Somalia Economy

Is Somalia a rich country?

Despite the lack of effective national governance, Somalia maintains an informal economy largely based on livestock, remittance/money transfer companies, and telecommunications. Somalia's government lacks the ability to collect domestic revenue and external debt – mostly in arrears – was estimated at about 77% of GDP in 2017.

Agriculture is the most important sector, with livestock normally accounting for about 40% of GDP and more than 50% of export earnings. Nomads and semi-pastoralists, who are dependent upon livestock for their livelihood, make up a large portion of the population. Economic activity is estimated to have increased by 2.4% in 2017 because of growth in the agriculture, construction and telecommunications sector. Somalia's small industrial sector, based on the processing of agricultural products, has largely been looted and the machinery sold as scrap metal.

In recent years, Somalia's capital city, Mogadishu, has witnessed the development of the city's first gas stations, supermarkets, and airline flights to Turkey since the collapse of central authority in 1991. Mogadishu's main market offers a variety of goods from food to electronic gadgets. Hotels continue to operate and are supported with private-security militias. Formalized economic growth has yet to expand outside of Mogadishu and a few regional capitals, and within the city, security concerns dominate business. Telecommunication firms provide wireless services in most major cities and offer the lowest international call rates on the continent. In the absence of a formal banking sector, money transfer/remittance services have sprouted throughout the country, handling up to $1.6 billion in remittances annually, although international concerns over the money transfers into Somalia continues to threaten these services’ ability to operate in Western nations. In 2017, Somalia elected a new president and collected a record amount of foreign aid and investment, a positive sign for economic recovery.

Somalia Economy Data

What is the GDP of Somalia?

GDP - Gross Domestic Product (PPP) $5,896,000,000 (USD)
GDP - official exchange rate $5,800,000,000 (USD)
GDP - real growth rate 2.6%
GDP Per Capita $400.00 (USD)
GDP by Sector- agriculture 60.2%
GDP by Sector- Industry 7.4%
GDP by Sector- services 32.5%
GDP - composition, by end use household consumption: 72.7%

government consumption: 8.7%

investment in fixed capital: 19.9%

investment in inventories: 0.4%

exports of goods and services: 0.3%

imports of goods and services: -1.7%
Labor Force 3,447,000
Labor Force By Occupation- agriculture 9%
Labor Force By Occupation- industry 26%
Labor Force By Occupation- services 65%
Annual Budget $0 (USD)
Major Industries a few light industries, including sugar refining, textiles, petroleum refining (mostly shut down), wireless communication
Agriculture Products cattle, sheep, goats; bananas, sorghum, corn, coconuts, rice, sugarcane, mangoes, sesame seeds, beans; fish
Currency Code Somali shilling (SOS)
Child Labor - % of children ages 5-14 49%
Child Labor - # of children ages 5-14 1,148,265

Labor Force by Occupation- As reported by Somalia

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