North Macedonia Government

What is the capital of North Macedonia?

Country Name North Macedonia
Full Country Name Republic of North Macedonia
Local - Long Republika Severna Makedonija
Local - Short Severna Makedonija
Former Name Democratic Federal Macedonia, People's Republic of Macedonia, Socialist Republic of Macedonia, Republic of Macedonia
Etymology- history of name the country name derives from the ancient kingdom of Macedon (7th to 2nd centuries B.C.)
Government Type parliamentary republic
Capital Name Skopje
Capital - geographic coordinate 42 00 N, 21 26 E
Capital Time Difference UTC+1 (6 hours ahead of Washington, DC, during Standard Time)
Daylight Savings Time +1hr, begins last Sunday in March; ends last Sunday in October
Independence 8 September 1991 (referendum by registered voters endorsed independence from Yugoslavia)
National Holiday Independence Day, 8 September (1991), also known as National Day
Constitution history: several previous (since 1944); latest adopted 17 November 1991, effective 20 November 1991

amendments: proposed by the president of the republic, by the government, by at least 30 members of the Assembly, or by petition of at least 150,000 citizens; final approval requires a two-thirds majority vote by the Assembly; amended several times, last in 2019; this amendment was the result of the 2018 Prespa Agreement with Greece, in which the constitutional name of the country would be modified to Republic of North Macedonia in exchange for assurances that Greece would no longer object to its integration in international organizations; note - a referendum on amendments to the constitution is expected in 2024

North Macedonia Capital City Map

Source: Google Maps

North Macedonia Government and Politics

Who is the president of North Macedonia?

Executive Branch: chief of state: President Stevo PENDAROVSKI (since 12 May 2019)

head of government: Caretaker Prime Minister Talat XHAFERI (since 28 January 2024)

cabinet: Council of Ministers elected by the Assembly by simple majority vote

elections/appointments: president directly elected using a modified 2-round system; a candidate can only be elected in the first round with an absolute majority from all registered voters; in the second round, voter turnout must be at least 40% for the result to be deemed valid; president elected for a 5-year term (eligible for a second term); election last held on 21 April and 5 May 2019 (next to be held in 2024); following legislative elections, the leader of the majority party or majority coalition is usually elected prime minister by the Assembly

election results: 2024: Talat XHAFERI elected caretaker Prime Minister; Assembly vote - 65 for (opposition boycott)

2022: Dimitar KOVACEVSKI elected Prime Minister; Assembly vote - NA

2019: Stevo PENDAROVSKI elected president in second round; percent of vote in first round - Stevo PENDAROVSKI (SDSM) 44.8%, Gordana SILJANOVSKA-DAVKOVA (VMRO-DPMNE) 44.2%, Blerim REKA (independent) 11.1%; percent of vote in second round - Stevo PENDAROVSKI 53.6%, Gordana SILJANOVSKA-DAVKOVA 46.4%
Citizenship Criteria: citizenship by birth: no

citizenship by descent only: at least one parent must be a citizen of North Macedonia

dual citizenship recognized: no

residency requirement for naturalization: 8 years
Legal System: civil law system; judicial review of legislative acts
Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal
Legislative Branch: description: unicameral Assembly - Sobranie in Macedonian, Kuvend in Albanian (between 120 and 140 seats, currently 120; members directly elected in multi-seat constituencies by closed-list proportional representation vote; possibility of 3 directly elected in diaspora constituencies by simple majority vote provided there is sufficient voter turnout; members serve 4-year terms)

elections: last held on 15 July 2020 (next to be held on 8 May 2024)

election results: percent of vote by party/coalition - We Can! 35.9%, Renewal 34.6%, BDI 11.5%, AfA-Alternative 9%, The Left 4.1%, PDSH 1.5%, other 3.4%; seats by party/coalition - We Can! 46, Renewal 44, BDI 15, AfA-Alternative 12, The Left 2, PDSH 1; composition - men 70, women 50, percent of women 41.7%
Judicial Branch: highest court(s): Supreme Court (consists of 22 judges); Constitutional Court (consists of 9 judges)

judge selection and term of office: Supreme Court judges nominated by the Judicial Council, a 7-member body of legal professionals, and appointed by the Assembly; judge tenure NA; Constitutional Court judges appointed by the Assembly for nonrenewable, 9-year terms

subordinate courts: Courts of Appeal; Basic Courts
Regions or States: 80 municipalities (opstini, singular - opstina) and 1 city* (grad); Aracinovo, Berovo, Bitola, Bogdanci, Bogovinje, Bosilovo, Brvenica, Caska, Centar Zupa, Cesinovo-Oblesevo, Cucer Sandevo, Debar, Debarca, Delcevo, Demir Hisar, Demir Kapija, Dojran, Dolneni, Gevgelija, Gostivar, Gradsko, Ilinden, Jegunovce, Karbinci, Kavadarci, Kicevo, Kocani, Konce, Kratovo, Kriva Palanka, Krivogastani, Krusevo, Kumanovo, Lipkovo, Lozovo, Makedonska Kamenica, Makedonski Brod, Mavrovo i Rostuse, Mogila, Negotino, Novaci, Novo Selo, Ohrid, Pehcevo, Petrovec, Plasnica, Prilep, Probistip, Radovis, Rankovce, Resen, Rosoman, Skopje*, Sopiste, Staro Nagoricane, Stip, Struga, Strumica, Studenicani, Sveti Nikole, Tearce, Tetovo, Valandovo, Vasilevo, Veles, Vevcani, Vinica, Vrapciste, Zelenikovo, Zelino, Zrnovci. The Greater Skopje area is comprised of 10 municipalities: Aerodrom, Butel, Centar, Chair, Gazi Baba, Gjorce Petrov, Karposh, Kisela Voda, Saraj, and Shuto Orizari.
Political Parties and Leaders: Alliance for Albanians or AfA or ASH [Arben TARAVARI]

Alternative (Alternativa) or AAA [Afrim GASHI]

Besa Movement or BESA [Bilal KASAMI]

Citizen Option for Macedonia or GROM [Stefcho JAKIMOVSKI]

Democratic Alliance or DS [Pavle TRAJANOV]

Democratic Movement or LD [Izet MEXHITI]

Democratic Party of Albanians or PDSH [Menduh THACI]

Democratic Party of Serbs or DPSM [Ivan STOILJKOVIC]

Democratic Renewal of Macedonia or DOM [Maja MORACHANIN]

Democratic Union for Integration or BDI [Ali AHMETI]

European Democratic Party or PDE [Arianit HOXHA]

Internal Macedonian Revolutionary Organization - Democratic Party for Macedonian National Unity or VMRO-DPMNE [Hristijan MICKOSKI]

Internal Macedonian Revolutionary Organization - People's Party or VMRO-NP [Ljubco GEORGIEVSKI]

Liberal Democratic Party or LDP [Monika ZAJKOVA]

New Social-Democratic Party or NSDP [Goran MISOVSKI]

Social Democratic Union of Macedonia or SDSM [Dimitar KOVACHEVSKI]

Socialist Party of Macedonia or SPM [Ljupcho DIMOVSKI]

Srpska Stranka in Macedonia or SSM [Miroslav JOVANOVIC]

The Left (Levica) [Dimitar APASIEV]

The People Movement or LP [Skender REXHEPI]

Turkish Democratic Party or TDP [Beycan ILYAS]

Turkish Movement Party or THP [Enes IBRAHIM]

We Can! (coalition includes SDSM/BESA/VMRO-NP, DPT, LDP)
International Law Organization Participation: has not submitted an ICJ jurisdiction declaration; accepts ICCt jurisdiction

note: North Macedonia is an EU candidate country whose satisfactory completion of accession criteria is required before being granted full EU membership
Diplomatic Representation in the US: chief of mission: Ambassador Zoran POPOV (since 16 September 2022)

chancery: 2129 Wyoming Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20008

telephone: [1] (202) 667-0501

FAX: [1] (202) 667-2131

email address and website:

consulate(s) general: Chicago, Detroit, New York
Diplomatic Representation from US: chief of mission: Ambassador Angela AGGELER (since 8 November 2022)

embassy: Str. Samoilova, Nr. 21, 1000 Skopje

mailing address: 7120 Skopje Place, Washington, DC 20521-7120

telephone: [389] (2) 310-2000

FAX: [389] (2) 310-2499

email address and website:
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