Montserrat Government

What is the capital of Montserrat?

Country Name Montserrat
Full Country Name none
Etymology- history of name island named by explorer Christopher COLUMBUS in 1493 after the Benedictine abbey Santa Maria de Montserrat, near Barcelona, Spain
Government Type parliamentary democracy (Legislative Council); self-governing overseas territory of the UK
Capital Name name: Plymouth; note - Plymouth was abandoned in 1997 because of volcanic activity; interim government buildings have been built at Brades Estate in the Carr's Bay/Little Bay vicinity at the northwest end of Montserrat
Capital - geographic coordinate 16 42 N, 62 13 W
Capital Time Difference UTC-4 (1 hour ahead of Washington, DC, during Standard Time)
Independence none (overseas territory of the UK)
National Holiday birthday of Queen ELIZABETH II, second Saturday in June (1926)
Constitution previous 1960; latest effective 1 September 2010; amended 2011
Dependency Status overseas territory of the UK

Montserrat Capital City Map

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Montserrat Government and Politics

Who is the president of Montserrat?

Executive Branch:

chief of state: Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 February 1952); represented by Governor Andrew PEARCE (since 1 February 2018)

head of government: Premier Easton TAYLOR-FARRELL (since 19 November 2019); note - effective with The Constitution Order 2010, effective October 2010, the office of premier replaced the office of chief minister

cabinet: Executive Council consists of the governor, the premier, 3 other ministers, the attorney general, and the finance secretary

elections/appointments: the monarchy is hereditary; governor appointed by the monarch; following legislative elections, the leader of the majority party usually becomes premier

Citizenship Criteria:

see United Kingdom

Legal System:

English common law

Suffrage:

18 years of age; universal

Legislative Branch:

description: unicameral Legislative Assembly (11 seats; 9 members directly elected in a single constituency by absolute majority vote in 2 rounds to serve 5-year terms and 2 ex-officio members - the attorney general and financial secretary)

elections: last held on 18 November 2019 (next scheduled for 2024)

election results: percent of vote by party - MCAP 42.7%, PDM 29.9%, other 17.1%; seats by party - MCAP 5, PDM 3, independent 1

Judicial Branch:

highest court(s): the Eastern Caribbean Supreme Court (ECSC) is the itinerant superior court of record for the 9-member Organization of Eastern Caribbean States to include Montserrat; the ECSC - with its headquarters on St. Lucia - is headed by the chief justice and is comprised of the Court of Appeal with 3 justices and the High Court with 16 judges; sittings of the Court of Appeal and High Court rotate among the 9 member states; 1 judge of the Supreme Court is a resident of Montserrat and presides over the High Court; note - Montserrat is also a member of the Caribbean Court of Justice

judge selection and term of office: chief justice of Eastern Caribbean Supreme Court appointed by the Her Majesty, Queen ELIZABETH II; other justices and judges appointed by the Judicial and Legal Services Commission, and independent body of judicial officials; Court of Appeal justices appointed for life with mandatory retirement at age 65; High Court judges appointed for life with mandatory retirement at age 62

subordinate courts: magistrate's court

Regions or States:

3 parishes; Saint Anthony, Saint Georges, Saint Peter

Political Parties and Leaders:

Movement for Change and Prosperity or MCAP [Reuben MEADE]

People's Democratic Movement or PDM [Shirley OSBORNE]

International Organization Participation:

Caricom, CDB, Interpol (subbureau), OECS, UPU

Diplomatic Representation in the US:

none (overseas territory of the UK)

Diplomatic Representation from US:

none (overseas territory of the UK)

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