Slovakia Demographics

What is the population of Slovakia?

Population 5,440,602
Population Growth Rate 0.09%
Urban Population 54.7%
Population in Major Urban Areas BRATISLAVA (capital) 434,000
Nationality Noun Slovak(s)
Nationality Adjective Slovak
Ethnic Groups Slovak 85.7%, Hungarian 10.6%, Roma 1.6% (the 1992 census figures underreport the Gypsy/Romany community, which is about 500,000), Czech, Moravian, Silesian 1.1%, Ruthenian and Ukrainian 0.6%, German 0.1%, Polish 0.1%, other 0.2% (1996)
Languages Spoken Slovak (official), Hungarian
Language Note Slovaks speak Slovak. Hungarian is the second most commonly spoken language, especially in the south. German is widely understood, while English is the language of choice to study in school. The Slovak Republic was formed at the time of the division of the Czech Republic in 1993.

Slovakia Health Information

What are the health conditions in Slovakia?

Death Rate - deaths/1,000 population 9.69
Drinking Water Source - percent of rural population improved 100%
Drinking Water Source - percent of urban population improved 100%
Health Expenditures - percent of GDP 9%
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate 0.07%
HIV/Aids Deaths 90
Hospital Bed Density - beds/1,000 population 6.4
Infant Mortality Rate - female deaths/1,000 live births 5.24
Infant Mortality Rate - male deaths/1,000 live births 7.4
Infant Mortality Rate - total deaths/1,000 live births 6.35
Maternal Mortality Rate - deaths/100,000 live births 6
Mean Age for Mother's First Birth 27.3
Obesity - adult prevalence rate 25.4%
People Living with HIV/AIDS 450
Physicians Density - physicians/1,000 population 3
Sanitation Facility Access - percent of total population unimproved 0.3%
Sanitation Facility Access - percent of urban population improved 99.9%
Sanitation Facility Access - percent of rural population improved 99.6%
Total Fertility Rate - children born/woman 1.39

Slovakia Life Expectancy

How long do people live in Slovakia?

Life Expectancy at Birth 76 Years
Life Expectancy at Birth - female 80 Years
Life Expectancy at Birth - male 72 Years
Median Age 38 Years
Median Age - female 39 Years
Median Age - male 36 Years

Slovakia Infant Mortality - per 1,000 live births

Slovakia median age, birth rate and death rates

Birth Rate - births/1,000 population 10
Death Rate - deaths/1,000 population 9.69
Median Age 38 Years
Median Age - female 39 Years
Median Age - male 36 Years
Net Migration Rate - migrant(s)/1,000 population .29
Population Growth Rate 0.09%
Sex Ratio 0-14 Years - male/female 1.05
Sex Ratio 15-24 Years - male/female 1.06
Sex Ratio 25-54 Years - male/female 1.02
Sex Ratio 55-64 Years - male/female .94
Sex Ratio at Birth - male/female 1.07
Sex Ratio of Total Population - male/female .94
Sex Ratio Over 64 Years - male/female .6

Slovakia Medical Information

What are the health conditions in Slovakia?

Medical Facilities and Health Information

Medical facilities are available in Slovakia, although the quality and availability varies within the country. For any emergency, including a medical emergency, call 112 within Slovakia free of charge. An English-speaking dispatcher should be available. According to the level of the medical emergency, the dispatcher may send an ambulance, which may be medically equipped and staffed by paramedics or a physician if the patient’s condition warrants it. Only a limited number of doctors speak English. Doctors and hospitals expect cash payment for health services unless the patient can present an insurance number from the Slovak National Insurance Company. This includes ambulance service, for which the cost begins at 120 euro for those without local Slovak health insurance. Serious medical problems requiring hospitalization and/or medical evacuation to the United States can cost tens of thousands of dollars or more. Medical prescriptions issued in the United States are not valid in Slovakia. If a prescription is needed, a local doctor must issue it. Medicines are generally available locally at pharmacies, where customers ask the pharmacist for every product including over-the-counter medicines; if they are not available under the U.S. drug name, you should consult the pharmacist or a local doctor for a local substitute. The Ministry of Health administers the use of medicines, and medicine brought into Slovakia for personal use may be subject to comparison against the list of those authorized for use in Slovakia.

Slovakia Education

What is school like in Slovakia?

Education Expenditures - percent of GDP 4.2%
Literacy - female 99.6%
Literacy - male 99.7%
Literacy - total population 99.6%
Literacy Definition NA
School Life Expectancy - female 12 Years
School Life Expectancy - male 12 Years
Total School Life Expectancy - (primary to tertiary) 12 Years

Slovakia Literacy

Can people in Slovakia read?

Literacy - female 99.6%
Literacy - male 99.7%
Literacy - total population 99.6%
Literacy Definition NA
Predominant Language Slovak (official), Hungarian

Slovakia Crime

Is Slovakia a safe place to visit?

Crime Information

Police forces suffer from a lack of manpower, resources, and equipment. Local police do not usually speak English. Western visitors, especially short-term visitors such as tourists and students, are the primary foreign targets of street crime. The majority of street crime is non-violent. The most common crimes reported include pick-pocketing and cell phone and bag/purse theft, particularly during the summer months. Other crimes reported in the past include the less common robbery, and drugging and robbing of unsuspecting victims at nightspots and bars. Most thefts reported by U.S. citizens occur at crowded tourist sites (such as Bratislava’s Old Town area) or on public buses, trams, or trains. Thieves in Slovakia often work in groups or pairs. In most cases, one thief distracts the victim, another performs the robbery, and a third person hands off the stolen item to a nearby accomplice. Groups of street children are known to divert tourists’ attention so that a member of their group can pickpocket the tourists while they are distracted.

Foreigners and minorities, particularly non-white individuals, have been victims of racially motivated incidents in Slovakia, and may be especially subject to various types of harassment, such as verbal abuse.

Both indigenous and foreign organized crime groups are well established in Slovakia. They do not target U.S. citizens or other foreign individuals and tend to coexist peacefully in tourist districts so as not to scare away tourist dollars. Though not common, violent incidents sometimes do occur.

Don’t buy counterfeit and pirated goods, even if they are widely available. Not only are the bootlegs illegal to bring back into the United States, but you will be breaking local law too.

Slovakia Penalties for Crime

Criminal Penalties

While you are traveling in Slovakia, you are subject to its laws even if you are a U.S. citizen. Foreign laws and legal systems can be vastly different than our own, and criminal penalties vary from country to country. There are also some things that might be legal in the country you visit, but still illegal in the United States; for instance, engaging in sexual conduct with children or using or disseminating child pornography in a foreign country is a crime prosecutable in the United States. While you are overseas, U.S. laws don’t apply. If you do something illegal in Slovakia, your U.S. passport won’t help you avoid arrest or prosecution. It’s very important to know the laws of the country you are visiting. Driving under the influence is not allowed under Slovak law; the permissible blood alcohol level is zero, and driving while intoxicated is a crime. If stopped, a driver who is found operating a vehicle while intoxicated will experience a trip to the police station at a minimum.

Taking photographs of security/military installations (for example, military bases, government buildings, nuclear power plants, etc.) is prohibited in Slovakia. If you violate this law, authorities may confiscate the film, issue a reprimand or fine, or even expel you from the country. Serious cases may be reported to and handled by local and/or military police.

Everyone in Slovakia over 15 years of age, including U.S. citizen visitors, is required by law to carry a passport at all times. It is not sufficient to carry a photocopy of the passport, although we recommend that you keep a photocopy of your passport in a safe place. The police have the right to ask U.S. citizens for identification, and only a passport showing legal entry and/or legal residency status is adequate evidence.

A document other than a passport may not be considered sufficient proof of identity and legal status in Slovakia. If you are asked for your passport with residency permit and you do not have it, you risk a spot fine and/or detention by the police.

If you are arrested in Slovakia, authorities are required to notify the U.S. Embassy of your arrest. If you are concerned the Department of State may not be aware of your situation, you should request the police or prison officials to notify the U.S. Embassy of your arrest.

Slovakia Population Comparison

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