What is the capital of Spain?
|Full Country Name||Kingdom of Spain|
|Local - Long||Reino de Espana|
|Local - Short||Espana|
|Etymology- history of name||derivation of the name "Espana" is uncertain, but may come from the Phoenician term "span," related to the word "spy," meaning "to forge metals," so, "i-spn-ya" would mean "place where metals are forged"; the ancient Phoenicians long exploited the Iberian Peninsula for its mineral wealth|
|Government Type||parliamentary constitutional monarchy|
|Capital - geographic coordinate||40 24 N, 3 41 W|
|Capital Time Difference||
UTC+1 (6 hours ahead of Washington, DC, during Standard Time)
note: Spain has two time zones including the Canary Islands
|Daylight Savings Time||+1hr, begins last Sunday in March; ends last Sunday in October|
|Independence||1492; the Iberian peninsula was characterized by a variety of independent kingdoms prior to the Muslim occupation that began in the early 8th century A.D. and lasted nearly seven centuries; the small Christian redoubts of the north began the reconquest almost immediately, culminating in the seizure of Granada in 1492; this event completed the unification of several kingdoms and is traditionally considered the forging of present-day Spain|
|National Holiday||National Day, 12 October (1492); year when Columbus first set foot in the Americas|
history: previous 1812; latest approved by the General Courts 31 October 1978, passed by referendum 6 December 1978, signed by the king 27 December 1978, effective 29 December 1978
amendments: proposed by the government, by the General Courts (the Congress or the Senate), or by the self-governing communities submitted through the government; passage requires three-fifths majority vote by both houses and passage by referendum if required by one-tenth of the members of either house within 15 days of passage; proposals disapproved by both houses are submitted to a joint committee, which submits an agreed upon text for another vote; passage requires two-thirds vote in Congress and simple majority vote in the Senate; amended 1992, 2007, 2011
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