Where is Hong Kong located?

What countries border Hong Kong?

Hong Kong Weather

What is the current weather in Hong Kong?


Hong Kong Facts and Culture

What is Hong Kong famous for?

  • Food and Recipes: The use of chopsticks is prevalent in Chinese dining. Though Chinese like to share food with the family, work schedules... More
  • Family: With one of the lowest divorce rates in the world, Chinese family loyalty and obedience is extremely strong. One child... More
  • Fashion: Modesty and cleanliness is important in the public arena. Hong Kong residents wear a wide range of dress styles, though... More
  • Visiting: Entertaining visitors is a popular activity in Hong Kong, though due to busy schedules and small homes, dining out in... More
  • Recreation: Hong Kong people do not participate in many sports and do not play them much as kids. More
  • Cultural Attributes: Hong Kong is known as 'The Pearl of the Orient', due to its scenic beauty and the energy of its... More
  • Dating: Couples enjoy dining out, movies, picnics and shopping malls. Young people usually wait to marry till they can have their... More
  • Diet: Rice is the staple food. Most of the food in Hong Kong is imported. Fried rice usually includes a little... More

Hong Kong Facts

What is the capital of Hong Kong?

Capital Victoria
Government Type presidential limited democracy; a special administrative region of the People's Republic of China
Currency Hong Kong Dollar (HKD)
Total Area 426 Square Miles
1,104 Square Kilometers
Location Eastern Asia, bordering the South China Sea and China
Language Chinese (Cantonese), English; both are official
GDP - real growth rate 2.5%
GDP - per capita (PPP) $57,000.00 (USD)

Hong Kong Demographics

What is the population of Hong Kong?

Ethnic Groups Chinese 95%, other 5%
Languages The official language of Hong Kong is Chinese. English is still the language of commerce, as it was the official language up until 1997. The official dialect is Yue (Cantonese) from Guangdong. Chinese written script has been standardized for centuries, but the simplified script from mainland China is beginning to become popular in Hong Kong.
Nationality Adjective Chinese/Hong Kong
Nationality Noun Chinese/Hong Konger
Population 7,249,907
Population Growth Rate 0.39%
Predominant Language Chinese (Cantonese), English; both are official
Urban Population 100%

Hong Kong Government

What type of government does Hong Kong have?

  • Executive Branch: chief of state: President of China XI Jinping (since 14 March 2013) head of government: Chief Executive Carrie LAM (since 1... More
  • Suffrage: 18 years of age in direct elections for half of the Legislative Council seats and all of the seats in... More
  • Citizenship: see China More
  • National Holiday: National Day (Anniversary of the Founding of the People's Republic of China), 1 October (1949); note - 1 July (1997)... More
  • Constitution: history: several previous (governance documents while under British authority); latest drafted April 1988 to February 1989, approved March 1990, effective... More
  • Independence: none (special administrative region of China) More

Hong Kong Geography

What environmental issues does Hong Kong have?

Hong Kong Economy

How big is the Hong Kong economy?

Hong Kong News & Current Events

What current events are happening in Hong Kong?
Source: Google News

Interesting Hong Kong Facts

What unique things can you discover about Hong Kong?

  • Work weeks are Monday through Saturday.
  • During the Chinese New Year festivities, children are given “Lai see” (lucky money).
  • Hong
    Kong, the name means fragrant harbor, was founded by British Naval
    officers in the 17th century as a western trading post for tea.
  • People eat long noodles on their birthday so they may have a long life.
  • Hong Kong is densely-populated. Its overall density: 6,420 people per sq km.
  • Hong Kong is very hilly and there are outdoor escalators in the Central district of the Island.
  • The emblem for the reunification of Hong Kong with China is Sousa Chinensis (the Chinese White Dolphin) which in fact is pink.

Watch video on Hong Kong

What can you learn about Hong Kong in this video?

Hong Kong, a Modern Dive into Chinese Culture YouTube: ClubTravelie

Hong Kong Travel Information

What makes Hong Kong a unique country to travel to?

Country Description

Hong Kong, a Special Administrative Region (SAR) of the People’s Republic of China (PRC) since July 1, 1997, has a high degree of autonomy, except in the areas of defense and foreign policy, and retains its own currency, laws, and border controls. It is composed of three geographic areas: the New Territories, Kowloon Peninsula, and Hong Kong Island. Hong Kong SAR is cosmopolitan and highly developed. Tourist facilities and services are widely available.

Crime

Hong Kong has a low crime rate. Even so, you should exercise caution when in congested areas and pay particular attention to personal belongings while in crowded markets and while traveling on public transportation. Violent crime, though rare, does occur.

Don’t buy counterfeit and pirated goods, even if they are widely available. Not only are the bootlegs illegal in the United States, if you purchase them you may also be breaking local law.

Criminal Penalties

While you are traveling in Hong Kong, you are subject to its laws even if you are a U.S. citizen. Foreign laws and legal systems can be vastly different from our own. In Hong Kong you may be taken in for questioning if you don’t have your passport with you. If you are found to be driving under the influence, you could be sent immediately to jail. There are also some things that might be legal in Hong Kong, but still illegal in the United States, and you can be prosecuted under U.S. law if you buy pirated goods. Engaging in sexual conduct with children or using or disseminating child pornography in a foreign country is a crime prosecutable in the United States. If you break local laws in Hong Kong, your U.S. passport won’t help you avoid arrest or prosecution. It’s very important to know what’s legal and what’s not where you are going.

If you violate Hong Kong laws, even unknowingly, you may be expelled, arrested, or imprisoned. Penalties for possession of, use of, or trafficking in illegal drugs in Hong Kong are severe, and if you are convicted, you can expect long jail sentences and heavy fines. In Hong Kong, detained U.S. citizens have been surprised that they had been arrested for violations that would not have resulted in arrest in the United States.

Arrest notifications in Hong Kong: If you are arrested in Hong Kong, authorities of Hong Kong are required to notify the nearest U.S. embassy or consulate of your arrest. If you are concerned the Department of State may not be aware of your situation, you should request the police or prison officials to notify the U.S. Consulate General in Hong Kong of your arrest.

Languages

The official language of Hong Kong is Chinese. English is still the language of commerce, as it was the official language up until 1997. The official dialect is Yue (Cantonese) from Guangdong. Chinese written script has been standardized for centuries, but the simplified script from mainland China is beginning to become popular in Hong Kong.

Medical Facilities and Health Information

Good medical facilities are available, and there are many Western-trained physicians in Hong Kong. Prescription drugs are widely available, although they may have different names from those in the United States. Hong Kong emergency service response times for police, fire, and ambulances are good.

Air pollution is increasingly serious in Hong Kong. Congested vehicle traffic and mainland factories pump out ozone, sulfur, and nitrogen oxides, leading to a visible haze in the atmosphere on most days of the year. Average roadside pollution levels exceed WHO guidelines by 200% and continue to deteriorate, creating health risks for those with allergies, asthma, or cardiac problems.

Hong Kong remains at "Alert" response status for Pandemic Influenza.

Traffic Safety and Road Conditions

While in Hong Kong, you may encounter road conditions that differ significantly from those in the United States. About 90 percent of the population in Hong Kong depends on public transport. Taxis, buses, and the mass transit railway (MTR) are readily available, inexpensive, and generally safe. The MTR, an underground railway network, is the most popular mode of public transport, carrying an average of 3.5 million passengers a day.

In Hong Kong, traffic moves on the left. During the daytime, traffic congests Hong Kong's urban areas. Each year there are about 14,000 traffic accidents in Hong Kong involving more than 18,000 drivers, passengers, and pedestrians. Speed limits are 50 kilometers per hour (kph) (approximately 31 miles per hour (mph)) in urban areas, 80 kph (approximately 50 mph) on highways, and 110 kph (approximately 68 mph) on expressways unless otherwise marked. The use of seatbelts in vehicles, if they are so equipped, is mandatory both in the front and back seats. The maximum penalty for dangerous driving causing death can be a fine of $50,000 HK ($6,500 US), imprisonment for five years, and disqualification from driving for not fewer than two years on first conviction. If you are a driver involved in a traffic accident, you will be required to undergo alcohol-level testing. If you are found to exceed the prescribed limit of blood alcohol, you may face prosecution under Hong Kong law. The use of hand-held cellular phones while driving in Hong Kong is strictly prohibited. If you breach this law, you may be subject to a maximum fine of $2,000 HK ($260 US). However, you can use “hands-free devices,” such as headphones and speakerphones. Hong Kong law requires that all registered vehicles carry valid third-party liability insurance.

You may be issued a Hong Kong driver’s license without a test if you hold a valid U.S. driver’s license, provided you have resided in the United States at least six months. If you do not plan to stay in Hong Kong for more than 12 months you can drive in Hong Kong on your valid U.S. driver’s license. Visit the Hong Kong Transport Department online for further details.

Please refer to our Road Safety page for more information. Also, we suggest that you visit the website of the country’s Hong Kong Tourism Board and the Hong Kong Road Safety Council.

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