Glossary: Ch'ngsan-ni Method, or Ch'ngsan-ri

A personalized, ""on-the -spot"" management method or spirit reputedly developed by Kim Il Sung in February 1960 during a visit to the Chngsan-ni Cooperative Farm in South Pyngan Province. In addition to important material incentives, the method has three main components: party and government functionaries must eschew their bureaucratic tendency of only issuing orders and directives; they must mingle with farmers and uncover and solve their problems through comradely guidance; and they should give solid technological guidance to spur efficient and productive achievement.

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