Russia Economy

Is Russia a rich country?

Russia has undergone significant changes since the collapse of the Soviet Union, moving from a centrally planned economy towards a more market-based system. Both economic growth and reform have stalled in recent years, however, and Russia remains a predominantly statist economy with a high concentration of wealth in officials' hands. Economic reforms in the 1990s privatized most industry, with notable exceptions in the energy, transportation, banking, and defense-related sectors. The protection of property rights is still weak, and the state continues to interfere in the free operation of the private sector.

Russia is one of the world's leading producers of oil and natural gas, and is also a top exporter of metals such as steel and primary aluminum. Russia is heavily dependent on the movement of world commodity prices as reliance on commodity exports makes it vulnerable to boom and bust cycles that follow the volatile swings in global prices. The economy, which had averaged 7% growth during the 1998-2008 period as oil prices rose rapidly, has seen diminishing growth rates since then due to the exhaustion of Russia’s commodity-based growth model.

A combination of falling oil prices, international sanctions, and structural limitations pushed Russia into a deep recession in 2015, with GDP falling by close to 2.8%. The downturn continued through 2016, with GDP contracting another 0.2%, but was reversed in 2017 as world demand picked up. Government support for import substitution has increased recently in an effort to diversify the economy away from extractive industries.

Russia Economy Data

What is the GDP of Russia?

Currency Name and Code Russian Ruble (RUR or RUB)
GDP - Gross Domestic Product (PPP) $3,577,000,000,000 (USD)
GDP - official exchange rate $1,236,000,000,000 (USD)
GDP - real growth rate -3.9%
GDP Per Capita $23,700.00 (USD)
GDP by Sector- agriculture 4.4%
GDP by Sector- Industry 35.8%
GDP by Sector- services 59.7%
GDP - composition, by end use household consumption: 53.2%

government consumption: 20.2%

investment in fixed capital: 19.1%

investment in inventories: -3.3%

exports of goods and services: 32.2%

imports of goods and services: -21.4%
Population Below Poverty Line 12.7%
Inflation Rate 5.1%
Labor Force 75,600,000
Labor Force By Occupation- agriculture 9.7%
Labor Force By Occupation- industry 27.8%
Labor Force By Occupation- services 62.5%
Unemployment Rate 5.7%
Fiscal Year calendar year
Annual Budget $423,400,000,000 (USD)
Budget Surplus or Deficit - percent of GDP -0.5%
Public Debt (% of GDP) 12.2%
Taxes and other revenues - percent of GDP 20.7%
Major Industries complete range of mining and extractive industries producing coal, oil, gas, chemicals, and metals; all forms of machine building from rolling mills to high-performance aircraft and space vehicles; defense industries including radar, missile production, and advanced electronic components, shipbuilding; road and rail transportation equipment; communications equipment; agricultural machinery, tractors, and construction equipment; electric power generating and transmitting equipment; medical and scientific instruments; consumer durables, textiles, foodstuffs, handicrafts
Industrial Growth Rate 2.6%
Agriculture Products grain, sugar beets, sunflower seed, vegetables, fruits; beef, milk
Exchange Rate per US Dollar Russian ruble (RUB)
Commercial Bank Prime Lending Rate 9.3%

Labor Force by Occupation- As reported by Russia

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