Tuvalu Economy

Is Tuvalu a rich country?

Tuvalu consists of a densely populated, scattered group of nine coral atolls with poor soil. Only eight of the atolls are inhabited. It is one of the smallest countries in the world, with its highest point at 4.6 meters above sea level. The country is isolated, almost entirely dependent on imports, particularly of food and fuel, and vulnerable to climate change and rising sea levels, which pose significant challenges to development.

The public sector dominates economic activity. Tuvalu has few natural resources, except for its fisheries. Earnings from fish exports and fishing licenses for Tuvalu’s territorial waters are a significant source of government revenue. In 2013, revenue from fishing licenses doubled and totaled more than 45% of GDP.

Official aid from foreign development partners has also increased. Tuvalu has substantial assets abroad. The Tuvalu Trust Fund, an international trust fund established in 1987 by development partners, has grown to $104 million (A$141 million) in 2014 and is an important cushion for meeting shortfalls in the government's budget. While remittances are another substantial source of income, the value of remittances has declined since the 2008-09 global financial crisis, but has stabilized at nearly $4 million per year. The financial impact of climate change and the cost of climate related adaptation projects is one of many concerns for the nation.

Tuvalu Economy Data

What is the GDP of Tuvalu?

Currency Name and Code Austrlian Dollar (AUD)
GDP - Gross Domestic Product (PPP) $35,000,000 (USD)
GDP - official exchange rate $34,000,000 (USD)
GDP - real growth rate 3.5%
GDP Per Capita $3,400.00 (USD)
GDP by Sector- agriculture 24.5%
GDP by Sector- Industry 5.6%
GDP by Sector- services 70%
Inflation Rate 3.8%
Labor Force 3,615
Labor Force by Occupation - note people make a living mainly through exploitation of the sea, reefs, and atolls and through overseas remittances (mostly from workers in the phosphate industry and sailors)
Fiscal Year calendar year
Annual Budget $21,540,000 (USD)
Budget Surplus or Deficit - percent of GDP -4%
Taxes and other revenues - percent of GDP 56.7%
Major Industries fishing, tourism, copra
Agriculture Products coconuts; fish
Exchange Rate per US Dollar Australian dollar (AUD); note - there is also a Tuvaluan dollar

Labor Force by Occupation- As reported by Tuvalu

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