United Kingdom Economy

Is United Kingdom a rich country?

The UK, a leading trading power and financial center, is the third largest economy in Europe after Germany and France. Agriculture is intensive, highly mechanized, and efficient by European standards, producing about 60% of food needs with less than 2% of the labor force. The UK has large coal, natural gas, and oil resources, but its oil and natural gas reserves are declining; the UK has been a net importer of energy since 2005. Services, particularly banking, insurance, and business services, are key drivers of British GDP growth. Manufacturing, meanwhile, has declined in importance but still accounts for about 10% of economic output.



In 2008, the global financial crisis hit the economy particularly hard, due to the importance of its financial sector. Falling home prices, high consumer debt, and the global economic slowdown compounded the UK’s economic problems, pushing the economy into recession in the latter half of 2008 and prompting the then BROWN (Labour) government to implement a number of measures to stimulate the economy and stabilize the financial markets. Facing burgeoning public deficits and debt levels, in 2010 the then CAMERON-led coalition government (between Conservatives and Liberal Democrats) initiated an austerity program, which has continued under the Conservative government. However, the deficit still remains one of the highest in the G7, standing at 3.6% of GDP as of 2017, and the UK has pledged to lower its corporation tax from 20% to 17% by 2020. The UK had a debt burden of 90.4% GDP at the end of 2017.



The UK economy has begun to slow since the referendum vote to leave the EU in June 2016. A sustained depreciation of the British pound has increased consumer and producer prices, weighing on consumer spending without spurring a meaningful increase in exports. The UK has an extensive trade relationship with other EU members through its single market membership, and economic observers have warned the exit will jeopardize its position as the central location for European financial services. The UK is slated to leave the EU at the end of January 2020.

United Kingdom Economy Data

What is the GDP of United Kingdom?

GDP - Gross Domestic Product (PPP) $2,569,000,000,000 (USD)
GDP - official exchange rate $2,865,000,000,000 (USD)
GDP - real growth rate 2.5%
GDP Per Capita $41,200.00 (USD)
GDP by Sector- agriculture 0.6%
GDP by Sector- Industry 19.7%
GDP by Sector- services 79.6%
GDP - composition, by end use household consumption: 64.7%

government consumption: 19.1%

investment in fixed capital: 17.2%

investment in inventories: 0.2%

exports of goods and services: 27.6%

imports of goods and services: -28.8%
Population Below Poverty Line 14%
Inflation Rate 2.8%
Labor Force 31,900,000
Labor Force By Occupation- agriculture 1.4%
Labor Force By Occupation- industry 18.2%
Labor Force By Occupation- services 80.4%
Unemployment Rate 7.8%
Fiscal Year 6 April - 5 April
Annual Budget $995,900,000,000 (USD)
Budget Surplus or Deficit - percent of GDP -3.6%
Public Debt (% of GDP) 88.7%
Taxes and other revenues - percent of GDP 41.1%
Major Industries machine tools, electric power equipment, automation equipment, railroad equipment, shipbuilding, aircraft, motor vehicles and parts, electronics and communications equipment, metals, chemicals, coal, petroleum, paper and paper products, food processing, textiles, clothing, other consumer goods
Industrial Growth Rate -1.2%
Agriculture Products cereals, oilseed, potatoes, vegetables; cattle, sheep, poultry; fish
Currency Code British pound (GBP)
Commercial Bank Prime Lending Rate 4.4%

Labor Force by Occupation- As reported by United Kingdom

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