Monaco Economy

Is Monaco a rich country?

Monaco, bordering France on the Mediterranean coast, is a popular resort, attracting tourists to its casino and pleasant climate. The principality also is a banking center and has successfully sought to diversify into services and small, high-value-added, nonpolluting industries. The state retains monopolies in a number of sectors, including tobacco, the telephone network, and the postal service. Living standards are high, roughly comparable to those in prosperous French metropolitan areas.

The state has no income tax and low business taxes and thrives as a tax haven both for individuals who have established residence and for foreign companies that have set up businesses and offices. Monaco, however, is not a tax-free shelter; it charges nearly 20% value-added tax, collects stamp duties, and companies face a 33% tax on profits unless they can show that three-quarters of profits are generated within the principality. Monaco was formally removed from the OECD's "grey list" of uncooperative tax jurisdictions in late 2009, but continues to face international pressure to abandon its banking secrecy laws and help combat tax evasion. In October 2014, Monaco officially became the 84th jurisdiction participating in the OECD’s Multilateral Convention on Mutual Administrative Assistance in Tax Matters, an effort to combat offshore tax avoidance and evasion.

Monaco's reliance on tourism and banking for its economic growth has left it vulnerable to downturns in France and other European economies which are the principality's main trade partners. In 2009, Monaco's GDP fell by 11.5% as the euro-zone crisis precipitated a sharp drop in tourism and retail activity and home sales. A modest recovery ensued in 2010 and intensified in 2013, with GDP growth of more than 9%, but Monaco's economic prospects remain uncertain.

Monaco Economy Data

What is the GDP of Monaco?

Currency Name and Code Euro (EUR)
GDP - Gross Domestic Product (PPP) $6,790,000,000 (USD)
GDP - official exchange rate $6,063,000,000 (USD)
GDP - real growth rate 9.3%
GDP Per Capita $78,700.00 (USD)
GDP by Sector- Industry 14%
GDP by Sector- services 86%
Inflation Rate 1.9%
Labor Force 44,000
Labor Force By Occupation- industry 16.1%
Labor Force By Occupation- services 83.9%
Fiscal Year calendar year
Annual Budget $863,000,000 (USD)
Budget Surplus or Deficit - percent of GDP -1.2%
Taxes and other revenues - percent of GDP 18.2%
Major Industries tourism, construction, small-scale industrial and consumer products
Agriculture Products none
Exchange Rate per US Dollar euro (EUR)

Labor Force by Occupation- As reported by Monaco

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