Thailand History Timeline

Thailand Year in History Thailand Timeline
-600 Chinese T’ai migration recorded
Chinese T’ai migration recorded.
-300 Indian settlements bringing the Hindu religion.
Indian settlements bringing
the Hindu religion.
1000 The Mons
The Mons, from Burma, had
established themselves in Central Thailand.
1350 Monarchy established
A unified Thai kingdom is established under the rule of King Ramathibodi.

A series of kings follow, ruling what was then known as Siam.
1516 Portuguese envoy
Portuguese send an envoy to Thai Court and sign a treaty.
1529 War with Burma
War with Burma.
1782 Chakri dynasty
Beginning of the Chakri
dynasty under King Rama I.
1782 New capital
New capital of Bangkok founded.
1833 First American envoy to the Thai Court
The United States and
Siam (now Thailand) concluded a commercial treaty in Bangkok.
1833 Thai-Vietnam war
Thai-Vietnam war.
1896 British-French treaty guarantees independence
A British-French treaty guarantees independence for the new country.
1905 Slavery was abolished
Slavery was abolished.
1917 Siam becomes ally of Great Britain in World War I.
Siam becomes ally of Great Britain in World War I.
1939 Siam
Siam changes its name to Thailand (“Land of the Free”).
1941 Japan invades Thailand
Japan invades Thailand in World War II, forcing Thailand to fight with Japan in the war.
1942 Ambassador declares war on Britain and US.
Thailand declares war on Britain and US, but Thai ambassador in Washington refuses to deliver declaration to US government.
1944 Thailand takes back a declaration of war
Thailand takes back a declaration of war against the United States and Britain. After the war, it becomes an ally of the U.S.
1945 End of World War II.
End of World War II. Thailand compelled to return territory it had
seized from Laos, Cambodia and Malaya. Exiled King Ananda returns.
1946 55th member of the United Nations.
Thailand becomes the 55th member of the United Nations.
1946 King Ananda
King Ananda assassinated.
1962 US sent troops to Thailand.
Thailand permits US to use bases there during the Vietnam War. Thai troops fight in South Vietnam.
1973 Free elections are held
Student riots in Bangkok bring about the fall of the military
government. Free elections are held but the resulting governments lack
stability.
1976 Military takes over again.
Military takes over again.
1978 New constitution promulgated.
New constitution promulgated.
2004 Tsunami strikes.
A devastating tsunami
strikes. Giant waves hit the western coast and islands of Thailand and
10 other nations, killing hundreds of thousands of people.
2006 Thaksin Shinawatra
Prime Minister Thaksin Shinawatra accuses several army officers of plotting to kill him after police find a car containing bomb-making materials near his house.
2007 Martial law
Martial law is lifted in more than half of the country.
2008 Cambodian soldiers
Thai troops shoot two Cambodian soldiers in a firefight on the disputed border, near the Preah Vihear temple.
2010 Mass protest
Tens of thousands of Thaksin supporters - in trademark red shirts - paralyze central Bangkok with month-long protest calling for Prime Minister Abhisit's resignation.
2011 Pheu Thai party
The pro-Thaksin Pheu Thai party wins a landslide victory in elections.
2013 Rice prices
Government cuts guaranteed price for rice, provoking an angry reaction from farmers and protests in Bangkok.

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