Serbia Demographics

What is the population of Serbia?

Population 7,012,165
Population - note note: does not include the population of Kosovo
Population Growth Rate -0.46%
Urban Population 56.4%
Population in Major Urban Areas BELGRADE (capital) 1.135 million
Nationality Noun Serb(s); Montenegrin(s)
Nationality Adjective Serbian; Montenegrin
Ethnic Groups Serb 62.6%, Albanian 16.5%, Montenegrin 5%, Hungarian 3.3%, other 12.6%
Languages Spoken Serbian 95%, Albanian 5%

Serbia Learning

What is school like in Serbia?


More than 70% of schools in rural areas are very old buildings. During the 90s period, the maintenance of schools was neglected. TV news reported about leaky ceilings, drafty windows, etc. Some objects were even closed because of the fear they would collapse. However, in recent years much has been done to improve the situation, fixing the roofs, improving the toilet and sanitation systems. Equipment and tools still are a problem because they are usually very expensive. All schools have desks, books (usually old books) and the basics but very few have computers or any modern equipment. Musical instruments are also quite expensive, so some schools may have a small piano older than 15 years. Also, a substantial percentage of rural kids do not have computers.

Education Culture

Serbia has a big problem with unemployment. Therefore, parents tend to provide the best possible education they can to their kids in hopes that they will be able to provide them with a decent future. There were many public discussions about whether today's education in Serbia is too old and too wide. Because of the civil war in the '90s, education has lost its pace, but many complained that the knowledge is too in-depth and that the children get encyclopedic knowledge they can not cash in after graduation. However, music (theory) and painting will certainly remain dominant classes when it comes to art, but there is a slim chance that drama, journalism, sculpturing, and such will come into the spotlight. In rural areas, the possibilities outside music and painting are virtually non-existent.


School starts at 8 a.m. and typically ends around 1 p.m. Younger grades naturally leave early. First graders have 30-minute classes, but a normal class period in Serbia is 45 minutes. After the second class (in Serbia called čas) there is a lunch break. Schools typically do not have lunch halls and pupils in most cases bring their food from home or buy it if there is a store in the vicinity. Homemade food, in most cases, is a sandwich, and stores offer standard fast-food menus (hamburgers, Danish, donuts, crepes). The Teacher (in elementary school, very similar to the homeroom teacher) is in charge of the discipline. Pupils often go to the principal's office for medium-scale and major violations (fight, theft, damage and destruction of property, etc.). Serbian pupils do not wear uniforms. During the class, if adult person enters or exits the room pupils are expected to stand up. If students wish to talk to a teacher in the hall or if the teacher addresses them, the greeting would be dobar dan (good day).

To School

However, getting to school is sometimes a feat of its own. Often, a few villages share one school. Considering the population, this would not be a problem, but from a metric point of view, kids sometimes have to walk two or more hours to school in some areas. Some have a paved or asphalt road, so a local bus can take them at least a part of their way, but in mountain areas, sometimes there are no decent roads, and in winter conditions, going to school is challenging. In cases where there are means of transportation, there are options. In Serbia, there is no school bus service, so kids either take a ride in the local bus or hitch a ride from parents going to work, friends, relatives, or neighbors going the same way. Grandparents often accompany young kids to and from school. It is interesting and, at the same time, alarming that the large number of rural children who finish elementary school never move on to high school or University because of the commuting fee and poverty (renting an apartment in the city, living expenses, tuition fees, etc.)

Serbia Health Information

What are the health conditions in Serbia?

Contraceptive Prevalence Rate - female 15-49 60.8%
Death Rate - deaths/1,000 population 13.77
Diseases - note highly pathogenic H5N1 avian influenza has been identified in this country; it poses a negligible risk with extremely rare cases possible among US citizens who have close contact with birds
Drinking Water Source - percent of rural population improved 98.9%
Drinking Water Source - percent of total population unimproved 0.8%
Drinking Water Source - percent of urban population improved 99.4%
Food or Waterborne Disease (s) bacterial diarrhea
Health Expenditures - percent of GDP 10.4%
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate 0.1%
HIV/Aids Deaths 90
Hospital Bed Density - beds/1,000 population 5.4
Infant Mortality Rate - female deaths/1,000 live births 5.26
Infant Mortality Rate - male deaths/1,000 live births 7.24
Infant Mortality Rate - total deaths/1,000 live births 6.28
Major Infectious Diseases - degree of risk intermediate
Maternal Mortality Rate - deaths/100,000 live births 12
Mean Age for Mother's First Birth 27.2
Obesity - adult prevalence rate 24.8%
People Living with HIV/AIDS 6,400
Physicians Density - physicians/1,000 population 2.11
Sanitation Facility Access - percent of total population unimproved 2.7%
Sanitation Facility Access - percent of urban population improved 98.6%
Sanitation Facility Access - percent of rural population improved 95.7%
Total Fertility Rate - children born/woman 1.41
Underweight - percent of children under five years 1.6%

Serbia Life Expectancy

How long do people live in Serbia?

Life Expectancy at Birth 74 Years
Life Expectancy at Birth - female 77 Years
Life Expectancy at Birth - male 71 Years
Median Age 41 Years
Median Age - female 43 Years
Median Age - male 40 Years

Serbia Infant Mortality - per 1,000 live births

Serbia median age, birth rate and death rates

Birth Rate - births/1,000 population 9
Death Rate - deaths/1,000 population 13.77
Median Age 41 Years
Median Age - female 43 Years
Median Age - male 40 Years
Population Growth Rate -0.46%
Sex Ratio 0-14 Years - male/female 1.07
Sex Ratio 15-24 Years - male/female 1.06
Sex Ratio 25-54 Years - male/female 1.02
Sex Ratio 55-64 Years - male/female .95
Sex Ratio at Birth - male/female 1.07
Sex Ratio of Total Population - male/female .95
Sex Ratio Over 64 Years - male/female .69

Serbia Medical Information

What are the health conditions in Serbia?

Medical Facilities and Health Information

Many doctors and other health care providers in Serbia are highly trained, but the equipment and hygiene in hospitals, clinics, and ambulances are usually not up to Western standards. You can get many medicines and basic medical supplies at private pharmacies, but you should not expect to find the same kinds or brands of medication or medical supplies in Serbia as in the United States. Hospitals usually require payment in cash for all services, and do not accept U.S. health insurance, Medicare, or Medicaid as payment.

Serbia Education

What is school like in Serbia?

Education Expenditures - percent of GDP 4.8%
Literacy - female 94.1%
Literacy - male 98.9%
Literacy - total population 96.4%
Literacy Definition age 15 and over can read and write
School Life Expectancy - female 14 Years
School Life Expectancy - male 13 Years
Total School Life Expectancy - (primary to tertiary) 14 Years

Serbia Literacy

Can people in Serbia read?

Literacy - female 94.1%
Literacy - male 98.9%
Literacy - total population 96.4%
Literacy Definition age 15 and over can read and write
Predominant Language Serbian 95%, Albanian 5%

Serbia Crime

Is Serbia a safe place to visit?

Crime Information

Belgrade does not have high levels of street crime, but pick-pocketing and purse snatchings do occasionally occur. People traveling to Serbia should take the same precautions in Belgrade as they would in any large city in the United States. Most crimes happen because people let their guard down. Unlocked cars, items left in plain sight in a car, open gates, and open garage doors make attractive targets for thieves. Car thefts or break-ins can happen any time, day or night, in all sections of Belgrade and other parts of the country. Using security devices such as auto alarms, fuel-line interrupter switches, or steering-wheel locking devices may discourage or frustrate auto theft, but no device can guarantee one hundred percent protection against determined thieves. In Serbia, difficult economic conditions have sparked the growth of an organized criminal class, and violent crime is most often associated with organized crime activities. Tourists are almost never the targets of violent crime, but Mafia-style reprisals have occurred, including in places where tourists gather such as hotels, restaurants, shops, and busy streets. When those kinds of crimes happen, innocent bystanders may become victims of crime. You should be especially vigilant in Serbian city centers, just as you would anywhere else in the world.

When taking taxicabs in Serbia, travelers should pay attention to cab meters and listed fares as taxi drivers sometimes try to charge foreigners higher rates.

Do not buy counterfeit or pirated goods, even if they are widely available. Not only are the bootlegs illegal in the United States, if you purchase them you may also be breaking local law.

Serbia Penalties for Crime

Criminal Penalties

While traveling in Serbia, you are subject to its laws even if you are a U.S. citizen. Foreign laws and legal systems can be vastly different from our own. In some places you may be taken in for questioning if you do not have your passport with you. Also, it may be illegal to take pictures of certain buildings. In Belgrade, you are not permitted to take pictures of the old annex of the Ministry of Defense building or the old Ministry of the Interior building. Insome places, driving under the influence could land you immediately in jail. . There are also some activities that might be legal in Serbia, but still illegal in the United States., You can be prosecuted under U.S. law if you buy pirated goods. Engaging in sexual conduct with children or using or disseminating child pornography in a foreign country is a crime prosecutable in the United States.

You should try to remain aware of local laws and their implications. If you break local laws in Serbia, your U.S. passport will not help you avoid arrest or prosecution. .If you are arrested in Serbia, Serbian authorities are required to notify the nearest U.S. embassy or consulate of your arrest. If you are concerned the Department of State may not be aware of your situation, you should request the police or prison officials to notify the nearest U.S. embassy or consulate of your arrest.

Serbia Population Comparison

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