Bahamas Government

What is the capital of Bahamas?

Country Name The Bahamas
Full Country Name Commonwealth of The Bahamas
Etymology- history of name Name derives from the Spanish "baha mar," meaning "shallow sea," which describes the shallow waters of the Bahama Bank
Government Type Parliamentary democracy (Parliament) under a constitutional monarchy; a Commonwealth realm
Capital Name Nassau
Capital - geographic coordinate 25 05 N, 77 21 W
Capital Time Difference UTC-5 (same time as Washington, DC during Standard Time)
Daylight Savings Time +1hr, begins second Sunday in March; ends first Sunday in November
Independence 10 July 1973 (from the UK)
National Holiday Independence Day, 10 July (1973)
Constitution Previous 1964 (pre-independence); latest adopted 20 June 1973, effective 10 July 1973; amended many times, last in 2016

Bahamas Capital City Map

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Bahamas Government and Politics

Who is the president of Bahamas?

Executive Branch: Chief of State: Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 February 1952); represented by Governor General Cornelius A. SMITH (since 28 June 2019)

Head of Government: Prime Minister Hubert MINNIS (since 11 May 2017)

Cabinet: Cabinet appointed by governor general on the recommendation of prime minister

Elections/Appointments: the monarchy is hereditary; governor general is appointed by the monarch on the advice of the prime minister; following legislative elections, the leader of the majority party or majority coalition is usually appointed prime minister by the governor general; the prime minister recommends the deputy prime minister

Note: Prime Minister Hubert MINNIS is only the fourth prime minister in Bahamian history following its independence from the UK; he is also the first prime minister in 25 years besides Perry CHRISTIE and Hubert INGRAHAM, who repeatedly traded the premiership from 1992 to 2017
Citizenship Criteria: Citizenship by Birth: no

Citizenship by Descent Only: at least one parent must be a citizen of The Bahamas

Dual Citizenship Recognized: no

Residency Requirement for Naturalization: 6-9 years
Legal System: Common law system based on the English model
Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal
Legislative Branch: Description: bicameral Parliament consists of:

Senate (16 seats; members appointed by the governor general upon the advice of the prime minister and the opposition leader to serve 5-year terms)

House of Assembly (39 seats; members directly elected in single-seat constituencies by a simple majority vote to serve 5-year terms)


Senate - last appointments on 24 May 2017 (next appointments in 2022)

House of Assembly - last held on 10 May 2017 (next to be held by May 2022)

Election Results:

Senate - appointed; composition - men 9, women 7, percent of women 43.8%

House of Assembly - percent of vote by party - FNM 57%, PLP 36.9%, other 6.1%; seats by party - FNM 35, PLP 4; composition - men 34, women 5, percent of women 12.8%; note - total Parliament percent of women 21.8%

Note: the government may dissolve the parliament and call elections at any time
Judicial Branch: Highest Resident Court(s): Court of Appeal (consists of the court president and 4 justices, organized in 3-member panels); Supreme Court (consists of the chief justice and a maximum of 11 and a minimum of 2 justices)

Note: as of 2008, the Bahamas was not a party to the agreement establishing the Caribbean Court of Justice as the highest appellate court for the 15-member Caribbean Community (CARICOM); the Judicial Committee of the Privy Council (in London) serves as the final court of appeal for The Bahamas

Judge Selection and Term of Office: Court of Appeal president and Supreme Court chief justice appointed by the governor-general on the advice of the prime minister after consultation with the leader of the opposition party; other Court of Appeal and Supreme Court justices appointed by the governor general upon recommendation of the Judicial and Legal Services Commission, a 5-member body headed by the chief justice; Court of Appeal justices appointed for life with mandatory retirement normally at age 68 but can be extended until age 70; Supreme Court justices appointed for life with mandatory retirement normally at age 65 but can be extended until age 67

Subordinate Courts: Industrial Tribunal; Stipendiary and Magistrates' Courts; Family Island Administrators
Regions or States: 31 districts; Acklins Islands, Berry Islands, Bimini, Black Point, Cat Island, Central Abaco, Central Andros, Central Eleuthera, City of Freeport, Crooked Island and Long Cay, East Grand Bahama, Exuma, Grand Cay, Harbour Island, Hope Town, Inagua, Long Island, Mangrove Cay, Mayaguana, Moore's Island, North Abaco, North Andros, North Eleuthera, Ragged Island, Rum Cay, San Salvador, South Abaco, South Andros, South Eleuthera, Spanish Wells, West Grand Bahama
Political Parties and Leaders: Democratic National Alliance or DNA [Branville MCCARTNEY]

Free National Movement or FNM [Hubert MINNIS]

Progressive Liberal Party or PLP [Philip "Brave" DAVIS]
International Law Organization Participation: Has not submitted an ICJ jurisdiction declaration; non-party state to the ICCt
International Organization Participation: ACP, AOSIS, C, Caricom, CDB, CELAC, FAO, G-77, IADB, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC (NGOs), ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, IMSO, Interpol, IOC, IOM, ISO (correspondent), ITSO, ITU, LAES, MIGA, NAM, OAS, OPANAL, OPCW, Petrocaribe, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UNWTO, UPU, WCO, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO (observer)
Diplomatic Representation in the US: Chief of Mission: Ambassador Sidney Stanley COLLIE (since 20 November 2017)

Chancery: 2220 Massachusetts Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20008

Telephone: [1] (202) 319-2660

FAX: [1] (202) 319-2668

Consulate(s) General: Atlanta, Miami, New York
Diplomatic Representation from US: Chief of Mission: Ambassador (vacant); Charge d' Affaires Lisa A. JOHNSON (since 9 July 2014)

Embassy: 42 Queen Street, Nassau, New Providence

Mailing Address: local or express mail address: P. O. Box N-8197, Nassau; US Department of State, 3370 Nassau Place, Washington, DC 20521-3370

Telephone: [1] (242) 322-1181, 328-2206 (after hours)

FAX: [1] (242) 356-7174
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