Singapore Geography

What is the terrain and geography like in Singapore?

Overview:

The Republic of Singapore is a small city/state island located at the tip of the Malay Peninsula, 85 miles north of the Equator. It is a flat country of 250 square miles (641 square miles) with a maximum elevation of 581 feet. At its widest points it measures 26 miles from east to west and 14 miles north to south.

Geography - note:

focal point for Southeast Asian sea routes

Climate:

Vegetation is lush and tropical. Seasons are nonexistent. In this "Land of Eternal Summer," the mean high temperature is 90ºF and varies little from month to month. Humidity is high (average 70%) and annual rainfall is about 96 inches. Wet and dry seasons are not distinct, but November through February is wetter and cooler than other months.

Singapore Use of Natural Resources

Singapore Environment

Climate:

Vegetation is lush and tropical. Seasons are nonexistent. In this "Land of Eternal Summer," the mean high temperature is 90ºF and varies little from month to month. Humidity is high (average 70%) and annual rainfall is about 96 inches. Wet and dry seasons are not distinct, but November through February is wetter and cooler than other months.

Terrain:

lowland; gently undulating central plateau contains water catchment area and nature preserve

Natural Resources:

fish, deepwater ports

Natural Hazards:

NA

Environmental Issues:

industrial pollution; limited natural fresh water resources; limited land availability presents waste disposal problems; seasonal smoke/haze resulting from forest fires in Indonesia

Environment - International Agreements:

party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution

signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

Singapore Geography

Geographic Location Southeast Asia
Total Area 269 Square Miles
697 Square Kilometers
Land Area 265 Square Miles
687 Square Kilometers
Water Area 4 Square Miles
10 Square Kilometers
Coastline 120 Miles
193 Kilometers
Geographic Coordinates 1 22 N, 103 48 E
Terrain lowland; gently undulating central plateau contains water catchment area and nature preserve
Highest Point 166 Meters
Highest Point Location Bukit Timah 166 m
Lowest Point Location Singapore Strait 0 m
Natural Resources fish, deepwater ports
Time Zone UTC+8 (13 hours ahead of Washington, DC, during Standard Time)
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