Thailand Geography

Terrain and geography

The Kingdom of Thailand is located at a strategic crossroads in Southeast Asia. With an area of over 200,000 square miles, Thailand is the second largest nation in Southeast Asia.

Topographically, Thailand presents a varied landscape of forested mountains, dry plateaus, fertile river plains, and sandy beaches. Mountain ranges extend along the border with Myanmar and down to Malaysia. Another range splits the country in half from north to south.

The Chao Phraya River originates in the north and flows southward. It irrigates the fertile ricelands of the Central Plains through a network of "klongs" or canals. This long river serves as the main water transportation route through the central part of the country. It empties into the Gulf of Thailand some 35 miles south of Bangkok.

Geography - note

controls only land route from Asia to Malaysia and Singapore

Thailand Geography

Geographic Location Southeast Asia
Total Area 198,116 Square Miles
513,120 Square Kilometers
Land Area 197,255 Square Miles
510,890 Square Kilometers
Water Area 861 Square Miles
2,230 Square Kilometers
Land Boundaries 3,022 Miles
4,863 Kilometers
Irrigated Land 24,768 Square Miles
64,150 Square Kilometers
Border Countries Burma 1,800 km, Cambodia 803 km, Laos 1,754 km, Malaysia 506 km
Coastline 2,000 Miles
3,219 Kilometers
Geographic Coordinates 15 00 N, 100 00 E
Terrain central plain; Khorat Plateau in the east; mountains elsewhere
Highest Point 2,576 Meters
Highest Point Location Doi Inthanon 2,576 m
Lowest Point Location Gulf of Thailand 0 m
Natural Resources tin, rubber, natural gas, tungsten, tantalum, timber, lead, fish, gypsum, lignite, fluorite, arable land
Time Zone UTC+7 (12 hours ahead of Washington, DC, during Standard Time)
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2019 Edition