UTC+13 (18 hours ahead of Washington, DC, during Standard Time)
Samoa's proximity to the Equator results in hot and humid conditions throughout most of the year. There are two distinct seasons, the dry season (winter) between May and October and the wet season (summer) between November and April. The average annual temperature is 26.5 °C in coastal areas, with a decrease in temperature as the land rises inland. Southeasterly trade winds make April to October the more pleasant months. Samoa lies in the cyclone belt and is periodically buffeted and bruised by cyclones, the majority of which occur between November and April.
Samoan is probably the oldest Polynesian language, and it is the official language of both Independent Samoa and American Samoa. English is the second official language. Samoans are proud of their language.
Samoan (Polynesian), English
Samoan 92.6%, Euronesians 7% (persons of European and Polynesian blood), Europeans 0.4%
Independence Day Celebration, 1 June (1962); note - 1 January 1962 is the date of independence from the New Zealand-administered UN trusteeship; it is observed in June
13 35 S, 172 20 W
Oceania, group of islands in the South Pacific Ocean, about half way between Hawaii and New Zealand