Bhutan Geography

What is the terrain and geography like in Bhutan?

Geography - note:

landlocked; strategic location between China and India; controls several key Himalayan mountain passes

Climate:

varies; tropical in southern plains; cool winters and hot summers in central valleys; severe winters and cool summers in Himalayas

Bhutan Use of Natural Resources

Bhutan Environment

Climate:

varies; tropical in southern plains; cool winters and hot summers in central valleys; severe winters and cool summers in Himalayas

Terrain:

mostly mountainous with some fertile valleys and savanna

Natural Resources:

timber, hydropower, gypsum, calcium carbide

Natural Hazards:

violent storms from the Himalayas are the source of the country's name which translates as Land of the Thunder Dragon; frequent landslides during the rainy season

Irrigated Land:

123 Square Miles
319 Square Kilometers

Environmental Issues:

soil erosion; limited access to potable water

Environment - International Agreements:

party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Ozone Layer Protection

signed, but not ratified: Law of the Sea

Bhutan Geography

Geographic Location Asia
Total Area 14,824 Square Miles
38,394 Square Kilometers
Land Area 14,824 Square Miles
38,394 Square Kilometers
Land Boundaries 668 Miles
1,075 Kilometers
Irrigated Land 123 Square Miles
319 Square Kilometers
Border Countries China 470 km, India 605 km
Geographic Coordinates 27 30 N, 90 30 E
Terrain mostly mountainous with some fertile valleys and savanna
Highest Point 7,553 Meters
Highest Point Location Kula Kangri 7,553 m
Lowest Point 97 Meters
Lowest Point Location Drangme Chhu 97 m
Natural Resources timber, hydropower, gypsum, calcium carbide
Time Zone UTC+6 (11 hours ahead of Washington, DC, during Standard Time)
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