Eswatini Demographics

What is the population of Eswatini?

Population 1,104,479
Population - note note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected
Population Growth Rate 1.17%
Urban Population 21.2%
Population in Major Urban Areas MBABANE (capital) 66,000
Nationality Noun Swazi(s)
Nationality Adjective Swazi
Ethnic Groups African 97%, European 3%
Languages Spoken English (official, government business conducted in English), siSwati (official)

Eswatini Health Information

What are the health conditions in Eswatini?

Contraceptive Prevalence Rate - female 15-49 65.2%
Death Rate - deaths/1,000 population 13.95
Drinking Water Source - percent of rural population improved 68.9%
Drinking Water Source - percent of total population unimproved 25.9%
Drinking Water Source - percent of urban population improved 93.6%
Food or Waterborne Disease (s) bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
Health Expenditures - percent of GDP 8%
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate 25.9%
HIV/Aids Deaths 5,500
Hospital Bed Density - beds/1,000 population 2.1
Infant Mortality Rate - female deaths/1,000 live births 53.04
Infant Mortality Rate - male deaths/1,000 live births 61.21
Infant Mortality Rate - total deaths/1,000 live births 57.19
Major Infectious Diseases - degree of risk intermediate
Maternal Mortality Rate - deaths/100,000 live births 320
Mean Age for Mother's First Birth 19.5
Obesity - adult prevalence rate 19.7%
People Living with HIV/AIDS 180,000
Physicians Density - physicians/1,000 population .17
Sanitation Facility Access - percent of total population unimproved 42.5%
Sanitation Facility Access - percent of urban population improved 63.1%
Sanitation Facility Access - percent of rural population improved 56%
Total Fertility Rate - children born/woman 2.96
Underweight - percent of children under five years 5.8%
Vectorborne Disease (s) malaria
Water contact disease (s) schistosomiasis

Eswatini Life Expectancy

How long do people live in Eswatini?

Life Expectancy at Birth 50 Years
Life Expectancy at Birth - female 49 Years
Life Expectancy at Birth - male 50 Years
Median Age 20 Years
Median Age - female 21 Years
Median Age - male 20 Years

Eswatini Infant Mortality - per 1,000 live births

Eswatini median age, birth rate and death rates

Birth Rate - births/1,000 population 26
Death Rate - deaths/1,000 population 13.95
Median Age 20 Years
Median Age - female 21 Years
Median Age - male 20 Years
Population Growth Rate 1.17%
Sex Ratio 0-14 Years - male/female 1.02
Sex Ratio 15-24 Years - male/female 1.02
Sex Ratio 25-54 Years - male/female 1.06
Sex Ratio 55-64 Years - male/female 1
Sex Ratio at Birth - male/female 1.03
Sex Ratio of Total Population - male/female .99
Sex Ratio Over 64 Years - male/female .69

Eswatini Medical Information

What are the health conditions in Eswatini?

Medical Facilities and Health Information

Medical facilities are limited throughout Swaziland and emergency medical response capabilities (including ambulance transport) are almost non-existent. Although the Mbabane Clinic in the capital is small, it is well-equipped and well-staffed for minor procedures, as is the Manzini Clinic in Matsapha. For advanced care, U.S. citizens often choose to go to South Africa where better facilities and specialists exist. Most prescription drugs are available locally or can be imported from South Africa, but travelers are advised to bring sufficient quantities of their own required medication. A doctor’s note describing the medication may be helpful if questioned by authorities.

Tuberculosis is an increasingly serious health concern in Swaziland.

Eswatini Education

What is school like in Eswatini?

Education Expenditures - percent of GDP 8.3%
Literacy - female 80.8%
Literacy - male 82.6%
Literacy - total population 81.6%
Literacy Definition age 15 and over can read and write
School Life Expectancy - female 11 Years
School Life Expectancy - male 12 Years
Total School Life Expectancy - (primary to tertiary) 11 Years

Eswatini Literacy

Can people in Eswatini read?

Literacy - female 80.8%
Literacy - male 82.6%
Literacy - total population 81.6%
Literacy Definition age 15 and over can read and write
Predominant Language English (official, government business conducted in English), siSwati (official)

Eswatini Crime

Is Eswatini a safe place to visit?

Crime Information

Violent crime is a concern and is the most significant threat to U.S. citizens visiting or working in Swaziland. Incidents of petty crime and violent crime are prevalent throughout Swaziland. Criminals will resort to force if necessary, including deadly force, in order to accomplish their goal. Gangs are not deterred by confrontations with their intended victims. Carjackings occur in Swaziland, and as with other crimes may become violent if victims do not immediately cooperate.

Congested, dark urban areas are particularly dangerous at night, but daytime attacks are not uncommon. The presence of other people on the street should not be misinterpreted as an indication of security. Many victims report being robbed in the presence of witnesses. Pedestrians are cautioned not to wear jewelry or carry expensive or unnecessary valuables in public. U.S. citizens are also advised against displaying cell phones and large sums of cash, because they are targets for thieves. Money should only be converted at authorized currency exchanges and never with street vendors. Exercise caution when using local taxis. Ensure the taxi you use is from a reputable company. Never enter a taxi that is occupied by anyone else besides the driver. It is good practice to call a friend to let them know the plate number of the taxi you are using.

Crime tends to increase during the holiday season from December to January.If you are the victim of a crime, you should immediately report the incident to the nearest police station. If there is an emergency, the police can be contacted by dialing 999.

Don’t buy counterfeit and pirated goods, even if they are widely available. Not only are the bootlegs illegal in the United States, if you purchase them you may also be breaking local law.

Eswatini Penalties for Crime

Criminal Penalties

While you are traveling in Swaziland, you are subject to its laws even if you are a U.S. citizen. Foreign laws and legal systems can be vastly different than our own. In some places, you may be taken in for questioning if you don’t have your passport with you. In some places, it is illegal to take pictures of certain buildings. In some places, driving under the influence of drugs or alcohol could land you immediately in jail. These criminal penalties will vary from country to country. There are also some things that might be legal in the country you visit, but still illegal in the United States, and you can be prosecuted under U.S. law if you buy pirated goods. Engaging in sexual conduct with children or using or disseminating child pornography in a foreign country is a crime prosecutable in the United States. If you break local laws in Swaziland, your U.S. passport won’t help you avoid arrest or prosecution. It’s very important to know what’s legal and what’s not where you are going.

Persons violating Swaziland’s laws, even unknowingly, may be expelled, arrested, or imprisoned. Penalties for possessing, using, or trafficking in illegal drugs in Swaziland are severe, and convicted offenders can expect long jail sentences and heavy fines.

While some countries will automatically notify the nearest U.S. embassy or consulate if a U.S. citizen is detained or arrested in a foreign country, that might not always be the case. To ensure that the United States is aware of your circumstances, request that the police and prison officials notify the U.S. embassy as soon as you are arrested or detained in Swaziland.

Eswatini Population Comparison

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