Where is San Marino located?

What countries border San Marino?

San Marino Facts and Culture

What is San Marino famous for?

  • Cultural Attributes: San Marino, one of the world's smallest and oldest republics, possesses a rich cultural heritage shaped by its unique history,... More
  • Family: Family is important and families are very close knit. Older family members live with their younger relatives. The family size... More
  • Personal Apperance: In San Marino, traditional clothing is not commonly worn daily, as modern Western attire is predominant. However, traditional attire may... More
  • Recreation: In San Marino, recreational activities cater to various interests, from outdoor adventures to cultural pursuits. Exploring Historic Sites: San Marino... More
  • Diet: The diet in San Marino is influenced by its geographical location, historical heritage, and cultural traditions. It shares similarities with... More
  • Food and Recipes: Fagioli con le cotiche a bean soup with bacon rind is a holiday dish eaten at Christmas time.... More
  • Visiting: When visiting people in San Marino, observing certain customs and etiquette is essential to show respect and courtesy. Punctuality: Arriving... More
  • Dating: In San Marino, dating traditions are influenced by modern Western practices and traditional values. While there isn't a strict set... More

San Marino Facts

What is the capital of San Marino?

Capital San Marino (city)
Government Type parliamentary republic
Currency Euro (EUR)
Total Area 24 Square Miles
61 Square Kilometers
Location Southern Europe, an enclave in central Italy
Language Italian
GDP - real growth rate 1%
GDP - per capita (PPP) $62,100.00 (USD)

San Marino Demographics

What is the population of San Marino?

Ethnic Groups Sammarinese, Italian
Nationality Noun Sammarinese (singular and plural)
Population 34,232
Population Growth Rate 0.93%
Urban Population 94.100000

San Marino Government

What type of government does San Marino have?

Executive Branch chief of state: co-chiefs of state Captains Regent Alessandro ROSSI and Milena GASPERONI (for the period 1 April 2024 - 30 September 2024)

head of government: Secretary of State for Foreign and Political Affairs Luca BECCARI (since 8 January 2020)

cabinet: Congress of State elected by the Grand and General Council

elections/appointments: co-chiefs of state (captains regent) indirectly elected by the Grand and General Council for a single 6-month term; election last held in March 2024 (next to be held in September 2024; Secretary of State for Foreign and Political Affairs indirectly elected by the Grand and General Council for a single 5-year term; election last held on 28 December 2019 (next to be held by November 2024)

election results: March 2024: Alessandro ROSSI (Free San Marino) and Milena GASPERONI (We for the Republic) elected captains regent; percent of Grand and General Council vote - NA

September 2023: Filippo TAMAGNINI and Gaetano TROINA elected captains regent; percent of Grand and General Council vote - NA

2019: Luca BECCARI (PDCS) elected Secretary of State for Foreign and Political Affairs; percent of Grand and General Council vote - NA

note: the captains regent preside over meetings of the Grand and General Council and its cabinet (Congress of State), which has 7 other members who are selected by the Grand and General Council; assisting the captains regent are 7 secretaries of state; the secretary of state for Foreign Affairs has some prime ministerial roles
Suffrage 18 years of age; universal
Citizenship citizenship by birth: no

citizenship by descent only: at least one parent must be a citizen of San Marino

dual citizenship recognized: no

residency requirement for naturalization: 30 years
National Holiday Founding of the Republic (or Feast of Saint Marinus), 3 September (A.D. 301)
Constitution history: San Marino’s principal legislative instruments consist of old customs (antiche consuetudini), the Statutory Laws of San Marino (Leges Statutae Sancti Marini), old statutes (antichi statute) from the1600s, Brief Notes on the Constitutional Order and Institutional Organs of the Republic of San Marino (Brevi Cenni sull’Ordinamento Costituzionale e gli Organi Istituzionali della Repubblica di San Marino) and successive legislation, chief among them is the Declaration of the Rights of Citizens and Fundamental Principles of the San Marino Legal Order (Dichiarazione dei Diritti dei Cittadini e dei Principi Fondamentali dell’Ordinamento Sammarinese), approved 8 July 1974

amendments: proposed by the Great and General Council; passage requires two-thirds majority Council vote; Council passage by absolute majority vote also requires passage in a referendum; Declaration of Civil Rights amended several times, last in 2019
Independence 3 September 301 (traditional founding date)

San Marino Video

YouTube: Rick Steve's Europe Little Europe: San Marino - Rick Steves’ Europe Travel Guide

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San Marino Geography

What environmental issues does San Marino have?

Climate Mediterranean; mild to cool winters; warm, sunny summers
Border Countries Italy 39 km
Environment - Current Issues NA
Environment - International Agreements party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Whaling signed, but not ratified: Air Pollution
Terrain rugged mountains

San Marino Economy

How big is the San Marino economy?

Economic Overview San Marino, a microstate surrounded by Italy, has a unique and stable economy characterized by its strong banking sector, tourism industry, and traditional manufacturing activities.

Banking and Finance: San Marino has developed a reputable banking and financial services sector, attracting international investments and serving as a tax haven for individuals and businesses. The country's banking laws and regulations are designed to promote transparency and financial stability, contributing significantly to its economy.

Tourism: Tourism plays a crucial role in the San Marino economy, with the country's medieval architecture, cultural heritage, and scenic landscapes attracting visitors worldwide. Tourists flock to explore historic sites such as the Three Towers of San Marino, the Basilica di San Marino, and the Palazzo Pubblico, contributing to revenue generation and job creation in the tourism sector.

Manufacturing: San Marino has a small but resilient manufacturing sector, specializing in traditional industries such as ceramics, textiles, and handicrafts. Local artisans produce high-quality goods that are exported to international markets, showcasing the country's craftsmanship and creativity.

Trade and Commerce: San Marino deals with neighboring countries, particularly Italy, importing food, machinery, and consumer goods. The country's strategic location within the European Union facilitates trade relations and economic cooperation with regional partners.

Services Sector: The services sector in San Marino encompasses a wide range of industries, including retail, hospitality, transportation, and professional services. Small businesses and family-owned enterprises form the backbone of the services sector, contributing to employment and economic growth.

Fiscal Policy: San Marino maintains a balanced budgetary policy promoting economic stability and sustainable growth. The government implements prudent fiscal measures to manage public finances effectively, ensuring long-term financial resilience and strength.

Challenges and Opportunities: Despite its stable economy, San Marino faces limited natural resources, reliance on external factors, and vulnerability to global economic fluctuations. However, the country also has opportunities for growth, including diversification of the economy, investment in infrastructure, and promotion of sustainable tourism.
Industries tourism, banking, textiles, electronics, ceramics, cement, wine
Currency Name and Code Euro (EUR)

San Marino News and Current Events

What current events are happening in San Marino?
Source: Google News

San Marino Travel Information

What makes San Marino a unique country to travel to?

Country Description

San Marino is a developed, constitutional democratic republic, also independent of Italy, with a modern economy. Tourist facilities are widely available.


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Criminal Penalties

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Medical Facilities and Health Information

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Safety and Security

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Traffic Safety and Road Conditions

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