Philippines Demographics

What is the population of Philippines?

Population 109,180,815
Population Growth Rate 1.84%
Urban Population 48.8%
Population in Major Urban Areas MANILA (capital) 11.862 million; Davao 1.565 million; Cebu City 855,000; Zamboanga 884,000
Nationality Noun Filipino(s)
Nationality Adjective Philippine
Ethnic Groups Christian Malay 91.5%, Muslim Malay 4%, Chinese 1.5%, other 3%
Languages Spoken two official languages - Filipino (based on Tagalog) and English; eight major dialects - Tagalog, Cebuano, Ilocano, Hiligaynon or Ilonggo, Bicol, Waray, Pampango, and Pangasinense
Language Note There are two official languages in the Philippines, Pilipino and English. English is used for business, government, and education from the fourth grade through college. Pilipino, which is based mostly on Tagalog, which is the language spoken in central Luzon. Pilipino is referred to as Tagalog by most people.

Philippines Health Information

What are the health conditions in Philippines?

Contraceptive Prevalence Rate - female 15-49 48.9%
Death Rate - deaths/1,000 population 4.95
Drinking Water Source - percent of rural population improved 91.2%
Drinking Water Source - percent of total population unimproved 8.2%
Drinking Water Source - percent of urban population improved 92.5%
Food or Waterborne Disease (s) bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
Health Expenditures - percent of GDP 4.1%
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate 0.07%
HIV/Aids Deaths 300
Hospital Bed Density - beds/1,000 population 1
Infant Mortality Rate - female deaths/1,000 live births 15.66
Infant Mortality Rate - male deaths/1,000 live births 20.59
Infant Mortality Rate - total deaths/1,000 live births 18.19
Major Infectious Diseases - degree of risk high
Maternal Mortality Rate - deaths/100,000 live births 99
Mean Age for Mother's First Birth 23.1
Obesity - adult prevalence rate 6.3%
People Living with HIV/AIDS 8,700
Physicians Density - physicians/1,000 population 1.15
Sanitation Facility Access - percent of total population unimproved 25.7%
Sanitation Facility Access - percent of urban population improved 79.4%
Sanitation Facility Access - percent of rural population improved 69.4%
Total Fertility Rate - children born/woman 3.1
Underweight - percent of children under five years 20.2%
Vectorborne Disease (s) dengue fever and malaria
Water contact disease (s) leptospirosis

Philippines Life Expectancy

How long do people live in Philippines?

Life Expectancy at Birth 72 Years
Life Expectancy at Birth - female 75 Years
Life Expectancy at Birth - male 69 Years
Median Age 23 Years
Median Age - female 23 Years
Median Age - male 22 Years

Philippines Infant Mortality - per 1,000 live births

Philippines median age, birth rate and death rates

Birth Rate - births/1,000 population 25
Death Rate - deaths/1,000 population 4.95
Median Age 23 Years
Median Age - female 23 Years
Median Age - male 22 Years
Net Migration Rate - migrant(s)/1,000 population -1.25
Population Growth Rate 1.84%
Sex Ratio 0-14 Years - male/female 1.04
Sex Ratio 15-24 Years - male/female 1
Sex Ratio at Birth - male/female 1.05
Sex Ratio of Total Population - male/female 1
Sex Ratio Over 64 Years - male/female .76

Philippines Medical Information

What are the health conditions in Philippines?

Medical Facilities and Health Information

Adequate medical care is available in major cities in the Philippines, but even the best hospitals may not meet the standards of medical care, sanitation, and facilities provided by hospitals and doctors in the United States. Medical care is limited in rural and more remote areas.

Serious medical problems requiring hospitalization and/or medical evacuation to the United States can cost several or even tens of thousands of dollars. Most hospitals will require a down payment of estimated fees in cash at the time of admission. In some cases, public and private hospitals have withheld lifesaving medicines and treatments for non-payment of bills. Hospitals also frequently refuse to discharge patients or release important medical documents until a bill has been paid in full. A list of doctors and medical facilities in the Philippines is available from the U.S. Embassy in Manila.

You can find good information on vaccinations and other health precautions on the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) website. For information about outbreaks of infectious diseases abroad, consult the World Health Organization (WHO) website. The WHO website also contains additional health information for travelers, including detailed country-specific health information.

In the past, the Philippines has seen outbreaks of dengue and schistosomiasis. The CDC website has additional information about both diseases.

Schistosomiasis is transmitted by waterborne larvae and is endemic in the Philippines. The disease presents a risk on Mindanao, Bohol, and Samar, as well as the provinces of Sorsogon (the southern tip of Luzon Island) and eastern Mindoro Island. Travelers should avoid freshwater exposure in these areas.

Philippines Education

What is school like in Philippines?

Education Expenditures - percent of GDP 2.7%
Literacy - female 92.7%
Literacy - male 92.5%
Literacy - total population 92.6%
Literacy Definition age 15 and over can read and write
School Life Expectancy - female 12 Years
School Life Expectancy - male 11 Years
Total School Life Expectancy - (primary to tertiary) 11 Years

Philippines Literacy

Can people in Philippines read?

Literacy - female 92.7%
Literacy - male 92.5%
Literacy - total population 92.6%
Literacy Definition age 15 and over can read and write
Predominant Language two official languages - Filipino (based on Tagalog) and English; eight major dialects - Tagalog, Cebuano, Ilocano, Hiligaynon or Ilonggo, Bicol, Waray, Pampango, and Pangasinense

Philippines Learning

What is school like in Philippines?


Except for schools in the remote, mountainous areas, the schools in the Philippines have the basic resources such as books, paper and desks. Some of the modern equipment is either donated by the government or by foreign assisted programs. Private schools have much better facilities than the public schools Problem in the schools include lack of updated technology, and lack of training for teachers. Some teachers are not motivated because their salaries are below-poverty level. The most serious problem is the lack of classrooms. Some classes are held under the trees, or the classes are so full that children are sitting on floors.


School usually starts at 7:30 A.M. with the first recess around 9:30. Lunch is usually at 11:30. The children usually goes home to eat lunch. Those children whose homes are far from school bring along packed lunch consisting of rice and a viand. Classes resume again around 1:00 P.M. and end around 4:00 P.M. In a public school ratio the student-teacher would be 45:1. For private schools, it is less.
After school some children play around the school or in the plaza. Additionally it is becoming a trend to go to the computer stations and play computer games. Most children go directly home and watch TV. There is always somebody at home like a mom or a relative staying with the family to watch the children. Very few go to private lessons such as piano, ballet, or tae kwondo because of the cost of such classes.

A child starts grade one at 6-7 years old then finishes grade 6 at around 12 years old. The main subjects taught at the primary level include English (grammar and literature), Filipino (grammar and literature), science, math, values, social studies (History, etc), P.E. and home economics. Private schools also have computer classes.

English subjects are taught from pre-school to college. In addition the exposure to media provide children with enough English to be familiar with the language but not to master it.

To School

Most children in the rural area walk to school.  Some take the jeepney (a Philippines bus, seating about a dozen passengers) or the tricycle (motorcycles with a sidecar). Only a few families have their own transportation. Families are responsible to ensure their children get to school, the school does not provide this service.

Philippines Crime

Is Philippines a safe place to visit?

Crime Information

Crime is a significant concern in Manila. As a rule of thumb, U.S. citizens should exercise good judgment and remain aware of their surroundings. Reports of confidence games (con games), pick pocketing, Internet scams, and credit/ATM card fraud are common. U.S. citizens should be wary of unknown individuals who attempt to befriend them, especially just after their arrival in the country. It is best not to accept food, drink, or rides in private vehicles from strangers, even if they appear to be legitimate. There have been several cases of solo travelers meeting people on Roxas Boulevard in downtown Manila, striking up a conversation, developing a relationship, and then being invited to a tourist destination outside of Manila under the guise of meeting their Philippine family. The travelers are taken to the area and, typically, during a meal are given a substance that knocks them unconscious. They are then robbed of valuables, including their ATM cards, which are then used to drain their bank accounts. While U.S. citizens are not typically targeted, kidnappings and violent assaults do occur in the Manila area.

Taxis are the recommended form of public transportation. The following safeguards are important: do not enter a taxi if it has already accepted another passenger and always request that the driver use the meter to record your fare. If the driver is unwilling to comply with these requests, wait for another cab. It is also a good idea to make a mental note of the license plate number of the cab, or text it to someone, should there be a problem. There have been several instances of travelers arriving at the Manila international airport and, shortly after they leave the airport area in a taxi or private vehicle, their vehicle is stopped, typically by an intentional rear-end collision, and the travelers are robbed. When driving in the city, make certain that vehicle doors are locked and the windows are rolled up. For both safety and security reasons, avoid all other forms of public transportation, such as the light rail system, buses, and “jeepneys.”

You should also be vigilant when using credit and debit cards. One common form of credit/ATM card fraud involves an illicit electronic device attached to ATM card readers that retrieves and records information, including the PIN, from a card's magnetic strip. The information is then used to make unauthorized purchases. To limit your vulnerability to this scam, never let your card out of your sight. Avoid ATMs with unusual coverings attached to the card receiver. When using an ATM, be aware of your surroundings. Avoid ATM locations in dimly lit areas. Be careful to prevent observation by others when entering your PIN code. A continuing problem is the commercial scam or sting that attempts to sell or to seek negotiation of fraudulent U.S. securities. Visitors and residents should be wary when presented with supposed Federal Reserve Notes or U.S. securities for sale or negotiation.

Don’t buy counterfeit and pirated goods, even if they are widely available. Not only are the bootlegs illegal in the United States, if you purchase them you may also be breaking local law.

Philippines Penalties for Crime

Criminal Penalties

While you are traveling in the Philippines, you are subject to its laws even if you are a U.S. citizen. Foreign laws and legal systems can be vastly different than our own. Criminal penalties will vary from country to country. There are also some things that might be legal in the country you visit, but still illegal in the United States. Engaging in sexual conduct with children or using or disseminating child pornography in a foreign country is a crime prosecutable in the United States. If you break local laws in the Philippines, your U.S. passport won’t help you avoid arrest or prosecution. It’s very important to know what’s legal and what’s not where you are going.

U.S. citizens should also be aware of a recent statement by the Bureau of Immigration (BI) regarding the participation of foreigners in demonstrations in the Philippines. In the statement, the BI advised foreigners against participating in public protests or political rallies since this activity may be considered a violation of the terms of admission to the Philippines. Foreign nationals who participate in these activities may be detained and deported for violating Philippine immigration laws.

Persons violating the Philippines’ laws, even unknowingly, may be expelled, arrested, or imprisoned. Penalties for possession of, use of, or trafficking in illegal drugs in the Philippines are severe, and convicted offenders can expect long jail sentences and heavy fines. If a traveler is found to have any amount of drugs on his or her person, or nearby, when arriving at or departing from the Philippines, he or she will be charged with trafficking. This offense is non-bailable, and the maximum penalty is life imprisonment. There have been instances where persons carrying controlled substances (e.g., medical marijuana or morphine) as well as a doctor’s prescription for the substance were charged with drug possession because they did not possess the proper prior clearance from the Philippine government before entry.

If you are arrested in the Philippines, authorities of the Philippines are required to notify the U.S. Embassy of your arrest. If you are concerned the Department of State may not be aware of your situation, you should request that the police or prison officials notify the U.S. Embassy of your arrest.

Philippines Population Comparison

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