Korea, North Geography

What is the terrain and geography like in Korea, North?

Geography - note:

strategic location bordering China, South Korea, and Russia; mountainous interior is isolated and sparsely populated

Climate:

temperate with rainfall concentrated in summer

Korea, North Use of Natural Resources

Korea, North Environment

Climate:

temperate with rainfall concentrated in summer

Terrain:

mostly hills and mountains separated by deep, narrow valleys; coastal plains wide in west, discontinuous in east

Natural Resources:

coal, lead, tungsten, zinc, graphite, magnesite, iron ore, copper, gold, pyrites, salt, fluorspar, hydropower

Natural Hazards:

late spring droughts often followed by severe flooding; occasional typhoons during the early fall

Irrigated Land:

5,637 Square Miles
14,600 Square Kilometers

Environmental Issues:

water pollution; inadequate supplies of potable water; water-borne disease; deforestation; soil erosion and degradation

Environment - International Agreements:

party to: Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution

signed, but not ratified: Law of the Sea

Korea, North Geography

Geographic Location Asia
Total Area 46,540 Square Miles
120,538 Square Kilometers
Land Area 46,490 Square Miles
120,408 Square Kilometers
Water Area 50 Square Miles
130 Square Kilometers
Land Boundaries 1,039 Miles
1,672 Kilometers
Irrigated Land 5,637 Square Miles
14,600 Square Kilometers
Border Countries China 1,416 km, South Korea 238 km, Russia 19 km
Coastline 1,550 Miles
2,495 Kilometers
Geographic Coordinates 40 00 N, 127 00 E
Terrain mostly hills and mountains separated by deep, narrow valleys; coastal plains wide in west, discontinuous in east
Highest Point 2,744 Meters
Highest Point Location Paektu-san 2,744 m
Lowest Point Location Sea of Japan 0 m
Natural Resources coal, lead, tungsten, zinc, graphite, magnesite, iron ore, copper, gold, pyrites, salt, fluorspar, hydropower
Time Zone UTC+8.5 (13.5 hours ahead of Washington, DC, during Standard Time)

note: on 15 August 2015, North Korea reverted to UTC+8.5, a time zone that had been observed during pre-colonial times
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