Uganda Economy

Is Uganda a rich country?

Uganda has substantial natural resources, including fertile soils, regular rainfall, substantial reserves of recoverable oil, and small deposits of copper, gold, and other minerals. Agriculture is one of the most important sectors of the economy, employing 72% of the work force. The country’s export market suffered a major slump following the outbreak of conflict in South Sudan, but has recovered lately, largely due to record coffee harvests, which account for 16% of exports, and increasing gold exports, which account for 10% of exports. Uganda has a small industrial sector that is dependent on imported inputs such as refined oil and heavy equipment. Overall, productivity is hampered by a number of supply-side constraints, including insufficient infrastructure, lack of modern technology in agriculture, and corruption.

Uganda’s economic growth has slowed since 2016 as government spending and public debt has grown. Uganda’s budget is dominated by energy and road infrastructure spending, while Uganda relies on donor support for long-term drivers of growth, including agriculture, health, and education. The largest infrastructure projects are externally financed through concessional loans, but at inflated costs. As a result, debt servicing for these loans is expected to rise.

Oil revenues and taxes are expected to become a larger source of government funding as oil production starts in the next three to 10 years. Over the next three to five years, foreign investors are planning to invest $9 billion in production facilities projects, $4 billion in an export pipeline, as well as in a $2-3 billion refinery to produce petroleum products for the domestic and East African Community markets. Furthermore, the government is looking to build several hundred million dollars’ worth of highway projects to the oil region.

Uganda faces many economic challenges. Instability in South Sudan has led to a sharp increase in Sudanese refugees and is disrupting Uganda's main export market. Additional economic risks include: poor economic management, endemic corruption, and the government’s failure to invest adequately in the health, education, and economic opportunities for a burgeoning young population. Uganda has one of the lowest electrification rates in Africa - only 22% of Ugandans have access to electricity, dropping to 10% in rural areas.

Uganda Economy Data

What is the GDP of Uganda?

Currency Name and Code Uganda Shilling (UGX)
GDP - Gross Domestic Product (PPP) $75,080,000,000 (USD)
GDP - official exchange rate $24,940,000,000 (USD)
GDP - real growth rate 5.2%
GDP Per Capita $2,100.00 (USD)
GDP by Sector- agriculture 26.3%
GDP by Sector- Industry 22.3%
GDP by Sector- services 51.4%
GDP - composition, by end use household consumption: 72.6%

government consumption: 8.9%

investment in fixed capital: 29.7%

investment in inventories: 0.2%

exports of goods and services: 22.5%

imports of goods and services: -33.9%
Population Below Poverty Line 35%
Inflation Rate 9.4%
Labor Force 15,510,000
Labor Force By Occupation- agriculture 82%
Labor Force By Occupation- industry 5%
Labor Force By Occupation- services 13%
Fiscal Year 1 July - 30 June
Annual Budget $1,845,000,000 (USD)
Budget Surplus or Deficit - percent of GDP -2.7%
Public Debt (% of GDP) 62.8%
Taxes and other revenues - percent of GDP 14.2%
Major Industries sugar, brewing, tobacco, cotton textiles, cement
Industrial Growth Rate 6%
Agriculture Products coffee, tea, cotton, tobacco, cassava (tapioca), potatoes, corn, millet, pulses; beef, goat meat, milk, poultry, cut flowers
Exchange Rate per US Dollar Ugandan shilling (UGX)
Child Labor - % of children ages 5-14 25%
Child Labor - # of children ages 5-14 117,266
Child Labor - note note: data represents children ages 5-17
Commercial Bank Prime Lending Rate 23.7%

Labor Force by Occupation- As reported by Uganda

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