Senegal Economy

Is Senegal a rich country?

Senegal’s economy is driven by mining, construction, tourism, fisheries and agriculture, which are the primary sources of employment in rural areas. The country's key export industries include phosphate mining, fertilizer production, agricultural products and commercial fishing and Senegal is also working on oil exploration projects. It relies heavily on donor assistance, remittances and foreign direct investment. Senegal reached a growth rate of 7% in 2017, due in part to strong performance in agriculture despite erratic rainfall.

President Macky SALL, who was elected in March 2012 under a reformist policy agenda, inherited an economy with high energy costs, a challenging business environment, and a culture of overspending. President SALL unveiled an ambitious economic plan, the Emerging Senegal Plan (ESP), which aims to implement priority economic reforms and investment projects to increase economic growth while preserving macroeconomic stability and debt sustainability. Bureaucratic bottlenecks and a challenging business climate are among the perennial challenges that may slow the implementation of this plan.

Senegal receives technical support from the IMF under a Policy Support Instrument (PSI) to assist with implementation of the ESP. The PSI implementation continues to be satisfactory as concluded by the IMF’s fifth review in December 2017. Financial markets have signaled confidence in Senegal through successful Eurobond issuances in 2014, 2017, and 2018.

The government is focusing on 19 projects under the ESP to continue The government’s goal under the ESP is structural transformation of the economy. Key projects include the Thiès-Touba Highway, the new international airport opened in December 2017, and upgrades to energy infrastructure. The cost of electricity is a chief constraint for Senegal’s development. Electricity prices in Senegal are among the highest in the world. Power Africa, a US presidential initiative led by USAID, supports Senegal’s plans to improve reliability and increase generating capacity.

Senegal Economy Data

What is the GDP of Senegal?

Currency Name and Code CFA Franc BCEAO (XOF)
GDP - Gross Domestic Product (PPP) $34,200,000,000 (USD)
GDP - official exchange rate $13,990,000,000 (USD)
GDP - real growth rate 5.1%
GDP Per Capita $2,500.00 (USD)
GDP by Sector- agriculture 17.1%
GDP by Sector- Industry 24.3%
GDP by Sector- services 58.6%
GDP - composition, by end use household consumption: 76.5%

government consumption: 15.2%

investment in fixed capital: 25.7%

investment in inventories: 0.9%

exports of goods and services: 27%

imports of goods and services: -45.3%
Population Below Poverty Line 54%
Inflation Rate 1.2%
Labor Force 5,530,000
Labor Force By Occupation- agriculture 77.5%
Unemployment Rate 48%
Fiscal Year calendar year
Annual Budget $2,726,000,000 (USD)
Budget Surplus or Deficit - percent of GDP -5.3%
Public Debt (% of GDP) 46.5%
Taxes and other revenues - percent of GDP 23.2%
Major Industries agricultural and fish processing, phosphate mining, fertilizer production, petroleum refining, construction materials
Industrial Growth Rate 3.8%
Agriculture Products peanuts, millet, corn, sorghum, rice, cotton, tomatoes, green vegetables; cattle, poultry, pigs; fish
Labor Force By Occupation - industry and services 22.5%
Child Labor - % of children ages 5-14 22%
Child Labor - # of children ages 5-14 657,216
Commercial Bank Prime Lending Rate 13.8%

Labor Force by Occupation- As reported by Senegal

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