Tajikistan Demographics

What is the population of Tajikistan?

Population 8,873,669
Population Growth Rate 1.79%
Urban Population 26.500000
Population in Major Urban Areas DUSHANBE (capital) 739,000
Nationality Noun Tajikistani(s)
Ethnic Groups Tajik 64.9%, Uzbek 25%, Russian 3.5% (declining because of emigration), other 6.6%

Tajikistan Population Comparison

Tajikistan Health Information

What are the health conditions in Tajikistan?

Life Expectancy at Birth 66.720000
Death Rate - deaths/1,000 population 6.38
Infant Mortality Rate - total deaths/1,000 live births 36.160000
Health Expenditures - percent of GDP 5.8%
Physicians Density - physicians/1,000 population 1.9
Hospital Bed Density - beds/1,000 population 5.5
Major Infectious Diseases - degree of risk high
Drinking Water Source - percent of urban population improved 93.000000
Maternal Mortality Rate - deaths/100,000 live births 65
Mean Age for Mother's First Birth (age 25-49) 22.8
Contraceptive Prevalence Rate - female 12-49 27.9%
Total Fertility Rate - children born/woman 2.8
Obesity - adult prevalence rate 8.6%
Sanitation Facility Access - percent of urban population improved 93.600000
Underweight - percent of children under five years 15%

Tajikistan Life Expectancy

How long do people live in Tajikistan?

Life Expectancy at Birth 66.720000
Median Age 23.200000
Contraceptive Prevalance Rate - female 12-49 27.9%
Infant Mortality Rate 36.160000
Maternal Mortality Rate - deaths/100,000 live births 65
Total Fertility Rate - children born/woman 2.8

Tajikistan median age, birth rate and death rates

Birth Rate - births/1,000 population 25
Median Age 23.200000
Net Migration Rate - migrant(s)/1,000 population -1.19
Population Growth Rate 1.79%
Sex Ratio at Birth - male/female 1.050000
Age Structure 32.560000
Contraceptive Prevalance Rate - female 12-49 27.9%
Infant Mortality Rate 36.160000
Maternal Mortality Rate - deaths/100,000 live births 65
Mother's mean age at first birth 22.8
Total Fertility Rate - children born/woman 2.8

Tajikistan Medical Information

What are the health conditions in Tajikistan?

Medical Facilities and Health Information

The quality of Tajikistan’s medical infrastructure is significantly below Western standards, with severe shortages of basic medical supplies, including disposable needles, anesthetics, prescription drugs, and antibiotics. Many trained medical personnel left the country during or after the civil war. Elderly travelers and those with pre-existing health problems may be at particular risk due to inadequate medical facilities.

Significant disease outbreaks are possible due to population shifts and a decline in some immunization coverage among the general population. There have been outbreaks of polio in the southwest areas of the country near the borders with Afghanistan and Uzbekistan, including the capital city Dushanbe; typhoid outbreaks in the Dushanbe area and in the south of the country; an outbreak of Congo Crimea hemorrhagic fever to the west of Dushanbe; and the risk of contracting malaria, cholera, and water-borne illnesses is high. Throughout Central Asia, infection rates of various forms of hepatitis and tuberculosis (including drug-resistant strains) are on the rise. Tuberculosis is an increasingly serious health concern in Tajikistan.

It is advisable to drink only bottled or thoroughly boiled water while in Tajikistan.

The government of Tajikistan requires all foreign citizens who remain in the country for more than 90 days to present a medical certificate from a medical facility or to submit to an HIV test in Tajikistan if they are already in Tajikistan without such a certificate (with the exception of persons applying for diplomatic, official, investor, and humanitarian types of visas).

Health Expenditures - percent of GDP


Hospital Bed Density - beds/1,000 population


Physicians Density - physicians/1,000 population


Tajikistan Education

What is school like in Tajikistan?

Education Expenditures - percent of GDP 3.9%
Literacy - female 99.1%
Literacy - male 99.6%
Literacy - total population 99.5%
Literacy Definition age 15 and over can read and write
Total School Life Expectancy - (primary to tertiary) 11.000000

Tajikistan Literacy

Can people in Tajikistan read?

Literacy - female 99.1%
Literacy - male 99.6%
Literacy - total population 99.5%
Literacy Definition age 15 and over can read and write

Tajikistan Crime

Is Tajikistan a safe place to visit?

Crime Information

The level of criminal activity in Dushanbe is moderate to high. Of significant concern is the inability of Tajikistan’s law enforcement entities to provide adequate and immediate assistance. Lack of manpower, low salaries, and inadequate training all contribute to a lack of professionalism among law enforcement entities. Tajikistan’s struggling economy and high unemployment have resulted in incidents of street crime, including pick-pocketing, muggings, and armed robberies. Alcohol-related incidents such as drunk driving are common. Criminals are not deterred by the risk of confrontation and tend to operate in groups of two or more to decrease their chances of arrest. When crimes do occur, they can be violent in nature. Additionally, the lack of a free media and infrequent government outreach through the media do not provide the average citizen with current and accurate information to make informed decisions about safety. Government statistics are typically inaccurate because many crimes are not reported to law enforcement organizations. Often police refuse to open minor or routine cases that seem too difficult to resolve.

Crimes of opportunity can occur against anyone, and you are reminded to be careful and cautious in your own personal security, whether within the city limits of Dushanbe or in the more remote areas of the country. You should be aware that danger increases after dark, and to use caution when traveling alone or on foot after dark. The U.S. Embassy encourages visitors to travel in pairs and to notify colleagues of their whereabouts when not working, especially during evening hours. It is wise to refrain from wearing expensive jewelry or anything that may indicate that you have any amount of wealth. Travelers are also encouraged to carry a copy of their passport (separate from their wallets) to speed up issuance of a new passport in case of theft.

Don't buy counterfeit and pirated goods, even if they are widely available. Not only are the bootlegs illegal in the United States, if you purchase them you may also be breaking local law.

Tajikistan Penalties for Crime

Criminal Penalties

While you are traveling in Tajikistan, you are subject to its laws even if you are a U.S. citizen. Foreign laws and legal systems can be vastly different from our own. In some places you may be taken in for questioning if you don't have your passport with you. In some places it is illegal to take pictures of certain buildings. In some places driving under the influence could land you immediately in jail. These criminal penalties will vary from country to country. There are also some things that might be legal in the country you visit, but still illegal in the United States, and you can be prosecuted under U.S. law if you buy pirated goods. Engaging in sexual conduct with children or using or disseminating child pornography in a foreign country is a crime prosecutable in the United States. If you break local laws in Tajikistan, your passport won’t help you avoid arrest or prosecution. It's very important to know what's legal and what's not in the countries where you are going.

Persons violating Tajik laws, even unknowingly, may be expelled, arrested, or imprisoned. Penalties for possessing, using, or trafficking in illegal drugs in Tajikistan are severe, and convicted offenders can expect long jail sentences and heavy fines.

The Government of Tajikistan may enforce strict customs regulations. Customs authorities may subject all items, including travel souvenirs, imported into or exported from Tajikistan to a high level of scrutiny. The export of antiques, precious stones and metals, and cultural valuables requires special permission. The number of items that can be exported may be limited. It is illegal to export or possess unprocessed stones and metals and jewelry without a hallmark (mark of authenticity). Even if travelers have a receipt confirming legal purchase of such items at a store in Tajikistan, the items must be declared upon departure. Failure to abide by Tajik customs laws and regulations may result in heavy fines, arrest, or imprisonment.

There are also currency restrictions. You must fill out a Customs Declaration Form upon arrival in Tajikistan, have it stamped by Tajik customs officials at the port of entry and retain the form until your departure to demonstrate that you are not leaving Tajikistan with more money than you brought into the country. Please contact the Embassy of the Republic of Tajikistan in the United States for specific information about customs requirements.

While some countries will automatically notify the nearest U.S. embassy or consulate if a U.S. citizen is detained or arrested in a foreign country, that might not always be the case. To ensure that the United States is aware of your circumstances, request that the police and prison officials notify the nearest U.S. embassy or consulate as soon as you are arrested or detained overseas.

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