Qatar Economy

Is Qatar a wealthy country?

Qatar’s oil and natural gas resources are the country’s main economic engine and government revenue source, driving Qatar’s high economic growth and per capita income levels, robust state spending on public entitlements, and booming construction spending, particularly as Qatar prepares to host the World Cup in 2022. Although the government has maintained high capital spending levels for ongoing infrastructure projects, low oil and natural gas prices in recent years have led the Qatari Government to tighten some spending to help stem its budget deficit.

Qatar’s reliance on oil and natural gas is likely to persist for the foreseeable future. Proved natural gas reserves exceed 25 trillion cubic meters - 13% of the world total and, among countries, third largest in the world. Proved oil reserves exceed 25 billion barrels, allowing production to continue at current levels for about 56 years. Despite the dominance of oil and natural gas, Qatar has made significant gains in strengthening non-oil sectors, such as manufacturing, construction, and financial services, leading non-oil GDP to steadily rise in recent years to just over half the total.

Following trade restriction imposed by Saudi Arabia, the UAE, Bahrain, and Egypt in 2017, Qatar established new trade routes with other countries to maintain access to imports.

Qatar Economy Data

What is the GDP of Qatar?

Currency Name and Code Qatari Rial (QAR)
GDP - Gross Domestic Product (PPP) $245,660,000,000 (USD)
GDP - official exchange rate $192,100,000,000 (USD)
GDP - real growth rate 4.7%
GDP Per Capita $145,000.00 (USD)
GDP by Sector- agriculture 0.1%
GDP by Sector- Industry 58.8%
GDP by Sector- services 41.1%
GDP - composition, by end use household consumption: 18.8%

government consumption: 17.8%

investment in fixed capital: 44.6%

investment in inventories: -1.3%

exports of goods and services: 49.9%

imports of goods and services: -29.8%
Inflation Rate 1.1%
Labor Force 1,254,000
Unemployment Rate 0.5%
Fiscal Year 1 April - 31 March
Annual Budget $44,620,000,000 (USD)
Budget Surplus or Deficit - percent of GDP 9.1%
Public Debt (% of GDP) 36.7%
Taxes and other revenues - percent of GDP 38.8%
Major Industries crude oil production and refining, fertilizers, petrochemicals, steel reinforcing bars, cement
Industrial Growth Rate 27.1%
Agriculture Products fruits, vegetables; poultry, dairy products, beef; fish
Exchange Rate per US Dollar Qatari rial (QAR)
Commercial Bank Prime Lending Rate 5.3%

Labor Force by Occupation- As reported by Qatar

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