Eswatini Government

What is the capital of Eswatini?

Pronunciation ay-swatini
Country Name Eswatini
Full Country Name Kingdom of Eswatini
Local - Long Umbuso weSwatini
Local - Short eSwatini
Former Name Swaziland
Etymology- history of name "Land of the Swazi" people; the name "Swazi" derives from 19th century King MSWATI II, under whose rule Swazi territory was expanded and unified
Government Type absolute monarchy
Capital Name Mbabane (administrative capital); Lobamba (royal and legislative capital)
Capital - geographic coordinate 26 19 S, 31 08 E
Capital Time Difference UTC+2 (7 hours ahead of Washington, DC, during Standard Time)
Independence 6 September 1968 (from the UK)
National Holiday Independence Day, 6 September (1968)
Constitution previous 1968, 1978; latest signed by the king 26 July 2005, effective 8 February 2006

Eswatini Capital City Map

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Eswatini Government and Politics

Who is the president of Eswatini?

Executive Branch: chief of state: King MSWATI III (since 25 April 1986)

head of government: Prime Minister Ambrose Mandvulo DLAMINI (since 27 October 2018); Deputy Prime Minister Themba MASUKU (since 6 November 2018)

cabinet: Cabinet recommended by the prime minister, confirmed by the monarch; at least one-half of the cabinet membership must be appointed from among elected members of the House of Assembly

elections/appointments: the monarchy is hereditary; prime minister appointed by the monarch from among members of the House of Assembly
Citizenship Criteria: citizenship by birth: no

citizenship by descent only: both parents must be citizens of Swaziland

dual citizenship recognized: no

residency requirement for naturalization: 5 years
Legal System: mixed legal system of civil, common, and customary law
Suffrage: 18 years of age
Legislative Branch: description: bicameral Parliament (Libandla) consists of:

Senate (30 seats; 20 members appointed by the monarch and 10 indirectly elected by simple majority vote by the House of Assembly; members serve 5-year terms)

House of Assembly (73 seats; 59 members directly elected in single-seat constituencies or tinkhundla by absolute majority vote in 2 rounds if needed, 10 members appointed by the monarch, 4 women elected by the members if representation of elected women is less than 30%; members serve 5-year terms)

elections: Senate - last held on 23 October 2018 (next to be held - 31 October 2023)

House of Assembly - last held on 21 September 2018 (next to be held in 2023)

election results: Senate - percent of seats by party - NA; seats by party - NA; composition - men 20, women 10, percent of women 33.3%

House of Assembly - percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - independent 59; composition - men 60, women 5, percent of women 7.7%; note - total Parliament percent of women 15.8%
Judicial Branch: highest court(s): the Supreme Court of the Judicature comprising the Supreme Court (consists of the chief justice and at least 5 justices) and the High Court (consists of the chief justice - ex officio - and at least 4 justices); note - the Supreme Court has jurisdiction in all constitutional matters

judge selection and term of office: justices of the Supreme Court of the Judicature appointed by the monarch on the advice of the Judicial Service Commission or JCS, a judicial advisory body consisting of the Supreme Court Chief Justice, 4 members appointed by the monarch, and the JCS head; justices of both courts eligible for retirement at age 65 with mandatory retirement at age 75 for Supreme Court justices and at age 70 for High Court justices

subordinate courts: magistrates' courts; National Swazi Courts for administering customary/traditional laws (jurisdiction restricted to customary law for Swazi citizens)

note: the national constitution as amended in 2006 shifted judicial power from the monarch and vested it exclusively in the judiciary
Regions or States: 4 districts; Hhohho, Lubombo, Manzini, Shiselweni
Political Parties and Leaders: the status of political parties, previously banned, is unclear under the 2006 Constitution; the following are considered political associations:

African United Democratic Party or AUDP [Stanley MAUNDZISA]

Ngwane National Liberatory Congress or NNLC [Alvit DLAMINI]

People's United Democratic Movement or PUDEMO [Mario MASUKU]

Swaziland Democratic Party ro SWADEPA [Jan SITHOLE]
International Law Organization Participation: accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction with reservations; non-party state to the ICCt
International Organization Participation: ACP, AfDB, AU, C, COMESA, FAO, G-77, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, IOM, ISO (correspondent), ITSO, ITU, ITUC (NGOs), MIGA, NAM, OPCW, PCA, SACU, SADC, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UNWTO, UPU, WCO, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO
Diplomatic Representation in the US: chief of mission: Ambassador Abednigo Mandla NTSHANGASE (since 19 July 2010)

chancery: 1712 New Hampshire Avenue, NW, Washington, DC 20009

telephone: [1] (202) 234-5002

FAX: [1] (202) 234-8254
Diplomatic Representation from US: chief of mission: Ambassador Lisa PETERSON (since January 2016)

embassy: corner of MR 103 and Cultural Center Drive, Ezulwini

mailing address: P.O. Box D202, The Gables, H106

telephone: [268] 2417-9000

FAX: [268] 2416-3344
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