Uganda Geography

What is the terrain and geography like in Uganda?

Overview:

Uganda is located on a fertile plateau in the center of Africa at an average altitude of 4,000 feet. The plateau is bordered on the east by the Kenya Highlands and Mount Elgon (14,178 feet) and on the west by the Rwenzori Mountains (16,791 feet). It is crossed diagonally from southeast to northwest by the Nile River, which begins its journey to the Mediterranean near the town of Jinja on Lake Victoria, about 50 miles from the capital, Kampala.

Kampala has over a million residents and lies near the shores of Lake Victoria about 20 miles north of the Equator. Its altitude ranges from 3,622 to 4,500 feet. Built on a number of low-lying hills, the city is surrounded by green rolling countryside dotted with small farms. These farms grow mostly matooke bananas, cassava, and maize, the main staple foods of Uganda.

Geography - note:

landlocked; fertile, well-watered country with many lakes and rivers

Climate:

The average temperature in Kampala ranges from a high of 85 degrees F at noon to a low of 60 at night. The temperature changes more during the course of each day than it does from season to season. The hottest weather occurs from October through March.

Kampala has an annual rainfall of about 63 inches. During the rainy seasons—March to April and September to October—the weather is cooler. Frequent, heavy thunderstorms last from 30 minutes to 1 hour. It seldom rains an entire day, even during the so-called rainy seasons. Wind gusts that accompany downpours are sometimes strong enough to knock down tree limbs and even an occasional tree. Red murram dust, which can be a particular problem during dry periods, effects Kampala dwellers when venturing beyond the main asphalt roads.

Uganda Use of Natural Resources

Uganda Environment

Climate:

The average temperature in Kampala ranges from a high of 85 degrees F at noon to a low of 60 at night. The temperature changes more during the course of each day than it does from season to season. The hottest weather occurs from October through March.

Kampala has an annual rainfall of about 63 inches. During the rainy seasons—March to April and September to October—the weather is cooler. Frequent, heavy thunderstorms last from 30 minutes to 1 hour. It seldom rains an entire day, even during the so-called rainy seasons. Wind gusts that accompany downpours are sometimes strong enough to knock down tree limbs and even an occasional tree. Red murram dust, which can be a particular problem during dry periods, effects Kampala dwellers when venturing beyond the main asphalt roads.

Terrain:

mostly plateau with rim of mountains

Natural Resources:

copper, cobalt, hydropower, limestone, salt, arable land

Natural Hazards:

NA

Irrigated Land:

56 Square Miles
144 Square Kilometers

Environmental Issues:

draining of wetlands for agricultural use; deforestation; overgrazing; soil erosion; water hyacinth infestation in Lake Victoria; poaching is widespread

Environment - International Agreements:

party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Life Conservation, Ozone Layer Protection, Wetlands

signed, but not ratified: Environmental Modification

Uganda Geography

Geographic Location Africa
Total Area 93,065 Square Miles
241,038 Square Kilometers
Land Area 76,100 Square Miles
197,100 Square Kilometers
Water Area 16,964 Square Miles
43,938 Square Kilometers
Land Boundaries 1,676 Miles
2,698 Kilometers
Irrigated Land 56 Square Miles
144 Square Kilometers
Border Countries Democratic Republic of the Congo 765 km, Kenya 933 km, Rwanda 169 km, Sudan 435 km, Tanzania 396 km
Geographic Coordinates 1 00 N, 32 00 E
Terrain mostly plateau with rim of mountains
Highest Point 5,110 Meters
Highest Point Location Margherita Peak on Mount Stanley 5,110 m
Lowest Point 621 Meters
Lowest Point Location Lake Albert 621 m
Natural Resources copper, cobalt, hydropower, limestone, salt, arable land
Time Zone UTC+3 (8 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
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