|Medical Facilities and Health Information||
Medical facilities in São Tomé and Príncipe are extremely limited. There is one hospital in the country on the island of São Tomé, Hospital Central Ayres de Menezes, phone number 239 2-221-222. A few clinics also exist, but the service provided is very basic. For all but minor medical needs, it is necessary to travel to Libreville (Gabon), Lisbon (Portugal), or elsewhere. You should carry an ample supply of properly-labeled prescription drugs and other medications with you; an adequate supply of prescription or over-the-counter drugs in local stores or pharmacies is generally not available.
Cerebral malaria is endemic in all areas of São Tomé and Príncipe. Travelers should discuss prophylaxis with a physician well before planned travel as some prophylactic medications must be started two weeks before arriving in a malarial zone. Even with prophylaxis you should familiarize yourself with the symptoms of malaria and seek medical treatment immediately if you experience symptoms.
Tap water may not be potable and you should drink and cook with bottled water only. Schistosomiasis, also known as bilharzia, is endemic to São Tomé and Príncipe. Schistosomiasisis a parasite that can penetrate intact skin of those swimming or bathing in fresh water from lakes, rivers and streams. It is recommended to avoid contact with untreated fresh water to prevent schistosomiasis infection.
Tuberculosis (TB) is an increasingly serious health concern in São Tomé and Príncipe.
|Drinking Water Source - percent of rural population improved||93.6%|
|Drinking Water Source - percent of total population unimproved||3%|
|Drinking Water Source - percent of urban population improved||98.9%|
|Hospital Bed Density - beds/1,000 population||2.9|
|Physicians Density - physicians/1,000 population||.49|
|Sanitation Facility Access - percent of total population unimproved||65.6%|
|Sanitation Facility Access - percent of urban population improved||40.8%|
|Sanitation Facitlity Access - percent of rural population improved||23.3%|
|Major Infectious Diseases - degree of risk||high|
|Food or Waterborne Disease (s)||bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever|
|Vectorborne Disease (s)||malaria and dengue fever|
|Water contact disease (s)||schistosomiasis|
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