Sudan Economy

Is Sudan a rich country?

Sudan has experienced protracted social conflict and the loss of three quarters of its oil production due to the secession of South Sudan. The oil sector had driven much of Sudan's GDP growth since 1999. For nearly a decade, the economy boomed on the back of rising oil production, high oil prices, and significant inflows of foreign direct investment. Since the economic shock of South Sudan's secession, Sudan has struggled to stabilize its economy and make up for the loss of foreign exchange earnings. The interruption of oil production in South Sudan in 2012 for over a year and the consequent loss of oil transit fees further exacerbated the fragile state of Sudan’s economy. Ongoing conflicts in Southern Kordofan, Darfur, and the Blue Nile states, lack of basic infrastructure in large areas, and reliance by much of the population on subsistence agriculture, keep close to half of the population at or below the poverty line.



Sudan was subject to comprehensive US sanctions, which were lifted in October 2017. Sudan is attempting to develop non-oil sources of revenues, such as gold mining and agriculture, while carrying out an austerity program to reduce expenditures. The world’s largest exporter of gum Arabic, Sudan produces 75-80% of the world’s total output. Agriculture continues to employ 80% of the work force.



Sudan introduced a new currency, still called the Sudanese pound, following South Sudan's secession, but the value of the currency has fallen since its introduction. Khartoum formally devalued the currency in June 2012, when it passed austerity measures that included gradually repealing fuel subsidies. Sudan also faces high inflation, which reached 47% on an annual basis in November 2012 but fell to about 35% per year in 2017.

Sudan Economy Data

What is the GDP of Sudan?

Currency Name and Code Sudanese Point (SDG)
GDP - Gross Domestic Product (PPP) $160,200,000,000 (USD)
GDP - official exchange rate $84,330,000,000 (USD)
GDP - real growth rate 3.5%
GDP Per Capita $4,500.00 (USD)
GDP by Sector- agriculture 28.9%
GDP by Sector- Industry 20.4%
GDP by Sector- services 50.7%
GDP - composition, by end use household consumption: 78.7%

government consumption: 6.7%

investment in fixed capital: 19%

investment in inventories: 1%

exports of goods and services: 7.6%

imports of goods and services: -13%\
Population Below Poverty Line 40%
Inflation Rate 11.8%
Labor Force 11,920,000
Labor Force By Occupation- agriculture 80%
Labor Force By Occupation- industry 7%
Labor Force By Occupation- services 13%
Unemployment Rate 18.7%
Fiscal Year calendar year
Annual Budget $11,060,000,000 (USD)
Budget Surplus or Deficit - percent of GDP -4.4%
Public Debt (% of GDP) 79%
Taxes and other revenues - percent of GDP 8.6%
Major Industries oil, cotton ginning, textiles, cement, edible oils, sugar, soap distilling, shoes, petroleum refining, pharmaceuticals, armaments, automobile/light truck assembly
Industrial Growth Rate 3.5%
Agriculture Products cotton, groundnuts (peanuts), sorghum, millet, wheat, gum arabic, sugarcane, cassava (tapioca), mangos, papaya, bananas, sweet potatoes, sesame; sheep, livestock
Exchange Rate per US Dollar Sudanese dinar (SDD)

Labor Force by Occupation- As reported by Sudan

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