Tajikistan Geography

What is the terrain and geography like in Tajikistan?

Overview:

The Republic of Tajikistan gained its independence during the breakup of the USSR and is part of former Soviet Central Asia nestled between Kyrgyzstan and Uzbekistan to the north and west, Afghanistan to the south, and China to the east.

Tajikistan is home to some of the highest mountains in the world, including parts of the Kunlun, Himalayan, Tienshan, and Pamir Ranges. Ninety-three percent of the country is mountainous with altitudes ranging from 1,000 feet to 25,000 feet, with fully 50% of Tajikistan's territory at elevations above 10,000 feet. Earthquakes of varying degrees are frequent. The massive mountain ranges are cut by hundreds of scenic canyons and gorges through which streams finger their way into the larger river valleys where the majority of the country's population lives and works.

The principal rivers of central Asia, the Amu-Darya and the Syr-Darya, both flow through Tajikistan, fed by melting snow in the mountains of Tajikistan and Kyrgyzstan.

Geography - note:

landlocked; mountainous region dominated by the Trans-Alay Range in the north and the Pamirs in the southeast; highest point, Qullai Ismoili Somoni (formerly Communism Peak), was the tallest mountain in the former USSR

Climate:

There are four distinct seasons in Tajikistan gorgeous springs, with soft breezes and flowers blooming everywhere; hot, dry summers; pleasant autumns with warm days and cool evenings, and in the low altitude city of Dushanbe, relatively mild winters.

Snowfall rapidly increases with altitude. The climate of the mountainous Gorno-Badakhshan Autonomous Oblast (GBAO), which occupies the eastern half of Tajikistan, is more extreme. The mountainous east receives 90% of Tajikistan's yearly precipitation, and its average annual temperature is 49°F; in Dushanbe it's 65 °F.

Tajikistan Use of Natural Resources

Tajikistan Environment

Climate:

There are four distinct seasons in Tajikistan gorgeous springs, with soft breezes and flowers blooming everywhere; hot, dry summers; pleasant autumns with warm days and cool evenings, and in the low altitude city of Dushanbe, relatively mild winters.

Snowfall rapidly increases with altitude. The climate of the mountainous Gorno-Badakhshan Autonomous Oblast (GBAO), which occupies the eastern half of Tajikistan, is more extreme. The mountainous east receives 90% of Tajikistan's yearly precipitation, and its average annual temperature is 49°F; in Dushanbe it's 65 °F.

Terrain:

Pamir and Alay Mountains dominate landscape; western Fergana Valley in north, Kofarnihon and Vakhsh Valleys in southwest

Natural Resources:

hydropower, some petroleum, uranium, mercury, brown coal, lead, zinc, antimony, tungsten, silver, gold

Natural Hazards:

earthquakes and floods

Irrigated Land:

2,865 Square Miles
7,421 Square Kilometers

Environmental Issues:

inadequate sanitation facilities; increasing levels of soil salinity; industrial pollution; excessive pesticides

Environment - International Agreements:

party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Environmental Modification, Ozone Layer Protection, Wetlands

signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

Tajikistan Geography

Geographic Location Asia
Total Area 55,251 Square Miles
143,100 Square Kilometers
Land Area 54,637 Square Miles
141,510 Square Kilometers
Water Area 1,000 Square Miles
2,590 Square Kilometers
Land Boundaries 2,269 Miles
3,651 Kilometers
Irrigated Land 2,865 Square Miles
7,421 Square Kilometers
Border Countries Afghanistan 1,206 km, China 414 km, Kyrgyzstan 870 km, Uzbekistan 1,161 km
Geographic Coordinates 39 00 N, 71 00 E
Terrain Pamir and Alay Mountains dominate landscape; western Fergana Valley in north, Kofarnihon and Vakhsh Valleys in southwest
Highest Point 7,495 Meters
Highest Point Location Qullai Ismoili Somoni 7,495 m
Lowest Point 300 Meters
Lowest Point Location Syr Darya (Sirdaryo) 300 m
Natural Resources hydropower, some petroleum, uranium, mercury, brown coal, lead, zinc, antimony, tungsten, silver, gold
Time Zone UTC+5 (10 hours ahead of Washington, DC, during Standard Time)
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