Tunisia Demographics

What is the population of Tunisia?

Population 11,721,177
Population Growth Rate 0.95%
Urban Population 66.3%
Population in Major Urban Areas TUNIS (capital) 790,000
Nationality Noun Tunisian(s)
Nationality Adjective Tunisian
Ethnic Groups Arab 98%, European 1%, Jewish and other 1%
Languages Spoken Arabic (official and one of the languages of commerce), French (commerce)

Tunisia Health Information

What are the health conditions in Tunisia?

Contraceptive Prevalence Rate - female 15-49 63%
Death Rate - deaths/1,000 population 5.9
Drinking Water Source - percent of rural population improved 90.5%
Drinking Water Source - percent of total population unimproved 3.2%
Drinking Water Source - percent of urban population improved 100%
Health Expenditures - percent of GDP 6.2%
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate 0.07%
HIV/Aids Deaths 100
Hospital Bed Density - beds/1,000 population 2.1
Infant Mortality Rate - female deaths/1,000 live births 20.3
Infant Mortality Rate - male deaths/1,000 live births 27.59
Infant Mortality Rate - total deaths/1,000 live births 24.07
Maternal Mortality Rate - deaths/100,000 live births 56
Obesity - adult prevalence rate 22.3%
People Living with HIV/AIDS 2,400
Physicians Density - physicians/1,000 population 1.22
Sanitation Facility Access - percent of total population unimproved 9.6%
Sanitation Facility Access - percent of urban population improved 97.4%
Sanitation Facility Access - percent of rural population improved 76.6%
Total Fertility Rate - children born/woman 2.01
Underweight - percent of children under five years 3.3%

Tunisia Life Expectancy

How long do people live in Tunisia?

Life Expectancy at Birth 75 Years
Life Expectancy at Birth - female 77 Years
Life Expectancy at Birth - male 73 Years
Median Age 31 Years
Median Age - female 31 Years
Median Age - male 30 Years

Tunisia Infant Mortality - per 1,000 live births

Tunisia median age, birth rate and death rates

Birth Rate - births/1,000 population 17
Death Rate - deaths/1,000 population 5.9
Median Age 31 Years
Median Age - female 31 Years
Median Age - male 30 Years
Net Migration Rate - migrant(s)/1,000 population -1.76
Population Growth Rate 0.95%
Sex Ratio 0-14 Years - male/female 1.07
Sex Ratio 15-24 Years - male/female 1.01
Sex Ratio 25-54 Years - male/female .95
Sex Ratio 55-64 Years - male/female .99
Sex Ratio at Birth - male/female 1.07
Sex Ratio of Total Population - male/female .99
Sex Ratio Over 64 Years - male/female .96

Tunisia Medical Information

What are the health conditions in Tunisia?

Medical Facilities and Health Information

Medical care in Tunisia is adequate, with a number of new, private “polyclinics” available that function as simple hospitals and can provide a variety of procedures. Specialized care or treatment may not be available. Facilities that can handle complex trauma cases are virtually non-existent. While most private clinics have a few physicians who are fluent in English, the medical establishment uses French and all of the ancillary staff in every clinic communicates in Arabic and/or French. Public hospitals are overcrowded, under-equipped, and understaffed. In general, nursing care does not conform to U.S. standards.

Immediate ambulance service may not be available outside urban areas. Even in urban areas, emergency response times can be much longer than in the United States. Doctors and hospitals expect immediate cash payment for healthcare services, although some hospitals may accept credit cards. Over-the-counter medications are available; however, travelers should bring with them a full supply of medications that are needed on a regular basis. The U.S. Embassy in Tunis maintains a list of doctors and medical practitioners (dentists, etc.) who can be contacted for assistance.

Tunisia Education

What is school like in Tunisia?

Education Expenditures - percent of GDP 6.2%
Literacy - female 65.3%
Literacy - male 83.4%
Literacy - total population 74.3%
Literacy Definition age 15 and over can read and write
School Life Expectancy - female 15 Years
School Life Expectancy - male 14 Years
Total School Life Expectancy - (primary to tertiary) 15 Years

Tunisia Literacy

Can people in Tunisia read?

Literacy - female 65.3%
Literacy - male 83.4%
Literacy - total population 74.3%
Literacy Definition age 15 and over can read and write
Predominant Language Arabic (official and one of the languages of commerce), French (commerce)

Tunisia Crime

Is Tunisia a safe place to visit?

Crime Information

The U.S. Embassy notes a rise in criminal activity in recent months. High value items left unattended and visible to others have been stolen from vehicles, hotel rooms, and private residences. Additionally, muggings have occurred during daylight hours in upscale neighborhoods; in some cases these encounters have turned violent when the victim tried to resist. Travelers should remain vigilant of their surroundings and take care to secure their valuables as prominently displayed cash or jewelry may attract unwanted attention. Any thefts or attempted robberies should be reported immediately to the local police and the U.S. Embassy.

Criminals have targeted tourists and business travelers for theft, pick pocketing, and scams. Exercise care with wallets and other valuables kept in handbags or backpacks that can be easily opened from behind in crowded streets or marketplaces. Criminals may violently grab at items worn around the neck (purses, necklaces, backpacks) and then run away, sometimes causing injury to their victims. Criminals have been known to rob pedestrians by snatching purses and handbags from their victims while on a motorcycle.

Harassment of unaccompanied females occurs rarely in hotels, but it occurs more frequently elsewhere. Dressing in a conservative manner can diminish potential harassment, especially for young women. It is always wise to travel in groups of two or more people. Women are advised against walking alone in isolated areas. Travelers are advised to avoid buses and commuter rail when possible, and to never enter a taxi if another passenger is present.

U.S. citizens resident in Tunisia are also advised to refrain from leaving items of value unattended in the yards of their homes, as there have been reports of theft of items such as tools and bicycles.

Don’t buy counterfeit and pirated goods, which are widely available. Not only are the bootlegs illegal in the United States, you may be breaking local law.

Tunisia Penalties for Crime

Criminal Penalties

While you are traveling in Tunisia, you are subject to its laws even if you are a U.S. citizen. Foreign laws and legal systems can be vastly different from our own. In some places, it is illegal to take pictures of certain buildings. In some places driving under the influence could land you immediately in jail. These criminal penalties will vary from country to country. There are also some things that might be legal in the country you visit, but still illegal in the United States, and you can be prosecuted under U.S. law if you buy pirated goods. Engaging in sexual conduct with children or using or disseminating child pornography in a foreign country is a crime prosecutable in the United States. If you break local laws in Tunisia, your U.S. passport won’t help you avoid arrest or prosecution. It’s very important to know what’s legal and what’s not wherever you go.

While some countries will automatically notify the nearest U.S. embassy or consulate if a U.S. citizen is detained or arrested in a foreign country, that might not always be the case. To ensure that the United States is aware of your circumstances, request that the police and prison officials notify the nearest U.S. embassy or consulate as soon as you are arrested or detained overseas.

Tunisia Population Comparison

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