What is the terrain and geography like in United Kingdom?
The British Isles have a complex geology with a rich variety of scenery and impressive contrasts in topography. Highland Britain contains the principal mountain ranges which vary from 4,000 to 5,000 feet and occupy most of the north and west of the country. Lowland Britain, almost entirely composed of low, rolling hills and flatlands, lies to the southeast.
Prevailing southwesterly winds, influenced by the Gulf Stream, make Britain's climate temperate and equable year round. Weather patterns frequently change, but few temperature extremes occur. Temperatures range from a mean of 40°F in winter to about 60°F in summer. A low of 20°F sometimes occurs in winter, and a high of 90°F may rarely occur in summer. Average annual rainfall is 30-50 inches, usually distributed evenly throughout the year. Cloud cover is persistent, however, limiting sunshine to an average of about 6-7 hours a day in summer and 1-2 hours a day in winter.
94,058 Square Miles
243,610 Square Kilometers
93,409 Square Miles
241,930 Square Kilometers
649 Square Miles
1,680 Square Kilometers
880 Square Miles
2,280 Square Kilometers
|Border Countries||Ireland 360 km|
|Geographic Coordinates||54 00 N, 2 00 W|
|Terrain||mostly rugged hills and low mountains; level to rolling plains in east and southeast|
|Highest Point||1,343 Meters|
|Highest Point Location||Ben Nevis 1,343 m|
|Lowest Point||-4 Meters|
|Lowest Point Location||The Fens -4 m|
|Natural Resources||coal, petroleum, natural gas, iron ore, lead, zinc, gold, tin, limestone, salt, clay, chalk, gypsum, potash, silica sand, slate, arable land|
|Time Zone||UTC 0 (5 hours ahead of Washington, DC, during Standard Time)|
|Daylight saving time||
+1hr, begins last Sunday in March; ends last Sunday in October
note: applies to the United Kingdom proper, not to its overseas dependencies or territories