Glossary: Long March

DEFINITION:
The 12,500-kilometer-long trek made by the Red Army in the face of the Guomindangs ""annihilation campaigns."" Began in October 1934 in Jiangxi Province and ended in October 1935 in Shaanxi Province. Some 100,000 persons left the communist base area in Jiangxi but only about 28,000 arrived in Yanan, Chinese Communist Party headquarters for the next decade. It was during the Long March that Mao Zedong gained his preeminent role in the party.

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