Papua New Guinea Economy

Is Papua New Guinea a rich country?

Papua New Guinea (PNG) is richly endowed with natural resources, but exploitation has been hampered by rugged terrain, land tenure issues, and the high cost of developing infrastructure. The economy has a small formal sector, focused mainly on the export of those natural resources, and an informal sector, employing the majority of the population. Agriculture provides a subsistence livelihood for 85% of the people. The global financial crisis had little impact because of continued foreign demand for PNG's commodities.

Mineral deposits, including copper, gold, and oil, account for nearly two-thirds of export earnings. Natural gas reserves amount to an estimated 155 billion cubic meters. Following construction of a $19 billion liquefied natural gas (LNG) project, PNG LNG, a consortium led by ExxonMobil, began exporting liquefied natural gas to Asian markets in May 2014. The project was delivered on time and only slightly above budget. The success of the project has encouraged other companies to look at similar LNG projects. French supermajor Total is hopes to begin construction on the Papua LNG project by 2020. Due to lower global commodity prices, resource revenues of all types have fallen dramatically. PNG’s government has recently been forced to adjust spending levels downward.

Numerous challenges still face the government of Peter O'NEILL, including providing physical security for foreign investors, regaining investor confidence, restoring integrity to state institutions, promoting economic efficiency by privatizing moribund state institutions, and maintaining good relations with Australia, its former colonial ruler. Other socio-cultural challenges could upend the economy including chronic law and order and land tenure issues. In August, 2017, PNG launched its first-ever national trade policy, PNG Trade Policy 2017-2032. The policy goal is to maximize trade and investment by increasing exports, to reduce imports, and to increase foreign direct investment (FDI).

Papua New Guinea Economy Data

What is the GDP of Papua New Guinea?

GDP - Gross Domestic Product (PPP) $18,600,000,000 (USD)
GDP - official exchange rate $18,000,000,000 (USD)
GDP - real growth rate 16%
GDP Per Capita $2,800.00 (USD)
GDP by Sector- agriculture 23.3%
GDP by Sector- Industry 38.3%
GDP by Sector- services 38.4%
GDP - composition, by end use household consumption: 56.1%

government consumption: 10.5%

investment in fixed capital: 13.4%

investment in inventories: 7.7%

exports of goods and services: 62.6%

imports of goods and services: -50.3%
Population Below Poverty Line 37%
Inflation Rate 6.8%
Labor Force 3,809,000
Labor Force By Occupation- agriculture 85%
Unemployment Rate 1.8%
Fiscal Year calendar year
Annual Budget $2,917,000,000 (USD)
Budget Surplus or Deficit - percent of GDP -4.6%
Public Debt (% of GDP) 47.1%
Taxes and other revenues - percent of GDP 27.1%
Major Industries copra crushing, palm oil processing, plywood production, wood chip production; mining of gold, silver, and copper; crude oil production; construction, tourism
Industrial Growth Rate 10%
Agriculture Products coffee, cocoa, coconuts, palm kernels, tea, rubber, sweet potatoes, fruit, vegetables, poultry, pork
Currency Code kina (PGK)
Commercial Bank Prime Lending Rate 10.6%

Labor Force by Occupation- As reported by Papua New Guinea

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