Travel Alert Status
Level 4: Do Not Travel
UTC-5 (same time as Washington, DC during Standard Time)
Colombia's climate varies with its different altitudes. Its three climatic zones are called: "hot country," "temperate country," and "cold country." Columbia is tropical along the coast and eastern plains; cooler in the highlands.
Most Colombians speak Spanish, which is the official language. Among eighty indigenous groups at least forty languages are spoken.
mestizo 58%, white 20%, mulatto 14%, black 4%, mixed black-Amerindian 3%, Amerindian 1%
Independence Day, 20 July (1810)
4 00 N, 72 00 W
Northern South America, bordering the Caribbean Sea, between Panama and Venezuela, and bordering the North Pacific Ocean, between Ecuador and Panama