Yemen Demographics

What is the population of Yemen?

Population 29,884,405
Population Growth Rate 2.5%
Urban Population 32.3%
Population in Major Urban Areas SANAA (capital) 2.419 million; Aden 784,000
Nationality Noun Yemeni(s)
Nationality Adjective Yemeni
Ethnic Groups predominantly Arab; but also Afro-Arab, South Asians, Europeans
Languages Spoken Arabic

Yemen Health Information

What are the health conditions in Yemen?

Contraceptive Prevalance Rate - female 15-49 27.7%
Death Rate - deaths/1,000 population 6.64
Drinking Water Source - percent of rural population improved 46.5%
Drinking Water Source - percent of total population unimproved 45.1%
Drinking Water Source - percent of urban population improved 72%
Food or Waterborne Disease (s) bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
Health Expenditures - percent of GDP 5.5%
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate 0.1%
HIV/Aids Deaths 800
Hospital Bed Density - beds/1,000 population .7
Infant Mortality Rate - female deaths/1,000 live births 47.31
Infant Mortality Rate - male deaths/1,000 live births 56.33
Infant Mortality Rate - total deaths/1,000 live births 51.93
Major Infectious Diseases - degree of risk high
Maternal Mortality Rate - deaths/100,000 live births 200
Mean Age for Mother's First Birth 19.2
Obesity - adult prevalence rate 14.5%
People Living with HIV/AIDS 12,000
Physicians Density - physicians/1,000 population .2
Sanitation Facility Access - percent of total population unimproved 46.7%
Sanitation Facility Access - percent of urban population improved 92.5%
Sanitation Facitlity Access - percent of rural population improved 34.1%
Total Fertility Rate - children born/woman 4.27
Underweight - percent of children under five years 43.1%
Vectorborne Disease (s) dengue fever and malaria
Water contact disease (s) schistosomiasis

Yemen Life Expectancy

How long do people live in Yemen?

Life Expectancy at Birth 64 Years
Life Expectancy at Birth - female 66 Years
Life Expectancy at Birth - male 62 Years
Median Age 18 Years
Median Age - female 18 Years
Median Age - male 18 Years

Yemen Infant Mortality - per 1,000 live births

Yemen median age, birth rate and death rates

Birth Rate - births/1,000 population 32
Death Rate - deaths/1,000 population 6.64
Median Age 18 Years
Median Age - female 18 Years
Median Age - male 18 Years
Population Growth Rate 2.5%
Sex Ratio 0-14 Years - male/female 1.04
Sex Ratio 15-24 Years - male/female 1.03
Sex Ratio 25-54 Years - male/female 1.04
Sex Ratio 55-64 Years - male/female 1.03
Sex Ratio at Birth - male/female 1.05
Sex Ratio of Total Population - male/female 1.03
Sex Ratio Over 64 Years - male/female .9

Yemen Medical Information

What are the health conditions in Yemen?

Medical Facilities and Health Information

Outside Sana’a and Aden, modern medical facilities are not readily available and emergency ambulance services are limited and often have attendants with little to no medical training. Doctors and hospitals often expect immediate cash payment for health services. It is important to bring an adequate supply of prescription medications for the duration of the traveler’s time outside the United States.While many prescription drugs are available in Yemen, quality control is uneven, and the particular drug a traveler needs may not be available.

Travelers can find detailed information on vaccinations and other health precautions on the CDC website. For information about outbreaks of infectious diseases abroad, consult the World Health Organization (WHO) website. The WHO website also contains additional health information for travelers, including detailed country-specific health information.

Tuberculosis is a serious health concern in Yemen.

Yemen Education

What is school like in Yemen?

Education Expenditures - percent of GDP 5.2%
Literacy - female 30%
Literacy - male 70.5%
Literacy - total population 50.2%
Literacy Definition age 15 and over can read and write
School Life Expectancy - female 8 Years
School Life Expectancy - male 11 Years
Total School Life Expectancy - (primary to tertiary) 9 Years

Yemen Literacy

Can people in Yemen read?

Literacy - female 30%
Literacy - male 70.5%
Literacy - total population 50.2%
Literacy Definition age 15 and over can read and write
Predominant Language Arabic

Yemen Crime

Is Yemen a safe place to visit?

Crime Information

Yemen is considered a medium to high threat environment for crime. Common petty or street crime exists in cities, particularly when valuables and cash are left in plain view. Burglaries and home invasions are not common, but violence against expatriates has risen in recent years in large part due to increased AQAP activity, civil unrest,and current economic conditions. There has also been an increase in reports of carjackings and assassinations, including within the expatriate community. The Yemeni justice system is slow and inefficient. Government ineffectiveness also led to a rise in crimes such as forgeries of land deeds and vehicle documents and corrupt business transactions. Local police forces are largely unaccountable, and frequently make arrests (including of U.S. citizens) on the request of influential families and tribes. Yemeni authorities rarely inform the U.S. Embassy when a U.S. citizen is arrested.

The ongoing political transition is expected to result in improvements tothe functioning of Yemen’s judicial system and other government agencies; however, the process will be slow, and travelers should not rely on significant assistance from the Yemeni government in the near term.

Americans are advised not to buy counterfeit and pirated goods, even if they are widely available. The bootlegs are illegal in the United States.

Yemen Penalties for Crime

Criminal Penalties

While traveling in Yemenor another country, all travelers are subject to its laws even if they are U.S. citizens. Foreign laws and legal systems can be vastly different than our own. In Yemen, foreign travelers may be taken in for questioning if they don’t have their passport with them. It is also illegal to take pictures of military installations or troops. Driving under the influence of alcohol or drugs can land the driver immediately in jail. The criminal penalties in Yemen may be very different from what U.S. citizens are accustomed to in the United States.

There are also some things that might be legal in a foreign country, but still illegal in the United States, and travelers can still be prosecuted under U.S. law. Engaging in sexual conduct with children or using or disseminating child pornography in a foreign country is a crime prosecutable in the United States. If a U.S. citizen breaks local laws in Yemen, his/her U.S. passport won’t prevent arrest or prosecution. When traveling, it’s very important to know what’s legal and what’s not in the foreign country.

Persons violating Yemeni laws, even unknowingly, may be expelled, arrested, or imprisoned. Penalties for possession, use, or trafficking in illegal drugs in Yemen are severe, and convicted offenders can expect long jail sentences and heavy fines. The use of the mild stimulant "qat” or “khat" is legal and common in Yemen, but it is considered an illegal substance in many other countries, including the United States. Do not attempt to bring qat back to the United States; the penalties for trafficking qat include heavy fines and possible imprisonment.

While some countries will automatically notify the nearest U.S. embassy or consulate if a U.S. citizen is detained or arrested in a foreign country, the U.S. Embassy is rarely informed when U.S. citizens are arrested in Yemen.To ensure that the United States is aware of the arrest or detention, it is important to request that the police and prison officials notify the U.S. Embassy as soon as possible.

Yemen Population Comparison

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