Turkmenistan Demographics

What is the population of Turkmenistan?

Population 5,528,627
Population Growth Rate 1.15%
Urban Population 48.7%
Population in Major Urban Areas ASHGABAT (capital) 683,000
Nationality Noun Turkmen(s)
Nationality Adjective Turkmen
Ethnic Groups Turkmen 85%, Uzbek 5%, Russian 4%, other 6%
Languages Spoken Turkmen 72%, Russian 12%, Uzbek 9%, other 7%

Turkmenistan Health Information

What are the health conditions in Turkmenistan?

Contraceptive Prevalence Rate - female 15-49 61.8%
Death Rate - deaths/1,000 population 6.18
Drinking Water Source - percent of rural population improved 53.7%
Drinking Water Source - percent of total population unimproved 28.9%
Drinking Water Source - percent of urban population improved 89.1%
Health Expenditures - percent of GDP 2.7%
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate 0.07%
HIV/Aids Deaths 90
Hospital Bed Density - beds/1,000 population 4.1
Infant Mortality Rate - female deaths/1,000 live births 31.41
Infant Mortality Rate - male deaths/1,000 live births 47.17
Infant Mortality Rate - total deaths/1,000 live births 39.48
Maternal Mortality Rate - deaths/100,000 live births 67
Mean Age for Mother's First Birth 24.6
Obesity - adult prevalence rate 13.2%
People Living with HIV/AIDS 175
Physicians Density - physicians/1,000 population 2.44
Sanitation Facility Access - percent of total population unimproved 0.9%
Sanitation Facility Access - percent of urban population improved 100%
Sanitation Facility Access - percent of rural population improved 98.2%
Total Fertility Rate - children born/woman 2.12
Underweight - percent of children under five years 10.5%

Turkmenistan Life Expectancy

How long do people live in Turkmenistan?

Life Expectancy at Birth 69 Years
Life Expectancy at Birth - female 72 Years
Life Expectancy at Birth - male 66 Years
Median Age 26 Years
Median Age - female 26 Years
Median Age - male 25 Years

Turkmenistan Infant Mortality - per 1,000 live births

Turkmenistan median age, birth rate and death rates

Birth Rate - births/1,000 population 20
Death Rate - deaths/1,000 population 6.18
Median Age 26 Years
Median Age - female 26 Years
Median Age - male 25 Years
Net Migration Rate - migrant(s)/1,000 population -1.88
Population Growth Rate 1.15%
Sex Ratio 0-14 Years - male/female 1.03
Sex Ratio 15-24 Years - male/female 1.01
Sex Ratio 25-54 Years - male/female .98
Sex Ratio 55-64 Years - male/female .98
Sex Ratio at Birth - male/female 1.05
Sex Ratio of Total Population - male/female .98
Sex Ratio Over 64 Years - male/female .77

Turkmenistan Medical Information

What are the health conditions in Turkmenistan?

Medical Facilities and Health Information

Medical care in Turkmenistan is limited and well below North American and Western European standards. If you travel to Turkmenistan, you should make sure that you have medical evacuation insurance. Such travel can be expensive if undertaken under emergency conditions, and absent this insurance, medical evacuation travel may be logistically impossible. If you have a medical condition, you should consult with your regular physician to determine whether travel to Turkmenistan is advisable in light of the level of available health care. Resident U.S. citizens travel to Western Europe or North America for treatment of any serious medical condition, and for many routine procedures. The U.S. Embassy maintains a list of public hospitals and English-speaking physicians in the country, however the standard of care at these hospitals cannot be considered comparable to Western standards. Basic medical supplies, including disposable needles, anesthetics, and antibiotics are often in short supply. Two private clinics have foreign medical practitioners (generally Turkish) who may be available for consultations and treatment; these clinics, however, have refused in some cases to admit patients with serious conditions, regardless of the patient’s ability to pay for treatment. Even at these hospitals, the standard of care is low compared to Western standards. If you need prescription medications, you should bring sufficient supplies with you and appropriate documentation to ensure no problems with customs officials upon arrival.

Turkmenistan Education

What is school like in Turkmenistan?

Literacy - female 98.3%
Literacy - male 99.3%
Literacy - total population 98.8%
Literacy Definition age 15 and over can read and write

Turkmenistan Literacy

Can people in Turkmenistan read?

Literacy - female 98.3%
Literacy - male 99.3%
Literacy - total population 98.8%
Literacy Definition age 15 and over can read and write
Predominant Language Turkmen 72%, Russian 12%, Uzbek 9%, other 7%

Turkmenistan Crime

Is Turkmenistan a safe place to visit?

Crime Information

Although the government's official policy is to report that there is no violent crime, there are incidents of assault, rape, and murder sometimes directed at foreigners. Prostitution, heroin use, and economic conditions are all factors contributing to the incidence of violent crimes. Petty theft is common in crowded public places such as the local bazaars. Take appropriate measures to safeguard passports and valuables in such areas. Do not leave valuables in plain view within a parked vehicle.

Foreign visitors, including U.S. citizens, present an attractive target for criminals. Travelers should exercise the same common sense, good judgment, and caution as they would in any major U.S. city. For instance, avoid carrying large sums of money in public. Avoid walking alone after dark, and women specifically should avoid being alone in isolated areas. Most taxis are not regulated by any government licensing agency and drivers are usually private citizens looking to make money. The majority of cars will not have seat belts or other safety devices, and drivers may not have had any formal driver training. For safety reasons, visitors should strongly consider hiring a private car and driver through their travel agency or hotel. There is one government-owned and regulated taxi company, operating in Ashgabat, which charges a flat fee of 8 Denominated Turkmen Manat (about $ 2.80 at the March, 2011 exchange rate) for a one-way trip within Ashgabat city limits. Its telephone number is: (993 12) 32-97-75. If using local unregulated taxis, always negotiate fares with taxi drivers in advance, and use extreme caution when using taxis after dark, especially when there are other passengers in the vehicle.

Prostitution is illegal, and prostitutes have been known to accompany men to their residences or hotel rooms in order to steal from them, sometimes with the help of an accomplice. The authorities will generally consider any woman leaving a discotheque with a foreign man late at night to be a prostitute, and on that basis, the foreigner may be detained. Recently, at least one foreigner was kept in jail for fifteen days on charges of soliciting prostitution. Travelers should be aware that U.S. law provides for criminal prosecution in U.S. federal courts of U.S. citizens who have solicited a prostitute under the age of 18 while traveling abroad.

Police can ask anyone to present identity papers at any time, but authorities are especially aggressive late at night. Even if valid papers are presented, the police may ask for a bribe. For this reason, those going from place to place late at night should consider using a trusted driver.

Don’t buy counterfeit and pirated goods, even if they are widely available. Not only are the bootlegs illegal in the United States, if you purchase them you may also be breaking local law.

Turkmenistan Penalties for Crime

Criminal Penalties

While you are traveling in Turkmenistan, you are subject to its laws even if you are a U.S. citizen. Foreign laws and legal systems can be vastly different than our own. In some places you may be taken in for questioning if you don’t have your passport with you. In some places, it is illegal to take pictures of certain buildings. In some places driving under the influence could land you immediately in jail. These criminal penalties will vary from country to country. There are also some things that might be legal in the country you visit, but still illegal in the United States. For instance, you can be prosecuted under U.S. law if you buy pirated goods. Engaging in sexual conduct with children or using or disseminating child pornography in a foreign country is a crime prosecutable in the United States. If you break local laws in Turkmenistan, your U.S. passport won’t help you avoid arrest or prosecution. It’s very important to know what’s legal and what’s not where you are going.

While some countries will automatically notify the nearest U.S. embassy or consulate if a U.S. citizen is detained or arrested in a foreign country, that might not always be the case. To ensure that the United States is aware of your circumstances, request that the police and prison officials notify the nearest U.S. embassy or consulate as soon as you are arrested or detained overseas.

Turkmenistan Population Comparison

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