Netherlands Geography

What is the terrain and geography like in Netherlands?

Overview:

The Netherlands is situated in Northwest Europe,reclaimed in part from the waters of the North Sea, The Netherlands is an artificially created land, half of which lies at or below sea level. The country possesses a flat terrain compromising mostly of coastal lowland, farmland, grassy dunes, and sandy beaches. The country is crisscrossed by numerous rivers and canals.

Geography - note:

located at mouths of three major European rivers (Rhine, Maas or Meuse, and Schelde)

Climate:

The Netherlands lies in the temperate zone of the Northern Hemisphere, and for the most part possesses a maritime climate. The summers are cool while winters are quite cold. The warmest months fall between July and September with temperatures ranging from 60-75°F. The winter months are long and dreary with strong winds and some snow. Temperatures range from 20-35°F. Due to the proximity of the sea, rain is quite common and spread pretty evenly all year round.

Netherlands Use of Natural Resources

Netherlands Environment

Climate:

The Netherlands lies in the temperate zone of the Northern Hemisphere, and for the most part possesses a maritime climate. The summers are cool while winters are quite cold. The warmest months fall between July and September with temperatures ranging from 60-75°F. The winter months are long and dreary with strong winds and some snow. Temperatures range from 20-35°F. Due to the proximity of the sea, rain is quite common and spread pretty evenly all year round.

Terrain:

mostly coastal lowland and reclaimed land (polders); some hills in southeast

Natural Resources:

natural gas, petroleum, peat, limestone, salt, sand and gravel, arable land

Natural Hazards:

flooding

Irrigated Land:

1,765 Square Miles
4,572 Square Kilometers

Environmental Issues:

Water pollution in the form of heavy metals, organic compounds, and nutrients such as nitrates and phosphates; air pollution from vehicles and refining activities; acid rain.

Environment - International Agreements:

party to: Air Pollution, Air Pollution-Nitrogen Oxides, Air Pollution-Persistent Organic Pollutants, Air Pollution-Sulfur 85, Air Pollution-Sulfur 94, Air Pollution-Volatile Organic Compounds, Antarctic-Environmental Protocol, Antarctic-Marine Living Resources, Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Marine Life Conservation, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands, Whaling

signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

Netherlands Geography

Geographic Location Europe
Total Area 16,040 Square Miles
41,543 Square Kilometers
Land Area 13,086 Square Miles
33,893 Square Kilometers
Water Area 2,954 Square Miles
7,650 Square Kilometers
Land Boundaries 638 Miles
1,027 Kilometers
Irrigated Land 1,765 Square Miles
4,572 Square Kilometers
Border Countries Belgium 450 km, Germany 577 km
Coastline 280 Miles
451 Kilometers
Geographic Coordinates 52 30 N, 5 45 E
Terrain mostly coastal lowland and reclaimed land (polders); some hills in southeast
Highest Point 322 Meters
Highest Point Location Vaalserberg 322 m
Lowest Point -7 Meters
Lowest Point Location Zuidplaspolder -7 m
Natural Resources natural gas, petroleum, peat, limestone, salt, sand and gravel, arable land
Time Zone UTC+1 (6 hours ahead of Washington, DC, during Standard Time)

note: time descriptions apply to the continental Netherlands only, not to the Caribbean components
Daylight saving time +1hr, begins last Sunday in March; ends last Sunday in October
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