Tonga Demographics

What is the population of Tonga?

Population 106,095
Population Growth Rate 0.14%
Urban Population 23%
Population in Major Urban Areas NUKU'ALOFA 25,000
Nationality Noun Tongan(s)
Nationality Adjective Tongan
Ethnic Groups Polynesian, Europeans about 300
Languages Spoken Tongan, English
Language Note Tongan is the language used for everyday communication, while Tongan and English are both official languages. The majority of Tongans are of Polynesian descent. Tongan is spelled with a Latin script, and sounds the way it looks.

Tonga Health Information

What are the health conditions in Tonga?

Death Rate - deaths/1,000 population 4.87
Drinking Water Source - percent of rural population improved 99.4%
Drinking Water Source - percent of total population unimproved 0.7%
Drinking Water Source - percent of urban population improved 99%
Health Expenditures - percent of GDP 5.3%
Hospital Bed Density - beds/1,000 population 2.6
Infant Mortality Rate - female deaths/1,000 live births 12.34
Infant Mortality Rate - male deaths/1,000 live births 13.2
Infant Mortality Rate - total deaths/1,000 live births 12.78
Maternal Mortality Rate - deaths/100,000 live births 110
Obesity - adult prevalence rate 57.6%
Physicians Density - physicians/1,000 population .56
Sanitation Facility Access - percent of total population unimproved 8.7%
Sanitation Facility Access - percent of urban population improved 99.4%
Sanitation Facility Access - percent of rural population improved 88.9%
Total Fertility Rate - children born/woman 3.46

Tonga Life Expectancy

How long do people live in Tonga?

Life Expectancy at Birth 75 Years
Life Expectancy at Birth - female 77 Years
Life Expectancy at Birth - male 74 Years
Median Age 21 Years
Median Age - female 22 Years
Median Age - male 21 Years

Tonga Infant Mortality - per 1,000 live births

Tonga median age, birth rate and death rates

Birth Rate - births/1,000 population 24
Death Rate - deaths/1,000 population 4.87
Median Age 21 Years
Median Age - female 22 Years
Median Age - male 21 Years
Net Migration Rate - migrant(s)/1,000 population -17.87
Population Growth Rate 0.14%
Sex Ratio 0-14 Years - male/female 1.03
Sex Ratio 15-24 Years - male/female 1.05
Sex Ratio 25-54 Years - male/female 1
Sex Ratio 55-64 Years - male/female 1.01
Sex Ratio at Birth - male/female 1.03
Sex Ratio of Total Population - male/female 1.01
Sex Ratio Over 64 Years - male/female .86

Tonga Medical Information

What are the health conditions in Tonga?

Medical Facilities and Health Information

Medical facilities, including medications, in Tonga are extremely limited. The cities of Nuku'alofa and Neiafu have hospitals with limited emergency and outpatient facilities. Local residents and visitors with serious medical problems are often referred to New Zealand for treatment. For additional information on medical visas for New Zealand, contact the Embassy of New Zealand, 37 Observatory Circle NW, Washington, DC 20008, (202) 328-4800 or the Consulate General in Los Angeles (310) 207-1605. Serious medical conditions requiring hospitalization and/or medical evacuation to the United States can cost thousands of dollars. Doctors and hospitals often expect immediate cash payment for health services.

Tonga Education

What is school like in Tonga?

Education Expenditures - percent of GDP 3.9%
Literacy - female 99%
Literacy - male 98.8%
Literacy - total population 98.9%
Literacy Definition can read and write Tongan and/or English
School Life Expectancy - female 14 Years
School Life Expectancy - male 13 Years
Total School Life Expectancy - (primary to tertiary) 14 Years

Tonga Literacy

Can people in Tonga read?

Literacy - female 99%
Literacy - male 98.8%
Literacy - total population 98.9%
Literacy Definition can read and write Tongan and/or English
Predominant Language Tongan, English

Tonga Crime

Is Tonga a safe place to visit?

Crime Information

Although Tonga has a low crime rate, there has been a recent rise in house break-ins and property theft. Though rare, sexual assaults against foreigners have occurred, including on public beaches. Females in particular should avoid going out alone at night or alone to isolated locations. You should not be complacent regarding your personal safety or the protection of your valuables.

Don’t buy counterfeit and pirated goods, even if they are widely available. Not only are the bootlegs illegal in the United States, if you purchase them you may also be breaking local law.

The Tonga equivalent numbers to the U.S. “911” emergency lines are: 911, which connects to the Tonga Telecommunications emergency operators; 922, which connects directly to the police; and 933, which connects directly to the hospital. U.S. citizens requiring immediate emergency services in Tonga should call one of these emergency contact numbers.

Tonga Penalties for Crime

Criminal Penalties

While you are traveling in the Kingdom of Tonga, you are subject to its laws even if you are a U.S. citizen. Foreign laws and legal systems can be vastly different than our own. You may be taken in for questioning if you don’t have your passport with you. It is illegal to take pictures of certain buildings. Driving under the influence could land you immediately in jail. There are also some things that might be legal in the country you visit, but still illegal in the United States, and you can be prosecuted under U.S. law if you buy pirated goods. Engaging in sexual conduct with children or using or disseminating child pornography in a foreign country is a crime prosecutable in the United States. If you break local laws in Tonga, your U.S. passport won’t help you avoid arrest or prosecution. It’s very important to know what’s legal and what’s not where you are going.

While some countries will automatically notify the nearest U.S. embassy or consulate if a U.S. citizen is detained or arrested in a foreign country, that might not always be the case. To ensure that the United States is aware of your circumstances, request that the police and prison officials notify the nearest U.S. embassy or consulate as soon as you are arrested or detained overseas.

Tonga Population Comparison

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