Burundi tourist attraction.
  • The Twa people still live in the forests and mountains, hunting, fishing and gathering fruit, much as their ancestors did a thousand years ago. They are known for their fine pottery, which they sell or exchange for food and other goods.
  • Unity Day on February 5 was instituted by President Buyoya to remind people that unity is important and worth striving for.
  • Unity Day on February 5 was instituted by President Buyoya to remind people that unity is important and worth striving for.
  • V'nuste Niyongabo, who competed in the 1996 Olympic Games, won the gold medal in the 5,000-metre race, the first-ever Olympic medal for Burundi.

Watch video on Burundi

What can you learn about Burundi in this video?

Burundi Best Places To Travel By WorldPedia World Pedia- YouTube

Burundi Travel Information

What makes Burundi a unique country to travel to?

Country Description

One of the poorest countries in the world, Burundi is a small, francophone, densely populated central African nation bordering Lake Tanganyika, Rwanda, Tanzania, and the Democratic Republic of Congo. Burundi was plagued by a civil war from 1993 to 2006 that often involved non-governmental and non-combatant targets. In 2009, the last rebel group agreed to demobilize and register as a political party. Between May and September 2010, Burundi held a series of five elections covering elected offices at all levels of government, which domestic and international observers considered to be credible. Years of fighting have devastated a historically fragile economy that depends on subsistence agriculture. Poor public health and education, weather disasters such as drought and floods, crop diseases, soaring food and fuel prices, and lack of infrastructure exacerbate the effects of conflict and delay recovery. Limited facilities for tourism are slowly becoming available around Bujumbura. Outside the capital, particularly towards the southern town of Rumonge, tourist facilities are developing along the lakeshore. However, road and safety guidelines should be considered when traveling outside of Bujumbura.

Crime

Crime poses a high risk for foreign visitors to Bujumbura and Burundi in general. Due to insufficient resources, local authorities in any part of Burundi are often unable to provide timely assistance in emergencies. U.S. government personnel are prohibited from walking on the streets after dusk or using local public transportation. Foreigners, whether in vehicles or at home, are always potential crime targets. Common crimes, often committed by groups of armed bandits, include mugging, purse-snatching, pick-pocketing, burglary, automobile break-ins and carjacking. Don’t leave valuable items unattended in a hotel room. Many criminal incidents involve armed attackers. Criminals in Bujumbura often operate in pairs or in small groups involving six or more individuals.

The Department of State advises you to use caution when traveling, paying particular attention when traveling to and from frequent destinations including work, home, and popular shops or restaurants. You should also avoid establishing routines and vary routes between regularly-traveled destinations in order to reduce vulnerability to targeted criminal or terrorist acts. In general, you should pay close attention to your personal security at locations where foreigners are commonly known to congregate and avoid demonstrations and large gatherings. U.S. citizens living and working in Bujumbura should take this opportunity to ensure your security and emergency action plans are up-to-date.

Likewise, outside of Bujumbura, vulnerability to criminal attacks on the roads continues to be a serious concern. The U.S. Embassy strongly cautions against traveling outside of towns after nightfall. When traveling upcountry, the best practice is to use convoys of multiple vehicles to prevent becoming a victim of crime in the event of mechanical failure or emergency while traveling. Furthermore, the U.S. Embassy recommends travelers be equipped with satellite telephones, maps, and navigation equipment, medical gear to include trauma supplies, and vehicle maintenance and recovery equipment, especially when traveling off main routes.

Don’t buy counterfeit and pirated goods, even if they are widely available. Not only are the bootlegs illegal in the United States, if you purchase them you may also be breaking local law.

Criminal Penalties

While you are traveling in Burundi, you are subject to its laws even if you are a U.S. citizen. Foreign laws and legal systems can be vastly different than those of the United States. There are also some things that might be legal in the country you visit, but still illegal in the United States, and you can be prosecuted under U.S. law if you buy pirated goods. Engaging in sexual conduct with children or using or disseminating child pornography in a foreign country is also a crime prosecutable in the United States.

Burundian law requires that you carry some form of identification at all times. You can be held for questioning if you do not have an identification document when one is requested by a member of the Burundian Police. It is illegal to take pictures of certain sensitive buildings/installations in Burundi. If you see Burundian Police near an installation, it’s safer to seek permission before taking photographs. Driving under the influence can land you immediately in jail. Penalties for possessing, using, or trafficking in illegal drugs in Burundi are severe, and convicted offenders can expect long jail sentences and heavy fines.

If you break local laws in Burundi, your U.S. passport won’t help you avoid arrest or prosecution. It’s very important to know what’s legal and what’s not wherever you go.

While some countries will automatically notify the nearest U.S. embassy or consulate if a U.S. citizen is detained or arrested in a foreign country, that might not always be the case. To ensure that the United States is aware of your circumstances, request that the police and prison officials notify the nearest U.S. embassy or consulate as soon as you are arrested or detained overseas. If you are arrested in Burundi, you have the option to request that the police, prison officials, or other authorities alert the U.S. embassyof your arrest, and to have communications from you forwarded to the U.S. embassy.

Medical Facilities and Health Information

Medical facilities in Burundi do not meet United States standards. You should carry an ample supply of properly-labeled prescription drugs and other medications with you, as certain medications and prescription drugs are unavailable or in short supply. Sterility of equipment is questionable, and treatment is unreliable. Ambulance assistance is non-existent and emergency services are all but unavailable. Hospital care in Burundi should be considered in only the most serious cases and when no reasonable alternatives are available. Malaria prophylaxis is strongly recommended for travel to all parts of Burundi.

Safety and Security

In October 2009, al-Shabaab publically threatened to attack Burundi to retaliate for its participation in the African Union Mission in Somalia (AMISOM). The U.S. Embassy takes this threat seriously and regularly reviews the current security posture for U.S. government personnel and Travel Warnings for U.S. citizens in the region. Remain vigilant while performing your daily activities or while traveling outside of major cities to decrease the likelihood of becoming a victim of crime or other violent acts.

Public demonstrations are generally nonviolent and well controlled by the police. However, any demonstration or spontaneous gathering has the potential to become violent. Avoid them.

Traffic Safety and Road Conditions

While in Burundi, you may encounter road conditions that differ significantly from those in the United States.

The information below concerning Burundi is provided for general reference only, and may not be totally accurate in a particular location or circumstance.

While travel on most roads is generally safe during the day, travelers must maintain constant vigilance. There have been reports of violent attacks on vehicles traveling the roads throughout the country outside of Bujumbura. U.S. government personnel are required to travel via two-vehicle convoy to certain areas, have their trips pre-approved by the Embassy's Regional Security Officer, and carry a satellite phone with them. The U.S. Embassy recommends that U.S. citizens not travel on the national highways from dusk to dawn. Drivers without valid permits, and the ease with which a driver's license can be acquired without training, make Burundian drivers less careful, predictable, or mindful of driving rules than U.S. drivers may expect.

There are no functioning traffic signals in Bujumbura, and virtually nothing of the kind elsewhere in the country. Roadways are not marked, and the lack of streetlights or shoulders makes driving in the countryside at night especially dangerous.

Additionally, drivers may encounter cyclists, pedestrians, and livestock in the roadway, including in and around the capital. Mini-vans used as buses for 18 persons should be given a wide berth as they start and stop abruptly, often without pulling to the side of the road.

Large holes or damaged portions of roadway may be encountered anywhere in the country, including in Bujumbura; when driving in the countryside off main roads, travelers should carry multiple spare tires. During the rainy season, many side roads are passable only with four-wheel drive vehicles. Burundi’s supplies of gasoline and diesel fuel are imported predominantly from Kenya and Tanzania, and are relatively expensive due to high transportation costs. Service stations are rare outside of the major cities.

Third-party insurance is required, and it will cover any damages in the event of an accident (property, injury, or death). If you are found to have caused an accident, you automatically will be fined 10,000 Burundian francs (approximately $6.50 U.S.) and your driver's license will be confiscated until the police investigation is completed. Although the law provides for the arrest of drunk drivers, in practice, the police do not act on this law. If you are involved in an accident causing death, it is advised that you leave the scene of the accident and proceed to the nearest police station.

All Countries
Afghanistan Akrotiri Albania Algeria American Samoa Andorra Angola Anguilla Antarctica Antigua and Barbuda Argentina Armenia Aruba Australia Austria Azerbaijan Bahamas Bahrain Bangladesh Barbados Belarus Belgium Belize Benin Bermuda Bhutan Bolivia Bosnia and Herzegovina Botswana Brazil British Indian Ocean Territory British Virgin Islands Brunei Bulgaria Burkina Faso Burma Burundi Cabo Verde Cambodia Cameroon Canada Cayman Islands Central African Republic Chad Chile China Christmas Island Clipperton Island Cocos (Keeling) Islands Colombia Comoros Congo, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Republic of the Cook Islands Coral Sea Islands Costa Rica Cote d’Ivoire Croatia Cuba Curacao Cyprus Czech Republic Denmark Dhekelia Djibouti Dominica Dominican Republic Ecuador Egypt El Salvador Equatorial Guinea Eritrea Estonia Eswatini Ethiopia Falkland Islands Faroe Islands Fiji Finland France French Guiana French Polynesia Gabon Gambia, The Gaza Strip Georgia Germany Ghana Gibraltar Greece Greenland Grenada Guadeloupe Guam Guatemala Guernsey Guinea Guinea-Bissau Guyana Haiti Holy See Honduras Hong Kong Hungary Iceland India Indonesia Iran Iraq Ireland Isle of Man Israel Italy Jamaica Jan Mayen Japan Jersey Jordan Kazakhstan Kenya Kiribati Korea, North Korea, South Kosovo Kuwait Kyrgyzstan Laos Latvia Lebanon Lesotho Liberia Libya Liechtenstein Lithuania Luxembourg Macau Macedonia Madagascar Malawi Malaysia Maldives Mali Malta Marshall Islands Martinique Mauritania Mauritius Mayotte Mexico Micronesia Moldova Monaco Mongolia Montenegro Montserrat Morocco Mozambique Namibia Nauru Nepal Netherlands New Caledonia New Zealand Nicaragua Niger Nigeria Niue Norfolk Island Northern Mariana Islands Norway Oman Pakistan Palau Panama Papua New Guinea Paraguay Peru Philippines Pitcairn Islands Poland Portugal Puerto Rico Qatar Reunion Romania Russia Rwanda Saint Helena, Ascension, and Tristan da Cunha Saint Kitts and Nevis Saint Lucia Saint Pierre and Miquelon Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Samoa San Marino Sao Tome and Principe Saudi Arabia Senegal Serbia Seychelles Sierra Leone Singapore Slovakia Slovenia Solomon Islands Somalia South Africa Spain Sri Lanka Sudan Sudan, South Suriname Svalbard Sweden Switzerland Syria Taiwan Tajikistan Tanzania Thailand Timor-Leste Togo Tokelau Tonga Trinidad and Tobago Tunisia Turkey Turkmenistan Turks and Caicos Islands Tuvalu Uganda Ukraine United Arab Emirates United Kingdom United States (US) Uruguay Uzbekistan Vanuatu Venezuela Vietnam Virgin Islands Wake Island Wallis and Futuna West Bank Western Sahara World Yemen Zambia Zimbabwe