Tuvalu Geography

What is the terrain and geography like in Tuvalu?

Geography - note:

one of the smallest and most remote countries on Earth; six of the nine coral atolls - Nanumea, Nui, Vaitupu, Nukufetau, Funafuti, and Nukulaelae - have lagoons open to the ocean; Nanumaya and Niutao have landlocked lagoons; Niulakita does not have a lagoon

Climate:

tropical; moderated by easterly trade winds (March to November); westerly gales and heavy rain (November to March)

Tuvalu Use of Natural Resources

Tuvalu Environment

Climate:

tropical; moderated by easterly trade winds (March to November); westerly gales and heavy rain (November to March)

Terrain:

very low-lying and narrow coral atolls

Natural Resources:

fish

Natural Hazards:

severe tropical storms are usually rare, but, in 1997, there were three cyclones; low level of islands make them very sensitive to changes in sea level

Environmental Issues:

since there are no streams or rivers and groundwater is not potable, most water needs must be met by catchment systems with storage facilities (the Japanese Government has built one desalination plant and plans to build one other); beachhead erosion because of the use of sand for building materials; excessive clearance of forest undergrowth for use as fuel; damage to coral reefs from the spread of the Crown of Thorns starfish; Tuvalu is very concerned about global increases in greenhouse gas emissions and their effect on rising sea levels, which threaten the country's underground water table; in 2000, the government appealed to Australia and New Zealand to take in Tuvaluans if rising sea levels should make evacuation necessary

Environment - International Agreements:

party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Whaling

signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

Tuvalu Geography

Geographic Location Oceania
Total Area 10 Square Miles
26 Square Kilometers
Land Area 10 Square Miles
26 Square Kilometers
Coastline 15 Miles
24 Kilometers
Geographic Coordinates 8 00 S, 178 00 E
Terrain very low-lying and narrow coral atolls
Highest Point 5 Meters
Highest Point Location unnamed location 5 m
Lowest Point Location Pacific Ocean 0 m
Natural Resources fish
Time Zone UTC+12 (17 hours ahead of Washington, DC, during Standard Time)
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