Panama Economy

Is Panama a wealthy country?

Panama's dollar-based economy rests primarily on a well-developed services sector that accounts for more than three-quarters of GDP. Services include operating the Panama Canal, logistics, banking, the Colon Free Trade Zone, insurance, container ports, flagship registry, and tourism and Panama is a center for offshore banking. Panama's transportation and logistics services sectors, along with infrastructure development projects, have boosted economic growth; however, public debt surpassed $37 billion in 2016 because of excessive government spending and public works projects. The US-Panama Trade Promotion Agreement was approved by Congress and signed into law in October 2011, and entered into force in October 2012.

Future growth will be bolstered by the Panama Canal expansion project that began in 2007 and was completed in 2016 at a cost of $5.3 billion - about 10-15% of current GDP. The expansion project more than doubled the Canal's capacity, enabling it to accommodate high-capacity vessels such as tankers and neopanamax vessels that are too large to traverse the existing canal. The US and China are the top users of the Canal.

Strong economic performance has not translated into broadly shared prosperity, as Panama has the second worst income distribution in Latin America. About one-fourth of the population lives in poverty; however, from 2006 to 2012 poverty was reduced by 10 percentage points.

Panama Economy Data

What is the GDP of Panama?

Currency Name and Code Panamanian Balboa (PAB) and US Dollar (USD)
GDP - Gross Domestic Product (PPP) $109,520,000,000 (USD)
GDP - official exchange rate $47,470,000,000 (USD)
GDP - real growth rate 6%
GDP Per Capita $20,900.00 (USD)
GDP by Sector- agriculture 3%
GDP by Sector- Industry 20%
GDP by Sector- services 77%
GDP - composition, by end use household consumption: 51.3%

government consumption: 10.8%

investment in fixed capital: 28.1%

investment in inventories: 8.2%

exports of goods and services: 72.6%

imports of goods and services: -71%
Population Below Poverty Line 25.6%
Inflation Rate 3.5%
Labor Force 1,557,000
Labor Force By Occupation- agriculture 17%
Labor Force By Occupation- industry 18.6%
Labor Force By Occupation- services 64.4%
Unemployment Rate 6.5%
Fiscal Year calendar year
Annual Budget $6,994,000,000 (USD)
Budget Surplus or Deficit - percent of GDP -2.6%
Public Debt (% of GDP) 73.2%
Taxes and other revenues - percent of GDP 25.4%
Major Industries construction, petroleum refining, brewing, cement and other construction materials, sugar milling
Industrial Growth Rate -1%
Agriculture Products bananas, rice, corn, coffee, sugarcane, vegetables; livestock; shrimp
Exchange Rate per US Dollar balboa (PAB); US dollar (USD)
Child Labor - % of children ages 5-14 7%
Child Labor - # of children ages 5-14 59,294
Child Labor - note note: data represents children ages 5-17
Commercial Bank Prime Lending Rate 6.91%

Labor Force by Occupation- As reported by Panama

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