Somalia Travel Information

Travel Alert Status

Level 4: Do Not Travel

Time Difference

UTC+3 (8 hours ahead of Washington, DC, during Standard Time)

Travel Climate

Climate is the primary factor in much of Somali life. For the
large nomadic population, the timing and amount of rainfall are
crucial determinants of the adequacy of grazing and the prospects
of relative prosperity. During droughts such as occurred during
1974-75 and 1984-85, starvation can occur.

Somalis recognize four seasons, two rainy (gu and
day) and two dry (jiilaal and hagaa). The
gu rains begin in April and last until June, producing a
fresh supply of pasture and for a brief period turning the desert
into a flowering garden. Lush vegetation covers most of the land,
especially the central grazing plateau where grass grows tall.
Milk and meat abound, water is plentiful, and animals do not
require much care. The clans, reprieved from four months'
drought, assemble to engage alternately in banter and poetic
exchange or in a new cycle of hereditary feuds. They also offer
sacrifices to Allah and to the founding clan ancestors, whose
blessings they seek. Numerous social functions occur: marriages
are contracted, outstanding disputes are settled or exacerbated,
and a person's age is calculated in terms of the number of
gus he or she has lived. The gu season is followed
by the hagaa drought (July-September) and the hagaa
by the day rains (October-November). Next is
jiilaal (December-March), the harshest season for
pastoralists and their herds.

Most of the country receives less than 500 millimeters of
rain annually, and a large area encompassing the northeast and
much of northern Somalia receives as little as 50 to 150
millimeters. Certain higher areas in the north, however, record
more than 500 millimeters a year, as do some coastal sites. The
southwest receives 330 to 500 millimeters. Generally, rainfall
takes the form of showers or localized torrential rains and is
extremely variable.

Mean daily maximum temperatures throughout the country range
from 30° C to 40° C, except at higher elevations and along
Indian Ocean coast. Mean daily minimum temperatures vary from
20° C to more than 30° C. Northern Somalia experiences the
temperature extremes, with readings ranging from below freezing
in the highlands in December to more than 45° C in July in the
coastal plain skirting the Gulf of Aden. The north's relative
humidity ranges from about 40 percent in midafternoon to 85
percent at night, varying somewhat with the season. During the
colder months, December to February, visibility at higher
elevations is often restricted by fog.

Temperatures in the south are less extreme, ranging from
about 20° C to 40° C. The hottest months are February
April. Coastal readings are usually five to ten degrees cooler
than those inland. The coastal zone's relative humidity usually
remains about 70 percent even during the dry seasons.

Travel Currency

Somali shilling (SOS)

Language Spoken

Standard Somali with its diverse scripts based on clan affiliation, is now written in Latin script. Literacy has increased dramatically. English, Italian and Arabic are spoken by educated Somali. The Somali language stems from the Cushitic language family.


Somali (official), Arabic, Italian, English

Ethnic Groups

Somali 85%, Bantu and other non-Somali 15% (including Arabs 30,000)

National Holiday

Foundation of the Somali Republic, 1 July (1960); note - 26 June (1960) in Somaliland

Geographic Coordinates

10 00 N, 49 00 E


Eastern Africa, bordering the Gulf of Aden and the Indian Ocean, east of Ethiopia



Somalia Weather

Somalia Currency Exchange

All Countries
Afghanistan Akrotiri Albania Algeria American Samoa Andorra Angola Anguilla Antarctica Antigua and Barbuda Argentina Armenia Aruba Australia Austria Azerbaijan Bahamas Bahrain Bangladesh Barbados Belarus Belgium Belize Benin Bermuda Bhutan Bolivia Bosnia and Herzegovina Botswana Brazil British Indian Ocean Territory British Virgin Islands Brunei Bulgaria Burkina Faso Burma Burundi Cabo Verde Cambodia Cameroon Canada Cayman Islands Central African Republic Chad Chile China Christmas Island Clipperton Island Cocos (Keeling) Islands Colombia Comoros Congo, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Republic of the Cook Islands Coral Sea Islands Costa Rica Cote d’Ivoire Croatia Cuba Curacao Cyprus Czech Republic Denmark Dhekelia Djibouti Dominica Dominican Republic Ecuador Egypt El Salvador Equatorial Guinea Eritrea Estonia Eswatini Ethiopia Falkland Islands Faroe Islands Fiji Finland France French Guiana French Polynesia Gabon Gambia, The Gaza Strip Georgia Germany Ghana Gibraltar Greece Greenland Grenada Guadeloupe Guam Guatemala Guernsey Guinea Guinea-Bissau Guyana Haiti Holy See Honduras Hong Kong Hungary Iceland India Indonesia Iran Iraq Ireland Isle of Man Israel Italy Jamaica Jan Mayen Japan Jersey Jordan Kazakhstan Kenya Kiribati Korea, North Korea, South Kosovo Kuwait Kyrgyzstan Laos Latvia Lebanon Lesotho Liberia Libya Liechtenstein Lithuania Luxembourg Macau Madagascar Malawi Malaysia Maldives Mali Malta Marshall Islands Martinique Mauritania Mauritius Mayotte Mexico Micronesia Moldova Monaco Mongolia Montenegro Montserrat Morocco Mozambique Namibia Nauru Nepal Netherlands New Caledonia New Zealand Nicaragua Niger Nigeria Niue Norfolk Island North Macedonia Northern Mariana Islands Norway Oman Pakistan Palau Panama Papua New Guinea Paraguay Peru Philippines Pitcairn Islands Poland Portugal Puerto Rico Qatar Reunion Romania Russia Rwanda Saint Helena, Ascension, and Tristan da Cunha Saint Kitts and Nevis Saint Lucia Saint Pierre and Miquelon Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Samoa San Marino Sao Tome and Principe Saudi Arabia Senegal Serbia Seychelles Sierra Leone Singapore Slovakia Slovenia Solomon Islands Somalia South Africa Spain Sri Lanka Sudan Sudan, South Suriname Svalbard Sweden Switzerland Syria Taiwan Tajikistan Tanzania Thailand Timor-Leste Togo Tokelau Tonga Trinidad and Tobago Tunisia Turkey Turkmenistan Turks and Caicos Islands Tuvalu Uganda Ukraine United Arab Emirates United Kingdom United States (US) Uruguay Uzbekistan Vanuatu Venezuela Vietnam Virgin Islands Wake Island Wallis and Futuna West Bank Western Sahara World Yemen Zambia Zimbabwe