Tajikistan Economy

Is Tajikistan a rich country?

Tajikistan is a poor, mountainous country with an economy dominated by minerals extraction, metals processing, agriculture, and reliance on remittances from citizens working abroad. Mineral resources include silver, gold, uranium, antimony, tungsten, and coal. Industry consists mainly of small obsolete factories in food processing and light industry, substantial hydropower facilities, and a large aluminum plant - currently operating well below its capacity. The 1992-97 civil war severely damaged an already weak economic infrastructure and caused a sharp decline in industrial and agricultural production. Today, Tajikistan is the poorest among the former Soviet republics. Because less than 7% of the land area is arable and cotton is the predominant crop, Tajikistan imports approximately 70% of its food.

Since the end of the civil war, the country has pursued half-hearted reforms and privatizations in the economic sphere, but its poor business climate remains a hindrance to attracting foreign investment. Some experts estimate the value of narcotics transiting Tajikistan is equivalent to 30%-50% of GDP.

Because of a lack of employment opportunities in Tajikistan, more than one million Tajik citizens work abroad - roughly 90% in Russia - supporting families back home through remittances that in 2017 were equivalent to nearly 35% of GDP. Tajikistan’s large remittances from migrant workers in Russia exposes it to monetary shocks. Tajikistan often delays devaluation of its currency for fear of inflationary pressures on food and other consumables. Recent slowdowns in the Russian and Chinese economies, low commodity prices, and currency fluctuations have hampered economic growth. The dollar value of remittances from Russia to Tajikistan dropped by almost 65% in 2015, and the government spent almost $500 million in 2016 to bail out the country’s still troubled banking sector.

Tajikistan’s growing public debt – currently about 50% of GDP – could result in financial difficulties. Remittances from Russia increased in 2017, however, bolstering the economy somewhat. China owns about 50% of Tajikistan’s outstanding debt. Tajikistan has borrowed heavily to finance investment in the country’s vast hydropower potential. In 2016, Tajikistan contracted with the Italian firm Salini Impregilo to build the Roghun dam over a 13-year period for $3.9 billion. A 2017 Eurobond has largely funded Roghun’s first phase, after which sales from Roghun’s output are expected to fund the rest of its construction. The government has not ruled out issuing another Eurobond to generate auxiliary funding for its second phase.

Tajikistan Economy Data

What is the GDP of Tajikistan?

GDP - Gross Domestic Product (PPP) $22,400,000,000 (USD)
GDP - official exchange rate $8,045,000,000 (USD)
GDP - real growth rate 3%
GDP Per Capita $2,800.00 (USD)
GDP by Sector- agriculture 25.7%
GDP by Sector- Industry 17.3%
GDP by Sector- services 57%
GDP - composition, by end use household consumption: 116.9%

government consumption: 12.6%

investment in fixed capital: 13.9%

investment in inventories: 3.4%

exports of goods and services: 17.2%

imports of goods and services: -64%
Population Below Poverty Line 53%
Inflation Rate 5.8%
Labor Force 2,100,000
Labor Force By Occupation- agriculture 46.5%
Labor Force By Occupation- industry 10.7%
Labor Force By Occupation- services 42.8%
Unemployment Rate 2.2%
Unemployment - note official rates; actual unemployment is much higher
Fiscal Year calendar year
Annual Budget $1,482,000,000 (USD)
Taxes and other revenues - percent of GDP 28.5%
Major Industries aluminum, zinc, lead, chemicals and fertilizers, cement, vegetable oil, metal-cutting machine tools, refrigerators and freezers
Industrial Growth Rate 7.5%
Agriculture Products cotton, grain, fruits, grapes, vegetables; cattle, sheep, goats
Currency Code somoni
Child Labor - % of children ages 5-14 10%
Child Labor - # of children ages 5-14 164,432
Commercial Bank Prime Lending Rate 22%

Labor Force by Occupation- As reported by Tajikistan

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